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Re: random number generators - rand(), random(), etc

Eric Rannaud <e <at>> writes:

> On Fri, Nov 7, 2014 at 12:07 PM, jb <jb.1234abcd <at>> wrote:
> > But, if they share the *single instance* of the generator, does it not make
> > both of them non-reentrant and non-threadsafe since they share a state (it
> > might be e.g. a seed value) that is modified on each call by one of them ?
> They are thread-safe, actually. But not reentrant. As per the man
> pages. See rand_r() and random_r() for reentrant versions.

  The function rand() is not reentrant or thread-safe, since it uses hidâ
  den state that is modified on each call.  This might just be  the  seed
  value to be used by the next call, or it might be something more elaboâ
  rate.  In order to get reproducible behavior in a threaded application,
  this  state must be made explicit; this can be done using the reentrant
  function rand_r().

     The   function   rand_r()   is   from   POSIX.1-2001.
     POSIX.1-2008 marks rand_r() as obsolete.
    (...) rand()  implementations (...)   
    Do  not use this function in applications intended to be
    portable when good randomness is needed.  (Use random(3) instead.)

- pthread(7) - the function random() is listed as threadsafe.
- random(3)
  Multithreading (see pthreads(7))
       The random(), srandom(),  initstate(),  and  setstate()  functions
       are thread-safe.

Well, what function(s) are available in Linux glibc that would be safe to
use where requirement for threadsafety and/or reentrancy were important ?


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