Complex DWARF expressions

Jan Kratochvil jan.kratochvil@redhat.com
Mon Sep 22 06:17:00 GMT 2014


On Mon, 22 Sep 2014 07:59:20 +0200, Yao Qi wrote:
> Eli Zaretskii <eliz@gnu.org> writes:
> 
> >     Range 0x100aaf7-0x100ad4c: a complex DWARF expression:
> >        0: DW_OP_GNU_entry_value
> > 	 2: DW_OP_reg2 [$edx]
> >        3: DW_OP_stack_value
> >
> > "A variable in $edx" I understand, but what about the "complex DWARF
> > expression" parts?  Is there any way a mere mortal such as myself can
> > decipher this to the effect of understanding in which register or at
> > what address can I look up the value, assuming that I know at which PC
> > address the program stopped?
> >
> > (Yes, I've looked at the DWARF Standard, but couldn't understand from
> > the description of these location descriptors how to convert them to
> > either a register or a memory address.)
> 
> DW_OP_GNU_entry_value isn't in DWARF Standard and it is documented here
> http://www.dwarfstd.org/ShowIssue.php?issue=100909.1
> 
> If I understand the doc above correctly, the entry above means if PC is
> within range 0x100aaf7-0x100ad4c, the value of new_width is the value of
> $edx at the moment entering this function.  IOW, to get value of
> new_width, needs to unwind frame and read $edx.

But $edx at the caller would be usually callee-clobbered so one would not be
able to read the value.  This is why the caller's call instruction is described
by:

 <8><1663ca>: Abbrev Number: 24 (DW_TAG_GNU_call_site)
    <1663cb>   DW_AT_low_pc      : 0x814d44f
    <1663cf>   DW_AT_abstract_origin: <0x15e7bc>
 <9><1663d8>: Abbrev Number: 3 (DW_TAG_GNU_call_site_parameter)
    <1663d9>   DW_AT_location    : 1 byte block: 52     (DW_OP_reg2 (edx))
    <1663db>   DW_AT_GNU_call_site_value: 1 byte block: 30      (DW_OP_lit0)

So one finds matching DW_TAG_GNU_call_site and then one finds
DW_TAG_GNU_call_site_parameter with matching DW_AT_location there.

These rules have to be applied recursively, as in many cases there is for
example:

 <6><1669c2>: Abbrev Number: 3 (DW_TAG_GNU_call_site_parameter)
    <1669c3>   DW_AT_location    : 1 byte block: 51     (DW_OP_reg1 (ecx))
    <1669c5>   DW_AT_GNU_call_site_value: 7 byte block: f3 1 51 a ff ff 1a      (DW_OP_GNU_entry_value: (DW_OP_reg1 (ecx)); DW_OP_const2u: 65535; DW_OP_and)


Jan



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