Cygwin Platform Identification

Brian Inglis
Wed Feb 9 08:10:20 GMT 2022

On 2022-02-08 21:13, wrote:
> On Tuesday, February 8, 2022 6:46 PM, Brian Inglis wrote:
> On 2022-02-08 15:01, wrote:
>> Cygwin doesn't create an environment variable in bash to indicate that
>> the platform is Cygwin under Windows.
>> This causes compatibility problems when running various tools. Most of
>> my issues have been with Python tools running Windows Python.
>> I have been addressing this issue by grepping PATH for cygdrive which
>> doesn't seem like a very good approach.
>> Both msys2 and mingw solve this issue by setting the MSYSTEM
>> environment variable which lets tools check that OS=Windows_NT and
>> Please add some way of identifying that programs are running under
>> Cygwin.

> I have been switching env/OS/arch/triple dependent profile and rc files and
> sections for years with:
> 64 $ echo $OSTYPE $OS $HOSTTYPE $MACHTYPE cygwin Windows_NT x86_64
> x86_64-unknown-cygwin
> 32 $ echo $OSTYPE $OS $HOSTTYPE $MACHTYPE cygwin Windows_NT i686
> i686-pc-cygwin
> Please note that *only* $OS is exported by default (in the above list), so
> you will have to explicitly export (in profiles) any other shell variables
> you wish to be available to shell subprocesses.

> I realize that I can create my own env variables. I just think that 
> Cygwin should provide them so that programmers writing software can 
> rely on the variable name and value. If there is no consistent value 
> when Cygwin is installed then dozens of tools that work on other
> bash solutions for Windows can't be made to work on Cygwin.
If you would like information provided, please request the information 
you seek, and you are more likely to get a response.

You are making a series of incorrect statements here based on incorrect 
assumptions due to lack of relevant information.

Did I suggest you had to set any of those variables?

If you would RTFM e.g. "$ info bash var" you would realize that those 
variables named are set by bash, depending on the build target or host 
execution environment.

I said *only* $OS is exported by default, such that it is automatically 
exported to be available in child processes.

The other variables named have not been automatically exported by 
default since bash 2.

You have to explicitly export the other variables named from your bash 
login or bash process execution shell to make them available in child 
process environments.

Other shells may not provide platform identification or use the same 
variable names e.g.

x86_64 . x86_64-unknown-cygwin . cygwin .

. . .

. . .

. . .

x86_64-cygwin . x86_64 . cygwin . unknown

. x86_64 . cygwin . pc

in which case utilities may be used or system configuration enquiries 
sysconf(3) may be required.

Cygwin also provides the POSIX mandated outputs:

64 $ uname
32 $ uname

and common Linux and BSD extensions (e.g. -o):

64 $ uname -so
CYGWIN_NT-10.0 Cygwin
64 $ uname -rv
3.3.4(0.341/5/3) 2022-01-31 19:35

$ head /proc/version
CYGWIN_NT-10.0-19044 version 3.3.4-341.x86_64 (corinna@calimero) (gcc 
version 11.2.0 20210728 (Fedora Cygwin 11.2.0-2) (GCC) ) 2022-01-31 
19:35 UTC

Take care. Thanks, Brian Inglis, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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