In Cygwin console (not Mintty), escape sequences DL/IL at the last line misbehave

Takashi Yano
Thu Feb 3 12:09:34 GMT 2022

On Thu, 3 Feb 2022 19:02:14 +0900
Koichi Murase wrote:
> I'm not sure what this exactly is related to, but I guess pcon is
> closely related.

No, this is not related to pseudo console.

> Cygwin version:
> I can reproduce it in Cygwin 3.2.0 and the latest 3.3.4 for both
> 64-bit and 32-bit versions. I usually set CYGWIN=disable_pcon, but
> this reproduces for both cases with and without disable_pcon.
> I think I observed this behavior even earlier but don't exactly
> remember in which Cygwin version I first noticed this broken behavior.
> At least, this behavior has existed for a very long time. I have been
> thinking that there are a few people using the Cygwin console
> directly, but I recently noticed that it matters when I connect to
> Cygwin from Windows Terminal. This puts very hard limitations on
> implementing a line editor where the line editor does not know the
> absolute vertical position in the terminal screen so cannot predict
> the consequences of using DL/IL.
> Repeat-by:
> 1. First open a Cygwin console (not to be confused with Mintty) by
> double-clicking bash.exe in C:\cygwin64\bin or by executing "cygstart
> bash".
> 2a. run the following command at the last line of the terminal:
> $ printf '\e[5M'
> 2b. run the following command at the last line of the terminal
> $ printf '\e[5L'
> The control sequence \e[<Pn>M (CSI <Pn> M) is the ANSI escape sequence
> DL (DELETE LINE), which is supposed to delete the current line and the
> following <Pn>-1 lines and scrolls up the subsequence lines. This
> control function functions correctly when it is not at the last line
> in the Cygwin console. However, if the current cursor position is
> located at the last line, DL(<Pn>) of the Cygwin console wrongly
> scrolls up the entire screen by <Pn> lines (instead of the subsequent
> lines after the delete lines).
> Likely, \e[<Pn>L is the ANSI escape sequence IL (INSERT LINE), which
> is supposed to insert <Pn> new lines at the current line and to scroll
> down the subsequent lines. However, when the cursor is at the last
> line, IL of the Cygwin console again scrolls down the entire screen.
> This behavior is also reproduced in Windows Terminal with a profile of
> Cygwin executing bash.exe --login -i. This doesn't happen when we use
> Mintty or other terminal emulators relying on the genuine Cygwin PTY.
> Fix:
> Any other terminals do not behave in this unintuitive way. When the
> cursor is located at the last line, DL/IL should not scroll any lines
> but should just clear only the last line.

Thanks for the report.

I can reproduce the problem. I will submit a patch for this issue shortly.

Takashi Yano <>

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