Help needed - defining the output section order

Simon Kissel scamp@untergrund.net
Mon Aug 22 13:35:00 GMT 2005


Hi Nick,

NC> Plus what you probably really want to do is to find out the default
NC> script used by the linker (by running ld --verbose) and then take the
NC> SECTIONS command from there and merge in your fpc.* sections. The
NC> SECTIONS command in the default script will probably be a lot more
NC> comprehensive than the one that you are currently using.

What I now tried was to simply take the internal linker script
displayed using --verbose and put it at the end (also tried at the
beginning) of my linker script.

The interesting part is now that ld chokes on the exact same script
it uses internally (at least it says so), when it gets fed with it
from the outside:

SECTIONS
{
  /* Read-only sections, merged into text segment: */
  PROVIDE (__executable_start = 0x08048000); . = 0x08048000 + SIZEOF_HEADERS;
  .interp         : { *(.interp) }
  .hash           : { *(.hash) }
  .dynsym         : { *(.dynsym) }
  .dynstr         : { *(.dynstr) }
  .gnu.version    : { *(.gnu.version) }
  .gnu.version_d  : { *(.gnu.version_d) }
  .gnu.version_r  : { *(.gnu.version_r) }
  .rel.dyn        :
    {
      *(.rel.init)
      *(.rel.text .rel.text.* .rel.gnu.linkonce.t.*)
      *(.rel.fini)
      *(.rel.rodata .rel.rodata.* .rel.gnu.linkonce.r.*)
      *(.rel.data.rel.ro*)
      *(.rel.data .rel.data.* .rel.gnu.linkonce.d.*)
      *(.rel.tdata .rel.tdata.* .rel.gnu.linkonce.td.*)
      *(.rel.tbss .rel.tbss.* .rel.gnu.linkonce.tb.*)
      *(.rel.ctors)
      *(.rel.dtors)
      *(.rel.got)
      *(.rel.bss .rel.bss.* .rel.gnu.linkonce.b.*)
    }
  .rela.dyn       :
    {
      *(.rela.init)
      *(.rela.text .rela.text.* .rela.gnu.linkonce.t.*)
      *(.rela.fini)
      *(.rela.rodata .rela.rodata.* .rela.gnu.linkonce.r.*)
      *(.rela.data .rela.data.* .rela.gnu.linkonce.d.*)
      *(.rela.tdata .rela.tdata.* .rela.gnu.linkonce.td.*)
      *(.rela.tbss .rela.tbss.* .rela.gnu.linkonce.tb.*)
      *(.rela.ctors)
      *(.rela.dtors)
      *(.rela.got)
      *(.rela.bss .rela.bss.* .rela.gnu.linkonce.b.*)
    }
  .rel.plt        : { *(.rel.plt) }
  .rela.plt       : { *(.rela.plt) }
  .init           :
  {
    KEEP (*(.init))
  } =0x90909090
  .plt            : { *(.plt) }
  .text           :
  {
    *(.text .stub .text.* .gnu.linkonce.t.*)
    KEEP (*(.text.*personality*))
    /* .gnu.warning sections are handled specially by elf32.em.  */
    *(.gnu.warning)
  } =0x90909090
  .fini           :
  {
    KEEP (*(.fini))
  } =0x90909090
  PROVIDE (__etext = .);
  PROVIDE (_etext = .);
  PROVIDE (etext = .);
  .rodata         : { *(.rodata .rodata.* .gnu.linkonce.r.*) }
  .rodata1        : { *(.rodata1) }
  .eh_frame_hdr : { *(.eh_frame_hdr) }
  .eh_frame       : ONLY_IF_RO { KEEP (*(.eh_frame)) }
  .gcc_except_table   : ONLY_IF_RO { KEEP (*(.gcc_except_table)) *(.gcc_except_table.*) }
  /* Adjust the address for the data segment.  We want to adjust up to
     the same address within the page on the next page up.  */
  . = ALIGN (0x1000) - ((0x1000 - .) & (0x1000 - 1)); . = DATA_SEGMENT_ALIGN (0x1000, 0x1000);
  /* Exception handling  */
  .eh_frame       : ONLY_IF_RW { KEEP (*(.eh_frame)) }
  .gcc_except_table   : ONLY_IF_RW { KEEP (*(.gcc_except_table)) *(.gcc_except_table.*) }
  /* Thread Local Storage sections  */
  .tdata          : { *(.tdata .tdata.* .gnu.linkonce.td.*) }
  .tbss           : { *(.tbss .tbss.* .gnu.linkonce.tb.*) *(.tcommon) }
  /* Ensure the __preinit_array_start label is properly aligned.  We
     could instead move the label definition inside the section, but
     the linker would then create the section even if it turns out to
     be empty, which isn't pretty.  */
  . = ALIGN(32 / 8);
  PROVIDE (__preinit_array_start = .);
  .preinit_array     : { KEEP (*(.preinit_array)) }
