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Re: [PATCH 2/4] dwarf2-frame.c: Fix FDE processing bug involving non-contiguous ranges

On 6/8/19 8:54 PM, Kevin Buettner wrote:
> In the course of revising the test case for
> gdb.dwarf2/dw2-ranges-func.exp, I added a new .c file which would
> cause the "cold" range to be at a higher address than the rest of the
> function.  In these tests, the range in question isn't really cold in
> the sense that a compiler has determined that it'll be executed less
> frequently.  Instead, it's simply the range that does not include the
> entry pc.  These tests are intended to mimic the output of such a
> compiler, so I'll continue to refer to this range as "cold" in the
> following discussion.
> The original test case had only tested a cold range placed
> at lower addresses than the rest of the function.  During testing of the
> new code where the cold range was placed at higher addresses, I found
> that I could produce the following backtrace:
>     (gdb) bt
>     #0  0x0000000000401138 in baz ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-hi-cold.c:72
>     #1  0x0000000000401131 in foo_cold ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-hi-cold.c:64
>     #2  0x000000000040111e in foo ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-hi-cold.c:50
>     #3  0x0000000000401144 in main ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-hi-cold.c:78
> This is correct, except that we'd like to see foo() listed instead
> of foo_cold().  (I handle that problem in another patch.)
> Now look at what happens for a similar backtrace where the cold range
> is at a lower address than the foo's entry pc:
>     (gdb) bt
>     #0  0x000000000040110a in baz ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-lo-cold.c:48
>     #1  0x0000000000401116 in foo ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-lo-cold.c:54
>     #2  0x00007fffffffd4c0 in ?? ()
>     #3  0x0000000000401138 in foo ()
> 	at dw2-ranges-func-lo-cold.c:70
> Note that the backtrace doesn't go all the way back to main().  Moreover,
> frame #2 is messed up.
> I had seen this behavior when I had worked on the non-contiguous
> address problem last year.  At the time I convinced myself that the
> mangled backtrace was "okay" since we're doing strange things with
> the DWARF assembler.  We're taking a function called foo_cold (though
> it was originally called foo_low - my recent changes to the test case
> changed the name) and via the magic of the DWARF assembler, we're
> combining it into a separate (non-contiguous) range for foo.  Thus,
> it was a surprise to me when I got a good and complete backtrace when
> the cold symbol is placed at an address that's greater than entry pc.
> The function dwarf2_frame_cache (in dwarf2-frame.c) is making this
> call:
>     if (get_frame_func_if_available (this_frame, &entry_pc)) ...
> If that call succeeds (returns a true value), the FDE is then
> processed up to the entry pc.  It doesn't make sense to do this,
> however, when the FDE in question does not contain the entry pc.  This
> can happen when the function in question is comprised of more than one
> (non-contiguous) address range.
> My fix is to add some comparisons to the test above to ensure that
> ENTRY_PC is within the address range covered by the FDE.

Looks reasonable.

Pedro Alves

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