[ECOS] Reading serial ports with timeout

Laurie Gellatly laurie.gellatly@netic.com
Wed Jan 16 11:03:00 GMT 2008

Hi All,
On my LPC2212 board I have serial 1 running at 115K baud.
The data coming into the port is CRC checked.
What we've found is that when the micro at the other end of the serial sends
a packet,
(say 60 bytes) about 10% of the time, one of the characters in the data
stream is missed.
I can sniff the line and see the characters are all there, but my
application misses one at random.
The serial port is interrupt driven. We don't use the 16 char FIFO.
Our code does this:

while( iDataItr < L2OVERHEADSIZE-1 )	{ // need more chars
	cyg_io_get_config(ser_handle, CYG_IO_GET_CONFIG_SERIAL_BUFFER_INFO,
&serial_buffer_info, &iLen); // How many available?
	while( (serial_buffer_info.rx_count != 0) && (iDataItr <
L2OVERHEADSIZE-1) ){		// There are some ready and we need them
		cyg_io_read( ser_handle, &ucHeader[iDataItr++], &iNumBytesToRead );
//blocking read 1 char in
		cyg_io_get_config(ser_handle, CYG_IO_GET_CONFIG_SERIAL_BUFFER_INFO,
&serial_buffer_info, &iLen); // How many available now?
	ulTimeNow = cyg_current_time();				// What the time now
	if( (ulTimeNow - ulTimeStart) > iTimeToWait ){		// Has it taken too long to
read them in (timeout)?
		printf( "Error: processRXPacket(): Header timeout!!\n");

Which is basically,
While we have more data to get, get the number of characters ready to be
While there are characters available and we need more
  read the next 1 character and add it to the buffer
 find out how many characters are ready to be read now?
Get the current time
check to see if its been too long to get this data

When I looked at eCos' PPP implementation I see it uses cyg_alarm_xxx and
just blocks on a cyg_io_read
Is that the 'right' way to do this? Can someone see a flaw in the existing

Many thanks			...Laurie:{)

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