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[email@example.com: [PATCH]: Bug in ppc32 ld.so]
- From: Anton Blanchard <anton at samba dot org>
- To: libc-alpha at sources dot redhat dot com
- Cc: geoffk at geoffk dot org
- Date: Mon, 15 Jul 2002 13:58:09 -0700
- Subject: [firstname.lastname@example.org: [PATCH]: Bug in ppc32 ld.so]
Ive since discussed this issue with one of the cpu architects and
I was warned that the cpu can speculatively prefetch into the "icache
coherent" area. This will pull stuff into the icache and will therefore
not be coherent with the dcache.
We really need to do the whole dcbst...icbi sequence whenever we
modify code. (In order to offset some of the cost we could start
using the cache linesize we pass in from the kernel via an ELF AUX
----- Forwarded message from Anton Blanchard <email@example.com> -----
I tracked down why SDET on recent 2.4 and 2.5 kernels sometimes SEGVs.
This happens mostly on RS64, probably due to its large icache.
ld.so tries to optimise away a series of icbis:
/* Now, we've modified code. We need to write the changes from
the data cache to a second-level unified cache, then make
sure that stale data in the instruction cache is removed.
(In a multiprocessor system, the effect is more complex.)
Most of the PLT shouldn't be in the instruction cache, but
there may be a little overlap at the start and the end.
It dcbst's the entire range but only icbi's the first and last
cachelines. This is clearly invalid, the kernel does not have to
icache synchronise a zero filled page when handing it out to a process,
yet this is exactly what the above behaviour relies on.
Finding this bug was difficult because ld.so did do the dcbst's. So you
could never get an invalid instruction in the icache, just a stale one.
And since it was in the PLT which was always in the same spot, we would
jump through a stale branch in the PLT to the wrong function. Weird
symptoms result :)
I'll submit a patch to the libc guys.
In other news I'll test out enforcing execute permission on 64 bit
binaries, hopefully we can flush out any places we execute out of areas
not marked executable. Lets catch them before it all gets cast in stone.
--- glibc-2.2.5/sysdeps/powerpc/dl-machine.c~ Sun Sep 9 07:21:34 2001
+++ glibc-2.2.5/sysdeps/powerpc/dl-machine.c Fri May 10 12:58:04 2002
@@ -311,7 +311,8 @@
PPC_DCBST (plt + i);
PPC_DCBST (plt + size_modified - 1);
- PPC_ICBI (plt);
+ for (i = 0; i < size_modified; i += 4)
+ PPC_ICBI (plt + i);
PPC_ICBI (plt + size_modified - 1);
@@ -534,5 +535,5 @@
- MODIFIED_CODE_NOQUEUE (reloc_addr);
+ MODIFIED_CODE (reloc_addr);
----- End forwarded message -----