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RFC: fixing ldbl-128ibm round-to-integer functions for non-default rounding modes

The ldbl-128ibm implementations of ceill, floorl, roundl and truncl
produce incorrect results and spurious overflow exceptions in
non-default rounding modes.  In the case of floorl, over 1000
test-ldouble failures for other functions (mainly powl) arise from the

Unlike some such issues, these issues can readily be fixed without
involving any temporary changes of rounding mode (such modification of
floating-point state being known to involve performance problems).
The patch below for floorl illustrates the approach.  The existing
function implementations are overly complicated, rounding high and low
parts to nearest integers and then adjusting for the semantics of the
function being implemented.  But actually, for floor you can take the
floor of the high part - note that __floor has an optimized inline
version for newer processors that can be used.  If the high part is
not an integer, the floor of the high part is the desired answer; if
the high part is an integer, you take the floor of the low part.  In
the latter case you need to recanonicalize the result in case the low
part was negative and taking its floor increased its exponent, but
this can only produce a restricted set of noncanonical values that are
easy to canonicalize in a way that works in all rounding modes.

Any comments on this as an approach for fixing these issues for ceill,
floorl, roundl and truncl (all functions can be fixed in similar
ways)?  Are there things that could be implemented in a different way
to improve performance?  I think that with such fixes plus allowing
spurious underflow and inexact exceptions for ldbl-128ibm, and a real
fmal implementation, we should be able to get to the point where the
number of test failures arising from libgcc issues that can't be fixed
without significant performance cost is small enough that they can be
marked xfail-rounding:ldbl-128ibm to allow test-ldouble to pass.

Fix ldbl-128ibm floorl for non-default rounding modes (bug 17899).

The ldbl-128ibm implementation of floorl is only correct in
round-to-nearest mode (in other modes, there are incorrect results and
overflow exceptions in some cases going beyond the incorrect signs of
zero results noted in bug 17899).  It is also unnecessarily
complicated, rounding both high and low parts to the nearest integer
and then adjusting for the semantics of floor, when it seems more
natural to take the floor of the high part (__floor optimized inline
versions can be used), and that of the low part if the high part is an
integer.  This patch makes it use that simpler approach, with a
canonicalization that works in all rounding modes (given that the only
way the result can be noncanonical is if taking the floor of a
negative noninteger low part increased its exponent).

Tested for powerpc, where over a thousand failures are removed from
test-ldouble.out (floorl problems affect many powl tests).

2015-12-09  Joseph Myers  <>

	[BZ #17899]
	* sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/math_ldbl.h (ldbl_canonicalize_int):
	New function.
	* sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/s_floorl.c (__floorl): Use __floor
	on high and low parts then use ldbl_canonicalize_int if needed.

diff --git a/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/math_ldbl.h b/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/math_ldbl.h
index 051352f..625ce00 100644
--- a/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/math_ldbl.h
+++ b/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/math_ldbl.h
@@ -230,3 +230,36 @@ ldbl_nearbyint (double a)
   return a;
+/* Canonicalize a result from an integer rounding function, in any
+   rounding mode.  *A and *AA are finite and integers, with *A being
+   nonzero; if the result is not already canonical, *AA is plus or
+   minus a power of 2 that does not exceed the least set bit in
+   *A.  */
+static inline void
+ldbl_canonicalize_int (double *a, double *aa)
+  int64_t ax, aax;
+  EXTRACT_WORDS64 (ax, *a);
+  EXTRACT_WORDS64 (aax, *aa);
+  int expdiff = ((ax >> 52) & 0x7ff) - ((aax >> 52) & 0x7ff);
+  if (expdiff <= 53)
+    {
+      if (expdiff == 53)
+	{
+	  /* Half way between two double values; noncanonical iff the
+	     low bit of A's mantissa is 1.  */
+	  if ((ax & 1) != 0)
+	    {
+	      *a += 2 * *aa;
+	      *aa = -*aa;
+	    }
+	}
+      else
+	{
+	  /* The sum can be represented in a single double.  */
+	  *a += *aa;
+	  *aa = 0;
+	}
+    }
diff --git a/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/s_floorl.c b/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/s_floorl.c
index c911f19..c5973c6 100644
--- a/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/s_floorl.c
+++ b/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-128ibm/s_floorl.c
@@ -35,35 +35,22 @@ __floorl (long double x)
 			&& __builtin_isless (__builtin_fabs (xh),
 					     __builtin_inf ()), 1))
-      /* Long double arithmetic, including the canonicalisation below,
-	 only works in round-to-nearest mode.  */
-      /* Convert the high double to integer.  */
-      hi = ldbl_nearbyint (xh);
-      /* Subtract integral high part from the value.  */
-      xh -= hi;
-      ldbl_canonicalize (&xh, &xl);
-      /* Now convert the low double, adjusted for any remainder from the
-         high double.  */
-      lo = ldbl_nearbyint (xh);
-      /* Adjust the result when the remainder is non-zero.  nearbyint
-         rounds values to the nearest integer, and values halfway
-         between integers to the nearest even integer.  floorl must
-         round towards -Inf.  */
-      xh -= lo;
-      ldbl_canonicalize (&xh, &xl);
-      if (xh < 0.0 || (xh == 0.0 && xl < 0.0))
-	lo += -1.0;
-      /* Ensure the final value is canonical.  In certain cases,
-         rounding causes hi,lo calculated so far to be non-canonical.  */
-      xh = hi;
-      xl = lo;
-      ldbl_canonicalize (&xh, &xl);
+      hi = __floor (xh);
+      if (hi != xh)
+	{
+	  /* The high part is not an integer; the low part does not
+	     affect the result.  */
+	  xh = hi;
+	  xl = 0;
+	}
+      else
+	{
+	  /* The high part is a nonzero integer.  */
+	  lo = __floor (xl);
+	  xh = hi;
+	  xl = lo;
+	  ldbl_canonicalize_int (&xh, &xl);
+	}
   return ldbl_pack (xh, xl);

Joseph S. Myers

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