GNU C Library master sources branch master updated. glibc-2.22-481-ga62719b

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http://sourceware.org/git/gitweb.cgi?p=glibc.git;a=commitdiff;h=a62719ba90e2fa1728890ae7dc8df9e32a622e7b

commit a62719ba90e2fa1728890ae7dc8df9e32a622e7b
Author: Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>
Date:   Wed Oct 28 19:32:46 2015 +0100

    malloc: Prevent arena free_list from turning cyclic [BZ #19048]
    
    	[BZ# 19048]
    	* malloc/malloc.c (struct malloc_state): Update comment.  Add
    	attached_threads member.
    	(main_arena): Initialize attached_threads.
    	* malloc/arena.c (list_lock): Update comment.
    	(ptmalloc_lock_all, ptmalloc_unlock_all): Likewise.
    	(ptmalloc_unlock_all2): Reinitialize arena reference counts.
    	(deattach_arena): New function.
    	(_int_new_arena): Initialize arena reference count and deattach
    	replaced arena.
    	(get_free_list, reused_arena): Update reference count and deattach
    	replaced arena.
    	(arena_thread_freeres): Update arena reference count and only put
    	unreferenced arenas on the free list.

diff --git a/ChangeLog b/ChangeLog
index 2eca099..9e0639b 100644
--- a/ChangeLog
+++ b/ChangeLog
@@ -1,3 +1,20 @@
+2015-10-28  Florian Weimer  <fweimer@redhat.com>
+
+	[BZ# 19048]
+	* malloc/malloc.c (struct malloc_state): Update comment.  Add
+	attached_threads member.
+	(main_arena): Initialize attached_threads.
+	* malloc/arena.c (list_lock): Update comment.
+	(ptmalloc_lock_all, ptmalloc_unlock_all): Likewise.
+	(ptmalloc_unlock_all2): Reinitialize arena reference counts.
+	(deattach_arena): New function.
+	(_int_new_arena): Initialize arena reference count and deattach
+	replaced arena.
+	(get_free_list, reused_arena): Update reference count and deattach
+	replaced arena.
+	(arena_thread_freeres): Update arena reference count and only put
+	unreferenced arenas on the free list.
+
 2015-10-28  Joseph Myers  <joseph@codesourcery.com>
 
 	[BZ #19181]
diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index 784762b..9b34391 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
@@ -19,9 +19,18 @@ Version 2.23
   18823, 18824, 18825, 18857, 18863, 18870, 18872, 18873, 18875, 18887,
   18918, 18921, 18928, 18951, 18952, 18953, 18956, 18961, 18966, 18967,
   18969, 18970, 18977, 18980, 18981, 18982, 18985, 19003, 19007, 19012,
-  19016, 19018, 19032, 19046, 19049, 19050, 19059, 19071, 19074, 19076,
-  19077, 19078, 19079, 19085, 19086, 19088, 19094, 19095, 19124, 19125,
-  19129, 19134, 19137, 19156, 19174, 19181.
+  19016, 19018, 19032, 19046, 19048, 19049, 19050, 19059, 19071, 19074,
+  19076, 19077, 19078, 19079, 19085, 19086, 19088, 19094, 19095, 19124,
+  19125, 19129, 19134, 19137, 19156, 19174, 19181.
+
+* A defect in the malloc implementation, present since glibc 2.15 (2012) or
+  glibc 2.10 via --enable-experimental-malloc (2009), could result in the
+  unnecessary serialization of memory allocation requests across threads.
+  The defect is now corrected.  Users should see a substantial increase in
+  the concurent throughput of allocation requests for applications which
+  trigger this bug.  Affected applications typically create create and
+  destroy threads frequently.  (Bug 19048 was reported and analyzed by
+  Ericsson.)
 
 * There is now a --disable-timezone-tools configure option for disabling the
   building and installing of the timezone related utilities (zic, zdump, and
diff --git a/malloc/arena.c b/malloc/arena.c
index caf718d..0f00afa 100644
--- a/malloc/arena.c
+++ b/malloc/arena.c
@@ -68,7 +68,10 @@ extern int sanity_check_heap_info_alignment[(sizeof (heap_info)
 
 static __thread mstate thread_arena attribute_tls_model_ie;
 
-/* Arena free list.  */
+/* Arena free list.  list_lock protects the free_list variable below,
+   and the next_free and attached_threads members of the mstate
+   objects.  No other (malloc) locks must be taken while list_lock is
+   active, otherwise deadlocks may occur.  */
 
 static mutex_t list_lock = MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
 static size_t narenas = 1;
@@ -225,7 +228,10 @@ ptmalloc_lock_all (void)
   save_free_hook = __free_hook;
   __malloc_hook = malloc_atfork;
   __free_hook = free_atfork;
-  /* Only the current thread may perform malloc/free calls now. */
+  /* Only the current thread may perform malloc/free calls now.
+     save_arena will be reattached to the current thread, in
+     ptmalloc_lock_all, so save_arena->attached_threads is not
+     updated.  */
   save_arena = thread_arena;
   thread_arena = ATFORK_ARENA_PTR;
 out:
@@ -243,6 +249,9 @@ ptmalloc_unlock_all (void)
   if (--atfork_recursive_cntr != 0)
     return;
 
