free() does not physically trim/reclaim memory
Fri Sep 2 20:02:00 GMT 2016
On 2016-09-02 00:23, Shuxin Yang wrote:
> Hi, Goffredo:
> Thank you very much for the speedy response. Please see the following interleaving comment.
> On 09/01/2016 02:14 PM, Goffredo Baroncelli wrote:
>> On 2016-09-01 20:24, shuxin yang wrote:
>>> Hi, There:
>>> My environment is Linux with "Ubuntu GLIBC 2.21-0ubuntu4" (this is what ldd --version gives).
>>> In my application, I need to call mmap() a block right after BSS in order to prevent heap from growing.
>>> Then, the subsequent "malloc(not-very-big-size)" is to carve a block from a mmap()-ed block.
>>> It seems to me that the corresponding free() does not physically reclaim the memory unless I
>>> explicitly call malloc_trim().
>>> Could you please shed some light on this issue?
>>> I reproduce the problem with the following snippet, and observe RSS size using command
>>> "smem -P "a\.out"
>> Disclaimer: I am not a libc expert; I have only played a bit with your code.
>> 1) free(3) calls malloc_trim(3) if the block to free is greater than 128K. See mallopt(3), and the M_TRIM_THRESHOLD parameter. If you set M_TRIM_THRESHOLD to 126K or you allocate block greater 128k, you will observer the behavior that you expect.
> It somehow does not work at my side: none of following approaches works:
> - invoke the example by : LLOC_TRIM_THRESHOLD_=$((126 * 1024)) ./a.out
> - call 'mallopt(M_TRIM_THRESHOLD, 126 * 1024)' right after main() is entered.
> Am I missing something here?
> If I set MALLOC_MMAP_THRESHOLD_ to 126k, then the memory can be reclaimed immediately.
> (As far as I can understand the code, it is because each malloc(127k) ends up mmap() a "chunk"
> flagged as "mapped chunk", when free() is called, "mapped chunk" can be easily deallocated)
Sorry, but this was a my error: I wrote TRIM_THRESHOLD, but in my test I used MMAP_THRESHOLD. Our results matches. Even if I don't understand the result now....
>> 2) this is a minor thing: it is not sufficient to allocate memory with malloc, but you have also to access it in order to make a real allocation.
>> If you add a memset(p[i], 0, 127*1024); after the malloc(), you can see that the RSS go from about 17MB to about 500MB. In fact 4096*127*1024 = 508MB.
> Yes, you are absolutely right!
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