cygutils cygstart displays PUA code points in messages when wild cards not found

Brian Inglis Brian.Inglis@SystematicSw.ab.ca
Tue Mar 2 04:27:21 GMT 2021


On 2021-03-01 08:06, Brian Inglis wrote:
> On 2021-03-01 04:17, John Vincent via Cygwin wrote:
>> I'm running cygwin on Windows 10, using UTF8 in English. I run cygwin bash 
>> inside a cygwin mintty terminal. I've noticed a minor problem when using 
>> cygstart with wildcard parameters.
>> I type:
>>     $ cygstart *.??p
>> If there is a matching file then everything works as I expect. However if
>> there is no matching file I get an error message as follows:
>> Unable to start '.p': The specified file was not found.
>> When I look at this using the "od" command I see the following:
>> $ cygstart *.??p 2>&1 | od -tx1 -c
>> 0000000  55  6e  61  62  6c  65  20  74  6f  20  73  74  61  72  74  20
>>           U   n   a   b   l   e       t   o       s   t   a   r   t
>> 0000020  27  ef  80  aa  2e  ef  80  bf  ef  80  bf  70  27  3a  20  54
>>           ' 357 200 252   . 357 200 277 357 200 277   p   '   :       T
>> 0000040  68  65  20  73  70  65  63  69  66  69  65  64  20  66  69  6c
>>           h   e       s   p   e   c   i   f   i   e   d       f   i   l
>> 0000060  65  20  77  61  73  20  6e  6f  74  20  66  6f  75  6e  64  2e
>>           e       w   a   s       n   o   t       f   o   u   n   d   .
>> 0000100  0a
>>          \n
>> It looks to me like cygstart is not outputting the correct UTF-8 for either
>> the * character or the ? character. I think this is a bug.
> To support POSIX path names, Cygwin allows any characters other than \0 and /, 
> so it maps Windows special characters into the UTF-8 BMP PUA:
> 
> https://cygwin.com/cygwin-ug-net/using-specialnames.html#pathnames-specialchars
> 
> http://www.unicode.org/faq/private_use.html
> 
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_Use_Areas
> 
> It may also prefix unsupported codes in a code page with CAN/0x18.
> 
> The bug is in displaying in the error message the remapped string with 
> undisplayable PUA characters, rather than either the reverse mapped string or 
> the original input path name.

As above and:

$ cygstart ?*?.log
Unable to start '.log': The specified file was not found.
$ cygstart ?*?.log |& xxd -g1
00000000: 55 6e 61 62 6c 65 20 74 6f 20 73 74 61 72 74 20  Unable to start
00000010: 27 ef 80 bf ef 80 aa ef 80 bf 2e 6c 6f 67 27 3a  '..........log':
00000020: 20 54 68 65 20 73 70 65 63 69 66 69 65 64 20 66   The specified f
00000030: 69 6c 65 20 77 61 73 20 6e 6f 74 20 66 6f 75 6e  ile was not foun
00000040: 64 2e 0a                                         d..

?*? 0x3f2a3f --> 0xf03f 0xf02a 0xf03f
-> 0xef 0x80 0xbf 0xef 0x80 0xaa 0xef 0x80 0xbf

-- 
Take care. Thanks, Brian Inglis, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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