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Re: Will therefore GDB utilize C++ or not?
Tom> I think this relies on the idea that the C++ runtime dependency is
Tom> unavoidably very heavy. And, in earlier discussions on the Archer list,
Tom> I agreed with this idea without giving it too much thought.
Tom> But, that seems to me to be an empirical question. We could measure the
Today I built gdbserver a number of different ways.
In particular, I applied a few hacks, disabled all warnings, and used
-fpermissive, so that I could build it with g++ as well.
I'm appending my script, I can send the various hacks too if anybody
needs them. They were trivial though.
Here's the results. I did all builds on an x86-64 F16 box. For g++ I
used -static-libstdc++; though it shouldn't pull in very much right now.
I used a trunk gcc from today, since F16 doesn't apparently package
libstdc++.a, but earlier runs with the system compiler were roughly
similar. I threw in -fexceptions since I was curious what would happen.
344064 g++ -O2
331776 gcc -fexceptions -O2
331776 gcc -O2
311296 g++ -flto -O2
303104 g++ -Os
303104 gcc -flto -fexceptions -O2
303104 gcc -flto -O2
290816 gcc -fexceptions -Os
290816 gcc -Os
278528 g++ -flto -Os
270336 gcc -flto -fexceptions -Os
270336 gcc -flto -Os
First, clearly, if you care about size you should be using -flto -Os.
This is a clear win. Our default of -O2 is much worse.
Second, g++ induces very little bloat on the current code base.
It is about 3%.
Now, I realize this is not necessarily indicative of the ultimate size
increase. "Zero-cost" exceptions do in fact have a cost in the size of
the executable. I failed to easily build an SJLJ compiler, so I didn't
try to do any measurements of this.
This process did discover a bad "return 1" in the middle of
ax.c:gdb_eval_agent_expr. I think it should return
for comp in gcc g++; do
if test $comp = gcc; then
for base in '' -flto; do
for exc in '' -fexceptions; do
if test $comp = g++ && test x$exc = x-fexceptions; then
for opts in -O2 -Os; do
flags=$(echo $base $exc $opts)
echo ===== $flags
make CC="$cc" CFLAGS="$flags" WARN_CFLAGS= WERROR_CFLAGS= $compflags gdbserver
f2=$(echo $comp $flags | sed -e 's/ /_/g')
cp gdbserver gdbserver-$f2