+  /* Replace ATFORK_ARENA_PTR with save_arena.
+     save_arena->attached_threads was not changed in ptmalloc_lock_all
+     and is still correct.  */
   thread_arena = save_arena;
   __malloc_hook = save_malloc_hook;
   __free_hook = save_free_hook;
@@ -274,12 +283,19 @@ ptmalloc_unlock_all2 (void)
   thread_arena = save_arena;
   __malloc_hook = save_malloc_hook;
   __free_hook = save_free_hook;
+
+  /* Push all arenas to the free list, except save_arena, which is
+     attached to the current thread.  */
+  if (save_arena != NULL)
+    ((mstate) save_arena)->attached_threads = 1;
   free_list = NULL;
   for (ar_ptr = &main_arena;; )
     {
       mutex_init (&ar_ptr->mutex);
       if (ar_ptr != save_arena)
         {
+	  /* This arena is no longer attached to any thread.  */
+	  ar_ptr->attached_threads = 0;
           ar_ptr->next_free = free_list;
           free_list = ar_ptr;
         }
@@ -718,6 +734,22 @@ heap_trim (heap_info *heap, size_t pad)
 
 /* Create a new arena with initial size "size".  */
 
+/* If REPLACED_ARENA is not NULL, detach it from this thread.  Must be
+   called while list_lock is held.  */
+static void
+detach_arena (mstate replaced_arena)
+{
+  if (replaced_arena != NULL)
+    {
+      assert (replaced_arena->attached_threads > 0);
+      /* The current implementation only detaches from main_arena in
+	 case of allocation failure.  This means that it is likely not
+	 beneficial to put the arena on free_list even if the
+	 reference count reaches zero.  */
+      --replaced_arena->attached_threads;
+    }
+}
+
 static mstate
 _int_new_arena (size_t size)
 {
@@ -739,6 +771,7 @@ _int_new_arena (size_t size)
     }
   a = h->ar_ptr = (mstate) (h + 1);
   malloc_init_state (a);
+  a->attached_threads = 1;
   /*a->next = NULL;*/
   a->system_mem = a->max_system_mem = h->size;
   arena_mem += h->size;
@@ -752,12 +785,15 @@ _int_new_arena (size_t size)
   set_head (top (a), (((char *) h + h->size) - ptr) | PREV_INUSE);
 
   LIBC_PROBE (memory_arena_new, 2, a, size);
+  mstate replaced_arena = thread_arena;
   thread_arena = a;
   mutex_init (&a->mutex);
   (void) mutex_lock (&a->mutex);
 
   (void) mutex_lock (&list_lock);
 
+  detach_arena (replaced_arena);
+
   /* Add the new arena to the global list.  */
   a->next = main_arena.next;
   atomic_write_barrier ();
@@ -772,13 +808,23 @@ _int_new_arena (size_t size)
 static mstate
 get_free_list (void)
 {
+  mstate replaced_arena = thread_arena;
   mstate result = free_list;
   if (result != NULL)
     {
       (void) mutex_lock (&list_lock);
       result = free_list;
       if (result != NULL)
-        free_list = result->next_free;
+	{
+	  free_list = result->next_free;
+
+	  /* Arenas on the free list are not attached to any thread.  */
+	  assert (result->attached_threads == 0);
+	  /* But the arena will now be attached to this thread.  */
+	  result->attached_threads = 1;
+
+	  detach_arena (replaced_arena);
+	}
       (void) mutex_unlock (&list_lock);
 
       if (result != NULL)
@@ -837,6 +883,14 @@ reused_arena (mstate avoid_arena)
   (void) mutex_lock (&result->mutex);
 
 out:
+  {
+    mstate replaced_arena = thread_arena;
+    (void) mutex_lock (&list_lock);
+    detach_arena (replaced_arena);
+    ++result->attached_threads;
+    (void) mutex_unlock (&list_lock);
+  }
+
   LIBC_PROBE (memory_arena_reuse, 2, result, avoid_arena);
   thread_arena = result;
   next_to_use = result->next;
@@ -931,8 +985,14 @@ arena_thread_freeres (void)
   if (a != NULL)
     {
       (void) mutex_lock (&list_lock);
-      a->next_free = free_list;
-      free_list = a;
+      /* If this was the last attached thread for this arena, put the
+	 arena on the free list.  */
+      assert (a->attached_threads > 0);
+      if (--a->attached_threads == 0)
+	{
+	  a->next_free = free_list;
+	  free_list = a;
+	}
       (void) mutex_unlock (&list_lock);
     }
 }
diff --git a/malloc/malloc.c b/malloc/malloc.c
index 9371b5a..35c8863 100644
--- a/malloc/malloc.c
+++ b/malloc/malloc.c
@@ -1709,9 +1709,15 @@ struct malloc_state
   /* Linked list */
   struct malloc_state *next;
 
-  /* Linked list for free arenas.  */
+  /* Linked list for free arenas.  Access to this field is serialized
+     by list_lock in arena.c.  */
   struct malloc_state *next_free;
 
+  /* Number of threads attached to this arena.  0 if the arena is on
+     the free list.  Access to this field is serialized by list_lock
+     in arena.c.  */
+  INTERNAL_SIZE_T attached_threads;
+
   /* Memory allocated from the system in this arena.  */
   INTERNAL_SIZE_T system_mem;
   INTERNAL_SIZE_T max_system_mem;
@@ -1755,7 +1761,8 @@ struct malloc_par
 static struct malloc_state main_arena =
 {
   .mutex = MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
-  .next = &main_arena
+  .next = &main_arena,
+  .attached_threads = 1
 };
 
 /* There is only one instance of the malloc parameters.  */

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary of changes:
 ChangeLog       |   17 +++++++++++++
 NEWS            |   15 +++++++++--
 malloc/arena.c  |   70 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 malloc/malloc.c |   11 +++++++-
 4 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)


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