DJ Please read - profiling

DJ Delorie
Thu May 3 14:30:00 GMT 2001

>     I recall you have done serious work on profiling cygwin? I don't
> have dejagnu running here, nor _any idea_ on how to profile cygwin.

To use gprof, you need to build cygwin as a static library with -pg.
That in itself is tricky, because you first have to replace malloc
with some other implementation so that it doesn't recurse (cygwin
calls the user's malloc, which *is* cygwin's malloc if you link
statically).  You also have to rewrite all the startup code to work in
a non-dll situation.  It's not easy to get cygwin to run this way, and
expect to end up with a useless mess when you're done profiling.

The next step is the profiler itself - you can use gprof, but the
granularity is pretty bad for quick-lived things like cygwin.  I wrote
something that single-stepped the program using the debug API and
built a profile from that; you'd have to ask Chris if I can publish
it, assuming it still works.  It (my profiler) should work with cygwin
as a DLL, so that makes things easier, but programs run about 1000
times slower :-( and you have to manually specify the range of
addresses you want to profile.  You can, however, profile individual
functions via OutputDebugString controls to the profiler.

I don't remember if my profiler infers call graph counts or if you
have to build cygwin1.dll with -pg.  I think it infers the graph.

I will gladly impart my wisdom and experience in detail if someone is
willing to validate what still currently works and write up a page for

You don't need dejagnu at all, unless that's what you're profiling.

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