This is the mail archive of the mailing list for the glibc project.

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]
Other format: [Raw text]

[PATCH] nptl: Avoid fork handler lock for async-signal-safe fork [BZ #24161]

Commit 27761a1042daf01987e7d79636d0c41511c6df3c ("Refactor atfork
handlers") introduced a lock, atfork_lock, around fork handler list
accesses.  It turns out that this lock occasionally results in
self-deadlocks in malloc/tst-mallocfork2:

(gdb) bt
#0  __lll_lock_wait_private ()
    at ../sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/x86_64/lowlevellock.S:63
#1  0x00007f160c6f927a in __run_fork_handlers (who=(unknown: 209394016),
    who@entry=atfork_run_prepare) at register-atfork.c:116
#2  0x00007f160c6b7897 in __libc_fork () at ../sysdeps/nptl/fork.c:58
#3  0x00000000004027d6 in sigusr1_handler (signo=<optimized out>)
    at tst-mallocfork2.c:80
#4  sigusr1_handler (signo=<optimized out>) at tst-mallocfork2.c:64
#5  <signal handler called>
#6  0x00007f160c6f92e4 in __run_fork_handlers (who=who@entry=atfork_run_parent)
    at register-atfork.c:136
#7  0x00007f160c6b79a2 in __libc_fork () at ../sysdeps/nptl/fork.c:152
#8  0x0000000000402567 in do_test () at tst-mallocfork2.c:156
#9  0x0000000000402dd2 in support_test_main (argc=1, argv=0x7ffc81ef1ab0,
    config=config@entry=0x7ffc81ef1970) at support_test_main.c:350
#10 0x0000000000402362 in main (argc=<optimized out>, argv=<optimized out>)
    at ../support/test-driver.c:168

If no locking happens in the single-threaded case (where fork is
expected to be async-signal-safe), this deadlock is avoided.
(pthread_atfork is not required to be async-signal-safe, so a fork
call from a signal handler interrupting pthread_atfork is not
a problem.)

2019-02-04  Florian Weimer  <>

	[BZ #24161]
	* sysdeps/nptl/fork.h (__run_fork_handlers): Add multiple_threads
	* nptl/register-atfork.c (__run_fork_handlers): Only perform
	locking if the new multiple_threads argument is true.
	* sysdeps/nptl/fork.c (__libc_fork): Pass multiple_threads to

diff --git a/nptl/register-atfork.c b/nptl/register-atfork.c
index bc797b761a..7759d50bd0 100644
--- a/nptl/register-atfork.c
+++ b/nptl/register-atfork.c
@@ -107,13 +107,14 @@ __unregister_atfork (void *dso_handle)
-__run_fork_handlers (enum __run_fork_handler_type who)
+__run_fork_handlers (enum __run_fork_handler_type who, _Bool multiple_threads)
   struct fork_handler *runp;
   if (who == atfork_run_prepare)
-      lll_lock (atfork_lock, LLL_PRIVATE);
+      if (multiple_threads)
+	lll_lock (atfork_lock, LLL_PRIVATE);
       size_t sl = fork_handler_list_size (&fork_handlers);
       for (size_t i = sl; i > 0; i--)
@@ -133,7 +134,8 @@ __run_fork_handlers (enum __run_fork_handler_type who)
 	  else if (who == atfork_run_parent && runp->parent_handler)
 	    runp->parent_handler ();
-      lll_unlock (atfork_lock, LLL_PRIVATE);
+      if (multiple_threads)
+	lll_unlock (atfork_lock, LLL_PRIVATE);
diff --git a/sysdeps/nptl/fork.c b/sysdeps/nptl/fork.c
index bd68f18b45..14b69a6f89 100644
--- a/sysdeps/nptl/fork.c
+++ b/sysdeps/nptl/fork.c
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ __libc_fork (void)
      but our current fork implementation is not.  */
   bool multiple_threads = THREAD_GETMEM (THREAD_SELF, header.multiple_threads);
-  __run_fork_handlers (atfork_run_prepare);
+  __run_fork_handlers (atfork_run_prepare, multiple_threads);
   /* If we are not running multiple threads, we do not have to
      preserve lock state.  If fork runs from a signal handler, only
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ __libc_fork (void)
       __rtld_lock_initialize (GL(dl_load_lock));
       /* Run the handlers registered for the child.  */
-      __run_fork_handlers (atfork_run_child);
+      __run_fork_handlers (atfork_run_child, multiple_threads);
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ __libc_fork (void)
       /* Run the handlers registered for the parent.  */
-      __run_fork_handlers (atfork_run_parent);
+      __run_fork_handlers (atfork_run_parent, multiple_threads);
   return pid;
diff --git a/sysdeps/nptl/fork.h b/sysdeps/nptl/fork.h
index a1c3b26b68..e52b814e99 100644
--- a/sysdeps/nptl/fork.h
+++ b/sysdeps/nptl/fork.h
@@ -52,9 +52,11 @@ enum __run_fork_handler_type
    - atfork_run_child: run all the CHILD_HANDLER and unlocks the internal
    - atfork_run_parent: run all the PARENT_HANDLER and unlocks the internal
-			lock.  */
-extern void __run_fork_handlers (enum __run_fork_handler_type who)
-  attribute_hidden;
+			lock.
+   Skip locking if !MULTIPLE_THREADS.  */
+extern void __run_fork_handlers (enum __run_fork_handler_type who,
+				 _Bool multiple_threads) attribute_hidden;
 /* C library side function to register new fork handlers.  */
 extern int __register_atfork (void (*__prepare) (void),

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]