  PROVIDE (__preinit_array_end = .);
  PROVIDE (__init_array_start = .);
  .init_array     : { KEEP (*(.init_array)) }
  PROVIDE (__init_array_end = .);
  PROVIDE (__fini_array_start = .);
  .fini_array     : { KEEP (*(.fini_array)) }
  PROVIDE (__fini_array_end = .);
  .ctors          :
  {
    /* gcc uses crtbegin.o to find the start of
       the constructors, so we make sure it is
       first.  Because this is a wildcard, it
       doesn't matter if the user does not
       actually link against crtbegin.o; the
       linker won't look for a file to match a
       wildcard.  The wildcard also means that it
       doesn't matter which directory crtbegin.o
       is in.  */
    KEEP (*crtbegin*.o(.ctors))
    /* We don't want to include the .ctor section from
       from the crtend.o file until after the sorted ctors.
       The .ctor section from the crtend file contains the
       end of ctors marker and it must be last */
    KEEP (*(EXCLUDE_FILE (*crtend*.o ) .ctors))
    KEEP (*(SORT(.ctors.*)))
    KEEP (*(.ctors))
  }
  .dtors          :
  {
    KEEP (*crtbegin*.o(.dtors))
    KEEP (*(EXCLUDE_FILE (*crtend*.o ) .dtors))
    KEEP (*(SORT(.dtors.*)))
    KEEP (*(.dtors))
  }
  .jcr            : { KEEP (*(.jcr)) }
  .data.rel.ro : { *(.data.rel.ro.local) *(.data.rel.ro*) }
  .dynamic        : { *(.dynamic) }
  .got            : { *(.got) }
  . = DATA_SEGMENT_RELRO_END (12, .);
  .got.plt        : { *(.got.plt) }
  .data           :
  {
    *(.data .data.* .gnu.linkonce.d.*)
    KEEP (*(.gnu.linkonce.d.*personality*))
    SORT(CONSTRUCTORS)
  }
  .data1          : { *(.data1) }
  _edata = .;
  PROVIDE (edata = .);
  __bss_start = .;
  .bss            :
  {
   *(.dynbss)
   *(.bss .bss.* .gnu.linkonce.b.*)
   *(COMMON)
   /* Align here to ensure that the .bss section occupies space up to
      _end.  Align after .bss to ensure correct alignment even if the
      .bss section disappears because there are no input sections.  */
   . = ALIGN(32 / 8);
  }
  . = ALIGN(32 / 8);
  _end = .;
  PROVIDE (end = .);
  . = DATA_SEGMENT_END (.);
  /* Stabs debugging sections.  */
  .stab          0 : { *(.stab) }
  .stabstr       0 : { *(.stabstr) }
  .stab.excl     0 : { *(.stab.excl) }
  .stab.exclstr  0 : { *(.stab.exclstr) }
  .stab.index    0 : { *(.stab.index) }
  .stab.indexstr 0 : { *(.stab.indexstr) }
  .comment       0 : { *(.comment) }
  /* DWARF debug sections.
     Symbols in the DWARF debugging sections are relative to the beginning
     of the section so we begin them at 0.  */
  /* DWARF 1 */
  .debug          0 : { *(.debug) }
  .line           0 : { *(.line) }
  /* GNU DWARF 1 extensions */
  .debug_srcinfo  0 : { *(.debug_srcinfo) }
  .debug_sfnames  0 : { *(.debug_sfnames) }
  /* DWARF 1.1 and DWARF 2 */
  .debug_aranges  0 : { *(.debug_aranges) }
  .debug_pubnames 0 : { *(.debug_pubnames) }
  /* DWARF 2 */
  .debug_info     0 : { *(.debug_info .gnu.linkonce.wi.*) }
  .debug_abbrev   0 : { *(.debug_abbrev) }
  .debug_line     0 : { *(.debug_line) }
  .debug_frame    0 : { *(.debug_frame) }
  .debug_str      0 : { *(.debug_str) }
  .debug_loc      0 : { *(.debug_loc) }
  .debug_macinfo  0 : { *(.debug_macinfo) }
  /* SGI/MIPS DWARF 2 extensions */
  .debug_weaknames 0 : { *(.debug_weaknames) }
  .debug_funcnames 0 : { *(.debug_funcnames) }
  .debug_typenames 0 : { *(.debug_typenames) }
  .debug_varnames  0 : { *(.debug_varnames) }
  /DISCARD/ : { *(.note.GNU-stack) }
}

And LD reports "invalid assignment to location counter" on the line
that follows the last }.

I think I'm in need for a little more help here :)

(Also, I still would love to hear an alternative solution that does
not require the compiler to generate all LD default scripts for each
platform itself - this sounds like the direct way to version hell).

Simon




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