overflows in Dwfl_Thread_Callbacks::memory_read callback

Milian Wolff mail@milianw.de
Fri Jun 2 11:28:00 GMT 2017


Hey all,

in the perfparser that Ulf wrote, and to which I'm contributing too, we often 
see abnormal data being passed to the memory_read callback we define. 

I.e. our callback gets invoked with addr=0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF which clearly 
isn't an expected or valid address. So far we ignored this, as things seem to 
work okayish, but I still suspect something is wrong somewhere... Out of 
interest, I would like to ask if anyone has ever seen something like that?

I can easily reproduce this problem. I recorded a session with rr and then 
investigated what is going on. Below is a "screenshot" of my rr replay 
session:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

warning: perfparser/memoryRead: Invalid memory read requested by dwfl 
18446744073709551615 [/home/milian/projects/kdab/rnd/hotspot/3rdparty/
perfparser/app/perfsymboltable.cpp:150/pid=31690]

Breakpoint 1, memoryRead (dwfl=0x1baaa80, addr=18446744073709551615, 
result=0x7ffe83f69fe8, arg=0x7ffe83f6c278) at /home/milian/projects/kdab/rnd/
hotspot/3rdparty/perfparser/app/perfsymboltable.cpp:151
151             ui->firstGuessedFrame = ui->frames.length();
(rr) up
#1  0x00007fd107ff7345 in expr_eval (state=state@entry=0x1bca010, 
frame=0x1bcbdf0, ops=0x7ffe83f69ff0, nops=2, 
result=result@entry=0x7ffe83f69fe8, bias=bias@entry=140092229857280)
    at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdwfl/frame_unwind.c:501
501           if (! process->callbacks->memory_read (process->dwfl, *result, 
result,
(rr) watch -l *result
Hardware watchpoint 2: -location *result
(rr) reverse-continue 
Continuing.

Hardware watchpoint 2: -location *result

Old value = 18446744073709551615
New value = 18446744073709551575
0x00007fd107ff72fe in do_pop (stack=0x7ffe83f69f20, stack=0x7ffe83f69f20, 
val=0x7ffe83f69fe8) at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdwfl/
frame_unwind.c:139
139       *val = stack->addrs[--stack->used];
(rr) print stack->used
$1 = 0
(rr) reverse-step
139       *val = stack->addrs[--stack->used];
(rr) print stack->used
$2 = 1
(rr) print stack->addrs[0]
$3 = 18446744073709551615
(rr) print stack->addrs[1]
$4 = 140535749912192
(rr) print stack->addrs[0]
$5 = 18446744073709551615
(rr) watch -l stack->addrs[0]
Hardware watchpoint 3: -location stack->addrs[0]
(rr) reverse-conQuit
(rr) del 2
(rr) reverse-continue 
Continuing.

Hardware watchpoint 3: -location stack->addrs[0]

Old value = 18446744073709551615
New value = 15
0x00007fd107ff6e8a in do_push (stack=0x7ffe83f69f20, val=18446744073709551615) 
at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdwfl/frame_unwind.c:127
127       stack->addrs[stack->used++] = val;
(rr) print val
$6 = 18446744073709551615
(rr) up
#1  0x00007fd107ff7a4f in expr_eval (state=state@entry=0x1bca010, 
frame=0x1bcbdf0, ops=0x7ffe83f69ff0, nops=2, 
result=result@entry=0x7ffe83f69fe8, bias=bias@entry=140092229857280)
    at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdwfl/frame_unwind.c:361
361               if (! pop (&val1) || ! push (val1 + op->number))
(rr) print val1
$7 = 15
(rr) print op->number
$8 = 18446744073709551600
(rr) watch -l op->number
Hardware watchpoint 4: -location op->number
(rr) del 3
(rr) reverse-continue 
Continuing.

