[PATCH v2] Make GDB compile with Python 3 on MinGW

Christian Biesinger via gdb-patches gdb-patches@sourceware.org
Thu Aug 15 17:15:00 GMT 2019


On Wed, Aug 14, 2019 at 9:58 PM Simon Marchi <simark@simark.ca> wrote:
>
> On 2019-08-14 12:06 p.m., Christian Biesinger via gdb-patches wrote:
> > [Now with the comment updated too]
> >
> > PyFile_FromString and PyFile_AsFile have been removed in Python 3.
> > There is no obvious replacement that works here, and we can't just
> > pass our FILE* to a DLL in Windows because it may use a different
> > C runtime.
> >
> > So we just call a Python function which reads and executes file
> > contents. Care must be taken to execute it in the context of
> > __main__.
> >
> > Tested by inverting the ifdef and running the testsuite on Debian
> > Linux (even without the patch, I failed at running the testsuite
> > on Windows).
>
> I haven't deciphered the Python part yet, but here are some early comments.
>
> Did you test with both Python 2 and 3?

I did, yeah.

> > gdb/ChangeLog:
> >
> > 2019-08-13  Christian Biesinger  <cbiesinger@google.com>
> >
> >       * python/lib/gdb/__init__.py: Add an execute_file function.
> >       * python/python.c (python_run_simple_file): Call gdb.execute_file
> >       on Windows.
> > ---
> >  gdb/python/lib/gdb/__init__.py | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  gdb/python/python.c            | 23 +++++++++++++++--------
> >  2 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/gdb/python/lib/gdb/__init__.py b/gdb/python/lib/gdb/__init__.py
> > index af74df80c8..f1adc5ffbe 100644
> > --- a/gdb/python/lib/gdb/__init__.py
> > +++ b/gdb/python/lib/gdb/__init__.py
> > @@ -106,6 +106,29 @@ def execute_unwinders(pending_frame):
> >
> >      return None
> >
> > +def execute_file(filepath):
>
> I would suggest naming this "_execute_file", to emphasize that's internal,
> not to be used by users.

Done (and sent a separate patch to rename other internal functions)

> > +    """This function is used to replace Python 2's PyRun_SimpleFile.
> > +
> > +    Loads and executes the given file.
> > +
> > +    We could use the runpy module, but its documentation says:
> > +    "Furthermore, any functions and classes defined by the executed code are
> > +    not guaranteed to work correctly after a runpy function has returned."
> > +    """
> > +    globals = sys.modules['__main__'].__dict__
> > +    set_file = False
> > +    if not hasattr(globals, '__file__'):
> > +        globals['__file__'] = filepath
> > +        set_file = True
>
> What does setting __file__ help with? A comment explaining why this is needed
> would be nice.

Done

> > +    try:
> > +        with open(filepath, 'rb') as file:
> > +            # We pass globals also as locals to match what Python does
> > +            # in PyRun_SimpleFile.
> > +            exec(compile(file.read(), filepath, 'exec'), globals, globals)
>
> Could you split this line (the exec and compile) in two?  If there is an error
> coming out of either of them, and we get a backtrace, it will be easier to know
> which one it is if they are on separate lines.

Done

> > +    finally:
> > +        if set_file:
> > +            del globals['__file__']
> > +
> >
> >  # Convenience variable to GDB's python directory
> >  PYTHONDIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(__file__))
> > diff --git a/gdb/python/python.c b/gdb/python/python.c
> > index 162470dcc0..617bc0b84c 100644
> > --- a/gdb/python/python.c
> > +++ b/gdb/python/python.c
> > @@ -323,9 +323,8 @@ python_interactive_command (const char *arg, int from_tty)
> >     A FILE * from one runtime does not necessarily operate correctly in
> >     the other runtime.
> >
> > -   To work around this potential issue, we create on Windows hosts the
> > -   FILE object using Python routines, thus making sure that it is
> > -   compatible with the Python library.  */
> > +   To work around this potential issue, we run code in Python to load
> > +   the script.  */
> >
> >  static void
> >  python_run_simple_file (FILE *file, const char *filename)
> > @@ -339,14 +338,22 @@ python_run_simple_file (FILE *file, const char *filename)
> >    /* Because we have a string for a filename, and are using Python to
> >       open the file, we need to expand any tilde in the path first.  */
> >    gdb::unique_xmalloc_ptr<char> full_path (tilde_expand (filename));
> > -  gdbpy_ref<> python_file (PyFile_FromString (full_path.get (), (char *) "r"));
> > -  if (python_file == NULL)
> > +
> > +  if (gdb_python_module == nullptr
> > +      || ! PyObject_HasAttrString (gdb_python_module, "execute_file"))
> >      {
> > -      gdbpy_print_stack ();
> > -      error (_("Error while opening file: %s"), full_path.get ());
> > +      error (_("Installation error: gdb.execute_file function is missing"));
> > +      return;
> >      }
> >
> > -  PyRun_SimpleFile (PyFile_AsFile (python_file.get ()), filename);
> > +  gdbpy_ref<> return_value
> > +    (PyObject_CallMethod (gdb_python_module, "execute_file", "s", full_path.get ()));
>
> Wrap the line above to fit in 80 columns:
>
>   gdbpy_ref<> return_value
>     (PyObject_CallMethod (gdb_python_module, "execute_file", "s",
>                           full_path.get ()));

Oops, done.

> > +  if (return_value == nullptr)
> > +    {
> > +      /* Use PyErr_PrintEx instead of gdbpy_print_stack to better match the
> > +         behavior of the non-Windows codepath.  */
> > +      PyErr_PrintEx(0);
>
> I don't think PyErr_PrintEx clears the Python error indicator, and I think we want
> it cleared when we exit this function, so should we call PyErr_Clear here?

It does, per https://docs.python.org/3/c-api/exceptions.html and
https://docs.python.org/2/c-api/exceptions.html

Christian



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