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Re: [PATCH 1/N] x86_64 vectorization support: vectorized math functions addition to Glibc

On 09/10/2014 12:07 PM, Joseph S. Myers wrote:
> On Wed, 10 Sep 2014, Andrew Senkevich wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> this is the first patch in the series of patches which will add Intel
>> vectorized math functions to Glibc.
> Please start by raising general design questions on libc-alpha before 
> sending any patches; only send patches once there is consensus on the 
> general questions and that consensus has been written up on a wiki page.  

I agree.

Please create a wiki page for this design writeup.

Create an account and I can add you to the editors list.

> For example:

> * Should functions go in libm or a separate libmvec library?

I do not thing adding these to libm is a good idea, and libmvec should
be the right way forward, with coordination via the compiler driver to
add -lmvec to these functions.

> * What requirements on the compiler / assembler versions used are imposed 
> by the requirement that the ABI provided by glibc's shared libraries must 
> not depend on the tools used to build glibc, and what such requirements is 
> it OK to impose (it may be OK to move to GCC 4.6 as minimum compiler at 
> present, but requiring a more recent version would be a problem; we'd need 
> to consider what binutils version we can require)?  If a separate libmvec 
> is used, is it OK simply not to build it if those requirements aren't met?  
> (It's definitely not OK for the ABI of a library to vary incompatibly, but 
> it might be OK for the presence of a library to be conditional.)

That's right. This patch has no configure checks that I can see, so how
does it get built if the compiler or assembler doesn't support the required

> * Should it be declared that these vectorized functions do not set errno?  
> (If so, then any header code that enables them to be used must of course 
> avoid enabling them in the default -fmath-errno case.)  Similarly, do they 
> follow the other goals documented in the glibc manual for accuracy of 
> results and exceptions (for all input values, including e.g. range 
> reduction)?  If not, further conditionals such as -ffast-math may be 
> needed.

I assume they follow the Intel documented definitions of these functions.

A pointer to those again would be helpful.

> * How do we handle different glibc versions having vectorized functions 
> for different vector ISA extensions?  You're using a single __DECL_SIMD, 
> and having such a function only for AVX2.  But one glibc version could 
> have a function vectorized for ISA extensions A and B, with another 
> version adding it vectorized for C.  The compiler the user uses with the 
> installed glibc headers must be able to tell from those headers which 
> functions have what vectorized versions.  That is, if a glibc version is 
> released where _Pragma ("omp declare simd") is used with a function that 
> only has an AVX2 vectorized version, no past or future GCC version can 
> interpret that pragma as meaning that any version other than AVX2 is 
> available (it must be possible to use any installed glibc headers with 
> both past and future compilers).
> * Similarly, we need to handle different architectures having different 
> sets of functions vectorized and possibly not having the same set of 
> vector ISAs for each function.  Maybe this suggests having an 
> architecture-specific bits/ header that, for each function that might be 
> vectorized, defines a macro to tell the compiler what vector versions are 
> available.  E.g.
> #define __DECL_SIMD_COS_FLOAT /* empty */
> #define __DECL_SIMD_COS_LONG_DOUBLE /* empty */
> where the declaration of cos automatically uses __DECL_SIMD_COS_DOUBLE, 
> and __DECL_SIMD_AVX2 expands to a directive whose semantics are agreed 
> with compilers to mean that an AVX2 vectorized version of the function is 
> available (but other vectorized versions may not be).
> Obviously new functions go at new symbol versions (so GLIBC_2.21 at 
> present, not GLIBC_2.2.5 with a completely inappropriate Versions comment 
> in your patch).  I'd expect you to need appropriate section directives for 
> the data table you add to ensure it goes in read-only data, not writable.  
> And you shouldn't be adding a local PLT reference to cos; call an internal 
> hidden function.


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