[PATCH v2] x86: avoid i386_dis_printf()'s staging area for potentially long strings

H.J. Lu hjl.tools@gmail.com
Mon Aug 15 19:19:35 GMT 2022


On Mon, Aug 15, 2022 at 8:38 AM Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> wrote:
>
> PR binutils/29483
>
> When print_insn() processes op_txt[], it may pass strings into
> i386_dis_printf() which staging_area[] cannot fit; this was observed for
> an invalid form of VPSCATTERDD (both broadcast and zeroing-masking bits
> set). Rather than arbitrarily enlarging that local array, avoid its use
> altogether when the format string is simply "%s". This merely requires
> two local variables to have their type constified.
>
> While limiting the scope of "res" it became apparent that
> - no caller cares about the function's return value,
> - the comment about the return value was wrong,
> - a particular positive return value would have been meaningless to the
>   caller.
> Therefore convert the function to return "void" at the same time.
> ---
> An alternative to the special casing would be to introduce something
> like i386_dis_puts(), then to be used by all call sites which currently
> pass "%s" or format strings without any format characters at all (plus,
> of course, i386_dis_printf() itself).
> ---
> v2: Add testcase.
>
> --- a/gas/testsuite/gas/i386/i386.exp
> +++ b/gas/testsuite/gas/i386/i386.exp
> @@ -1349,6 +1349,7 @@ if [gas_64_check] then {
>         run_dump_test ehinterp
>      }
>      run_dump_test pr27198
> +    run_dump_test pr29483
>
>      set ASFLAGS "$old_ASFLAGS --64"
>
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/gas/testsuite/gas/i386/pr29483.d
> @@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
> +#objdump: -dw
> +#name: x86-64 PR binutils/29483
> +
> +.*: +file format .*
> +
> +Disassembly of section .text:
> +
> +0+ <pr29483>:
> +[      ]*[a-f0-9]+:    65 62 62 7d 97 a0 94 ff 20 20 20 ae     vpscatterdd .*
> +
> +0x65,0x62,0x62,0x7d,0x97,0xa0,0x94,0xff,0x20,0x20,0x20,0xae
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/gas/testsuite/gas/i386/pr29483.s
> @@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
> +       .text
> +pr29483:
> +       # This (VPSCATTERDD with EVEX.br and EVEX.z invalidly set) should not
> +       # crash the disassembler.
> +       .byte 0x65,0x62,0x62,0x7d,0x97,0xa0,0x94,0xff,0x20,0x20,0x20,0xae
> --- a/opcodes/i386-dis.c
> +++ b/opcodes/i386-dis.c
> @@ -9264,31 +9264,40 @@ oappend_register (instr_info *ins, const
>     STYLE is the default style to use in the fprintf_styled_func calls,
>     however, FMT might include embedded style markers (see oappend_style),
>     these embedded markers are not printed, but instead change the style
> -   used in the next fprintf_styled_func call.
> +   used in the next fprintf_styled_func call.  */
>
> -   Return non-zero to indicate the print call was a success.  */
> -
> -static int ATTRIBUTE_PRINTF_3
> +static void ATTRIBUTE_PRINTF_3
>  i386_dis_printf (instr_info *ins, enum disassembler_style style,
>                  const char *fmt, ...)
>  {
>    va_list ap;
>    enum disassembler_style curr_style = style;
> -  char *start, *curr;
> +  const char *start, *curr;
>    char staging_area[100];
> -  int res;
>
>    va_start (ap, fmt);
> -  res = vsnprintf (staging_area, sizeof (staging_area), fmt, ap);
> -  va_end (ap);
> +  /* In particular print_insn()'s processing of op_txt[] can hand rather long
> +     strings here.  Bypass vsnprintf() in such cases to avoid capacity issues
> +     with the staging area.  */
> +  if (strcmp (fmt, "%s"))
> +    {
> +      int res = vsnprintf (staging_area, sizeof (staging_area), fmt, ap);
>
> -  if (res < 0)
> -    return res;
> +      va_end (ap);
>
> -  if ((size_t) res >= sizeof (staging_area))
> -    abort ();
> +      if (res < 0)
> +       return;
>
> -  start = curr = staging_area;
> +      if ((size_t) res >= sizeof (staging_area))
> +       abort ();
> +
> +      start = curr = staging_area;
> +    }
> +  else
> +    {
> +      start = curr = va_arg (ap, const char *);
> +      va_end (ap);
> +    }
>
>    do
>      {
> @@ -9303,10 +9312,7 @@ i386_dis_printf (instr_info *ins, enum d
>                                                      curr_style,
>                                                      "%.*s", len, start);
>           if (n < 0)
> -           {
> -             res = n;
> -             break;
> -           }
> +           break;
>
>           if (*curr == '\0')
>             break;
> @@ -9340,8 +9346,6 @@ i386_dis_printf (instr_info *ins, enum d
>         ++curr;
>      }
>    while (true);
> -
> -  return res;
>  }
>
>  static int

I prefer something like this with the disassembler output:

  0: 65 62 62 7d 97 a0 94 ff 20 20 20 ae vpscatterdd
%xmm26,%gs:-0x51dfdfe0(%rdi,%xmm23,8){bad}{%k7}{z}/(bad)

-- 
H.J.
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