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Malformed phdrs in separated debuginfo

On 02/12/2014 01:36 PM, Mark Wielaard wrote:
> On Wed, 2014-02-12 at 13:14 +0100, Florian Weimer wrote:
>> Here's the original issue I ran into: Separate debugging information,
>> for example the file /usr/lib/debug/usr/lib64/ in
>> package glibc-debuginfo-2.18-12.fc20.x86_64, often contains garbage as
>> the program interpreter:
>> $ eu-readelf -a /usr/lib/debug/usr/lib64/ | grep
>> Requesting | xxd
>> 0000000: 095b 5265 7175 6573 7469 6e67 2070 726f  .[Requesting pro
>> 0000010: 6772 616d 2069 6e74 6572 7072 6574 6572  gram interpreter
>> 0000020: 3a20 0608 bf14 5d0a                      : ....].
>> Is this a known issue with debuginfo separation?  Should I report this
>> somewhere?
> Aha. Yeah, the issue is that the phdr doesn't really make sense for a
> separate debuginfo file. It isn't really a loadable ELF file. Only the
> shdrs make sense, since the debuginfo sections are accessed through. In
> theory [eu]-strip could just remove the phdrs, but some tools do expect
> them to be there and we do sometimes use them to make sure the original
> (stripped) ELF file and the debug file match (eu-unstrip will only
> reconstruct the original ELF file, putting the debuginfo back in, if the
> phdrs match up for example).
> If you look with eu-readelf -l you'll see the mapping form phdr segments
> (which would be how an ELF file is mapped into memory) to the shdr
> sections. e.g.
> Program Headers:
>    Type           Offset   VirtAddr           PhysAddr           FileSiz
> MemSiz   Flg Align
>    PHDR           0x000040 0x00000033c8e00040 0x00000033c8e00040 0x0001f8
> 0x0001f8 R E 0x8
>    INTERP         0x001a50 0x00000033c8e01a50 0x00000033c8e01a50 0x00001c
> 0x00001c R   0x10
> 	[Requesting program interpreter: /lib64/]
> [...]
>   Section to Segment mapping:
>    Segment Sections...
>     00
>     01      [RO: .interp]
> [...]
> The problem in the .debug file is that the sections on disk that map to
> loadable segments have been replaced with NOBITS. eu-readelf -S on the
> debug file will give:
> [16] .interp              NOBITS       0000000000001a50 00000280
> 0000001c  0 A      0   0 16
> But when eu-readelf tries to display the content of the PT_INTERP
> segment it doesn't know that, so it tries to print the content anyway.
> Separate debuginfo files stretch the ELF concept a little. I'll have to
> think about how to handle this nicely and/or how we can detect that the
> phdrs aren't to be trusted in this case.

Is there a reliable way to recognize separate debugging information? 
Then I could avoid extracting data from phdrs.

Florian Weimer / Red Hat Product Security Team

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