Hardware watchpoint 4: -location op->number

Old value = 18446744073709551600
New value = 0
0x00007fd107fe06e8 in dwarf_frame_register (fs=0x1bcbdf0, regno=regno@entry=6, 
ops_mem=ops_mem@entry=0x7ffe83f69ff0, ops=ops@entry=0x7ffe83f69fd8, 
nops=nops@entry=0x7ffe83f69fe0)
    at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdw/dwarf_frame_register.c:80
80              ops_mem[(*nops)++] = (Dwarf_Op) { .atom = DW_OP_plus_uconst,
(rr) list
75
76          case reg_offset:
77          case reg_val_offset:
78            ops_mem[(*nops)++] = (Dwarf_Op) { .atom = DW_OP_call_frame_cfa 
};
79            if (reg->value != 0)
80              ops_mem[(*nops)++] = (Dwarf_Op) { .atom = DW_OP_plus_uconst,
81                                                .number = reg->value };
82            if (reg->rule == reg_val_offset)
83              /* A value, not a location.  */
84              ops_mem[(*nops)++] = (Dwarf_Op) { .atom = DW_OP_stack_value };
(rr) print reg->value
$9 = -16
(rr) watch -l reg->value
Hardware watchpoint 5: -location reg->value
(rr) reverse-continue 
Continuing.

Hardware watchpoint 4: -location op->number

Old value = 0
New value = 18446744073709551560
dwarf_frame_register (fs=0x1bcbdf0, regno=regno@entry=6, 
ops_mem=ops_mem@entry=0x7ffe83f69ff0, ops=ops@entry=0x7ffe83f69fd8, 
nops=nops@entry=0x7ffe83f69fe0)
    at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdw/dwarf_frame_register.c:80
80              ops_mem[(*nops)++] = (Dwarf_Op) { .atom = DW_OP_plus_uconst,
(rr) del 4
(rr) reverse-continue 
Continuing.

Hardware watchpoint 5: -location reg->value

Old value = -16
New value = 0
0x00007fd107fddf17 in execute_cfi (cache=cache@entry=0x1bb5b00, cie=0x1b9d100, 
state=state@entry=0x7ffe83f69ed0, program=<optimized out>, end=0x7fd108039778 
",", abi_cfi=abi_cfi@entry=false, loc=21649, 
    find_pc=23177) at /home/milian/projects/src/elfutils/libdw/cfi.c:260
260               register_rule (operand, val_offset, offset);
(rr) list
255               get_uleb128 (operand, program, end);
256               cfi_assert (program < end);
257               get_uleb128 (offset, program, end);
258               offset *= cie->data_alignment_factor;
259             val_offset:
260               register_rule (operand, val_offset, offset);
261               continue;
262
263             case DW_CFA_val_offset_sf:
264               get_uleb128 (operand, program, end);
(rr) print offset
$10 = <optimized out>
(rr) print val_offset
No symbol "val_offset" in current context.
(rr) print operand
$11 = <optimized out>
(rr) print operand
$12 = <optimized out>

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

So from the above I notice a couple of... "interesting" behavior:

- op->number is an unsigned value, but gets the signed value -16 written to 
it, thereby producing the large value 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF0

- even if the above would be signed, the expression "15 - 16" is always going 
to result in a bogus address

- has anyone a clue of what may be going wrong here? Is one of our callbacks 
returning wrong values before? Is the DWARF info broken? Is there any kind of 
DWARF validator or anything like that which I could use here to check? I 
notice that this issue often arises with frames in libc and ld.so. But, so 
far, I have not come up with a good way to write a MWE that reliably tests 
this behavior... Is there maybe something in the elfutils source code repo 
that I could use as a basis?

If anyone else wants to try to reproduce this, I guess it should also be 
doable with vanilla perf:

- compile it with `make NO_LIBUNWIND=1` to get the libdw based unwinder
- record some data with `perf record --call-graph dwarf`
- inspect the data with `perf script -vvv`, you'll notice a lot of lines of 
the form

unwind: access_mem 0xffffffffffffffd7 not inside range 
0x7ffca0a86aa8-0x7ffca0a88aa8

which is also what we see in our perfparser utility.

Thanks
-- 
Milian Wolff
mail@milianw.de
http://milianw.de
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