[ECOS] How to reset the timeout on a thread waiting for a fla g

Jonathan Larmour jifl@eCosCentric.com
Fri Jan 31 17:34:00 GMT 2003

Fabrice Gautier wrote:
>>-----Original Message-----
>>From: Jonathan Larmour [mailto:jifl@eCosCentric.com]
>>Sent: Monday, January 27, 2003 8:33 PM
>>To: Fabrice Gautier
>>Cc: Ecos-List (E-mail)
>>Subject: Re: [ECOS] How to reset the timeout on a thread waiting for a
>>Fabrice Gautier wrote:
>>>Here is what i want to do:
>>>I have a thread starting an operation and waiting for it to 
>>>finish. The operation result in a series of interrupts.
>>>The thread waits on a flag, and the ISR will eventually set
>>>the flag when the operation is done, to wake up the thread. 
>>DSR I hope :-).
> Well... actually no... Is it safe do that in the ISR? I guess not... but i'm
> not sure why. How does the cyg_flag_set function blocks? 

It's not to do with blocking or not. It's that it may interrupt another 
kernel operation and leave the scheduler in an undefined state.

> Anyway I''m doing it and in my case it seems to work fine, but I dont set
> the flag anywhere else.

When you set the flag and someone's waiting on it you could well screw up 
the scheduler's state if it was in the kernel in some other thread. Sure 
99% of the time it'll work because other threads won't be in the kernel, 
and the other 1% will hose the system.

> If I dont want to implement a DSR, what would be the best way to implement
> this ?

Polled shared state marked volatile - that's about it for useful alternatives.

Remember that DSRs are sort of equivalent to ISRs in many other OS's - 
they often blip the global interrupt flag instead of just blipping a 
scheduler lock.

>>>I also want a timeout. But not a total timeout value for 
>>>the total operation
>>>but a timeout based on the interrupt activity. ie if there 
>>is no more
>>>interrupt for 1/2sec then i want to timeout.
>>>So is ther any function to reset the thread timer. 
>>Not exported in C (nor should it be really). You could look 
>>in the C++ headers, but there be dragons.
> I try to add a cyg_thread_set_delay(thread, delay) function that call
> Cyg_Thread::set_timer but I'm not sure it's working... I actually have to
> implement a case to test it...

That should be enough. But only from a DSR again :-).

>>But I would imagine an alternative way to do this is to use 
>>two flag bits 
>>with cyg_flag_timed_wait() - one bit set on each interrupt, 
>>and the other 
>>when the operation completes. It's used with CYG_FLAG_WAITMODE_OR.
>>Then when the thread wakes up, it checks why it woke up, and 
>>if necessary waits again for the operation to complete.
> Yes... that would do... the only is that you would have to wake up the
> thread for each interrupt in the other case you only wake up once...

Well, eCos is lightweight enough that's not likely to be much overhead.

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