Shared library mapped to different parts of the address space

Ian Lance Taylor
Thu Apr 24 00:52:00 GMT 2008

"Rodrigo Dominguez" <> writes:

> I am reading about position independent code (PIC). PIC is used mainly in
> shared libraries because they can be mapped to different parts of the
> address space in different processes. I am trying to trigger this behavior
> (to have a shared library that is mapped to different addresses in two
> different processes). To find out the actual mapping of the library I am
> using 'cat proc/<id>/maps'. However, I haven't been able to see this
> behavior. Does anybody have an example of how to trigger it? I am running
> this experiment on an x86-linux machine.

Many modern GNU/Linux systems use prelinking, which adjusts the shared
libraries so that they will be more efficient when loaded at a
specific address.  For more details: "man prelink".  If your shared
libraries are prelinked, then they will normally be loaded at the same

The easiest way to see this happen is to write a program which uses
dlopen of shared libraries.  If you dlopen them in a different order
you will most likely see them at different addresses.


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