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Re: Official Linux system wrapper library?
- From: Dave Martin <Dave dot Martin at arm dot com>
- To: Daniel Colascione <dancol at google dot com>
- Cc: Florian Weimer <fweimer at redhat dot com>, "Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk dot manpages at gmail dot com>, linux-kernel <linux-kernel at vger dot kernel dot org>, Joel Fernandes <joelaf at google dot com>, Linux API <linux-api at vger dot kernel dot org>, Willy Tarreau <w at 1wt dot eu>, Vlastimil Babka <vbabka at suse dot cz>, Carlos O'Donell <carlos at redhat dot com>, "libc-alpha at sourceware dot org" <libc-alpha at sourceware dot org>
- Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 19:39:01 +0000
- Subject: Re: Official Linux system wrapper library?
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On Mon, Nov 12, 2018 at 05:19:14AM -0800, Daniel Colascione wrote:
> We can learn something from how Windows does things. On that system,
> what we think of as "libc" is actually two parts. (More, actually, but
> I'm simplifying.) At the lowest level, you have the semi-documented
> ntdll.dll, which contains raw system call wrappers and arcane
> kernel-userland glue. On top of ntdll live the "real" libc
> (msvcrt.dll, kernel32.dll, etc.) that provide conventional
> application-level glue. The tight integration between ntdll.dll and
> the kernel allows Windows to do very impressive things. (For example,
> on x86_64, Windows has no 32-bit ABI as far as the kernel is
> concerned! You can still run 32-bit programs though, and that works
> via ntdll.dll essentially shimming every system call and switching the
> processor between long and compatibility mode as needed.) Normally,
> you'd use the higher-level capabilities, but if you need something in
> ntdll (e.g., if you're Cygwin) nothing stops your calling into the
> lower-level system facilities directly. ntdll is tightly bound to the
> kernel; the higher-level libc, not so.
> We should adopt a similar approach. Shipping a lower-level
> "liblinux.so" tightly bound to the kernel would not only let the
> kernel bypass glibc's "editorial discretion" in exposing new
> facilities to userspace, but would also allow for tighter user-kernel
> integration that one can achieve with a simplistic syscall(2)-style
> escape hatch. (For example, for a long time now, I've wanted to go
> beyond POSIX and improve the system's signal handling API, and this
> improvement requires userspace cooperation.) The vdso is probably too
> small and simplistic to serve in this role; I'd want a real library.
Can you expand on your reasoning here?
Playing devil's advocate:
If the library is just exposing the syscall interface, I don't see
why it _couldn't_ fit into the vdso (or something vdso-like).
If a separate library, I'd be concerned that it would accumulate
value-add bloat over time, and the kernel ABI may start to creep since
most software wouldn't invoke the kernel directly any more. Even if
it's maintained in the kernel tree, its existence as an apparently
standalone component may encourage forking, leading to a potential
The vdso approach would mean we can guarantee that the library is
available and up to date at runtime, and may make it easier to keep
what's in it down to sane essentials.