[PATCH] ld: Extend documentation for EXCLUDE_FILE

Andrew Burgess andrew.burgess@embecosm.com
Tue Sep 20 10:01:00 GMT 2016

There was a gap in the documentation of EXCLUDE_FILE that could cause
confusion to a user.  When writing an input section specifier like this:

    *(EXCLUDE_FILE (somefile.o) .text .text.*)

this could mean one of the following:

   1. All '.text' and '.text.*' from all files except for 'somefile.o',
   2. All '.text' from all files except 'somefile.o', and all '.text.*'
   sections from all files.

It turns out that the second interpretation is correct, but the manual
does not make this clear (to me at least).  Hopefully this patch makes
things clearer.


	* ld/ld.texinfo (Input Section Basics): Expand the description of
 ld/ChangeLog  |  5 +++++
 ld/ld.texinfo | 15 +++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 20 insertions(+)

diff --git a/ld/ld.texinfo b/ld/ld.texinfo
index 5944b12..1303a0e 100644
--- a/ld/ld.texinfo
+++ b/ld/ld.texinfo
@@ -4214,6 +4214,21 @@
 @samp{.text} input sections will appear first, followed by all
 @samp{.rdata} input sections.
+When using EXCLUDE_FILE with more than one section, the exclusion only
+applies to the section immediately following, for example:
+*(EXCLUDE_FILE (*somefile.o) .text .rdata)
+@end smallexample
+will cause all @samp{.text} sections from all files except
+@file{somefile.o} to be included, while all @samp{.rdata} sections
+from all files, including @file{somefile.o}, will be included.  To
+exclude the @samp{.rdata} sections from @file{somefile.o} the example
+should be modified to:
+*(EXCLUDE_FILE (*somefile.o) .text EXCLUDE_FILE (*somefile.o) .rdata)
+@end smallexample
 You can specify a file name to include sections from a particular file.
 You would do this if one or more of your files contain special data that
 needs to be at a particular location in memory.  For example:

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