Fwd: Werror=format-security issue from gprofng/src/Print.cc

Vladimir Mezentsev vladimir.mezentsev@oracle.com
Fri Jun 10 17:20:50 GMT 2022

  This is 28968 <https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=28968> 
- gprofng doesn't build with -Werror=format-security

I'm working on it. I'll fix it by Monday/Tuesday.


> Vladimir, can you look at this?
> -------- Forwarded Message --------
> Subject: 	Werror=format-security issue from gprofng/src/Print.cc
> Date: 	Tue, 7 Jun 2022 10:49:50 -0400
> From: 	Yichao Yu via Gdb<gdb@sourceware.org>
> Reply-To: 	Yichao Yu<yyc1992@gmail.com>
> To: 	gdb@sourceware.org
> I got a format-security werror on gprofng/src/Print.cc when trying to
> build the master version of gdb (the compiler flag is added by the
> archlinuxcn build machine).
> While I could disable the flag, I think there might be a real issue
> looking at the code.
> The line that causes the issue is
> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/gprofng/src/Print.cc#L2616,
> which uses a "dynamic" format string without any argument. AFAICT, the
> fmt3 is only ever initialized in
> `er_print_experiment::overview_summary` and if I read it correctly,
> it's initialized to a string with no actual formatting inputs other
> than a `%%`. It is used, however, twice in
> `er_print_experiment::overview_value`, one given two zeros as the
> arguments and one given no arguments so it looks a bit suspicious.
> The git log shows now history of this file so I'm not sure what's the
> intention but my best guess is
> 1. the `fprintf (out_file, fmt3, 0., 0.);` was meant to be using
> `fmt4`. (I assume this is to avoid nan from total_value = 0), or
> 2. since fmt3 is actually a string that's more or less "0.0 (0.0)"
> with padding, the two `0.`s passed to fmt3 are probably bogus and it
> should be the same as the `fprintf (out_file, fmt3);` below
> if my understanding is correct, I think in either case one can simply
> avoid using fmt3 with fprintf by just removing the extra % from it and
> directly write it to the output instead. (i.e.
> https://gist.github.com/yuyichao/7e7cc2f240a1a6e92a1b2a9da8eb3905)
> Did I miss anything?
> Yichao

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