powepc64le gold linking problem

Jay Foad jay.foad@gmail.com
Mon Nov 24 13:35:00 GMT 2014


On 24 November 2014 at 12:15, Alan Modra <amodra@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 24, 2014 at 11:02:41AM +0000, Jay Foad wrote:
>> Hi,
>>
>> I'm trying to investigate a problem with gold on powerpc64le linux. I
>> have a large test program which I can link and run successfully with
>> ld.bfd, but if I link with ld.gold the test segfaults in a plt stub
>> because r2 is not set up correctly. I have tracked it down to a call
>> to _ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev, where it looks like r2 was not set up
>> correctly.
>>
>> The calling code looks like:
>>
>>  2cc:   01 00 00 48     bl      2cc
>> <_ZN45AddressSanitizer_InternalSimpleDeathTest_Test8TestBodyEv+0x2cc>
>>                         2cc: R_PPC64_REL24      _ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev
>>
>> The callee, in a different module, has:
>>
>> 0000000000000000 g     F .text._ZN7testing8internal2RED2Ev
>> 0000000000000080 _ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev
>> 0000000000000000 g     F .text._ZN7testing8internal2RED2Ev
>> 0000000000000080 0x60 _ZN7testing8internal2RED2Ev
>>
>> Disassembly of section .text._ZN7testing8internal2RED2Ev:
>>
>> 0000000000000000 <_ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev>:
>>    0:   00 00 4c 3c     addis   r2,r12,0
>>                         0: R_PPC64_REL16_HA     .TOC.
>>    4:   00 00 42 38     addi    r2,r2,0
>>                         4: R_PPC64_REL16_LO     .TOC.+0x4
>>    8:   a6 02 08 7c     mflr    r0
>>    c:   f8 ff e1 fb     std     r31,-8(r1)
>> ...
>>
>> After linking with gold, I can see that the call is a bl directly to
>> the global entry point, which is wrong, isn't it?
>
> Yes.
>
>> 000000001002de34 g     F .text  0000000000000080
>> _ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev
>> 000000001002de34 g     F .text  0000000000000080              0x60
>> _ZN7testing8internal2RED2Ev
>> ...
>> 000000001002de34 <_ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev>:
>>     1002de34:   13 00 4c 3c     addis   r2,r12,19
>>     1002de38:   84 aa 42 38     addi    r2,r2,-21884
>>     1002de3c:   a6 02 08 7c     mflr    r0
>>     1002de40:   f8 ff e1 fb     std     r31,-8(r1)
>> ...
>>     100425f8:   3d b8 fe 4b     bl      1002de34 <_ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev>
>>
>> It seems a bit suspicious that there are two symbols
>> (_ZN7testing8internal2RED1Ev and _ZN7testing8internal2RED2Ev) with the
>> same address, but only one of them has st_other set to indicate that
>> the local entry point is two instructions past the global antry point.
>
> According to http://www.codesourcery.com/cxx-abi/abi.html#mangling the
> D1 symbol is a complete object destructor and the D2 symbol is a base
> object destructor.  If they happen to be the same function, then they
> should have the same st_other bits.  So how did that occur?

Ah. The .o file containing those desctructors was generated by Clang,
and it only has that problem (differening st_other bits) when it's
using its integrated assembler. I shall report this to the LLVM
people.

> You say
> ld.bfd links the project OK, so presumably the object defining the
> callee was linked with a ld -r stage.  Is that correct?

No, it was generated by clang -c.

> (If not, I
> don't see how ld.bfd would link the object OK.)

Well somehow it manages to. Maybe it's something to do with this code
in ppc64_elf_branch_reloc (in bfd/elf64-ppc.c):

      elf_symbol_type *elfsym = (elf_symbol_type *) symbol;

      if (symbol->section->owner != abfd
          && abiversion (symbol->section->owner) >= 2)
        {
          unsigned int i;

          for (i = 0; i < symbol->section->owner->symcount; ++i)
            {
              asymbol *symdef = symbol->section->owner->outsymbols[i];

              if (strcmp (symdef->name, symbol->name) == 0)
                {
                  elfsym = (elf_symbol_type *) symdef;
                  break;
                }
            }
        }
      reloc_entry->addend
        += PPC64_LOCAL_ENTRY_OFFSET (elfsym->internal_elf_sym.st_other);

I don't understand the purpose of this code, but it looks like it
might be intentionally using the st_other bits from a different
symbol.

Thanks for your help!
Jay.



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