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Re: Question about the ldd output

Lavrentiev, Anton (NIH/NLM/NCBI) [C] via cygwin wrote:
Well, I don't think there's anything special that Cygwin does to load executables, because these are essentially Windows processes, so they are loaded by Windows, first and foremost.

But it gets even weirder.  Below are two _consecutive!_ runs of ldd on the very same executable.  Why the output differs so drastically (including the unknown dlls all of a sudden)?

         ntdll.dll => /cygdrive/c/WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/ntdll.dll (0x7ffc339d0000)
         KERNEL32.DLL => /cygdrive/c/WINDOWS/System32/KERNEL32.DLL (0x7ffc31a00000)
         KERNELBASE.dll => /cygdrive/c/WINDOWS/System32/KERNELBASE.dll (0x7ffc30090000)
         cygbz2-1.dll => /usr/bin/cygbz2-1.dll (0x3f6a40000)
         cygcom_err-2.dll => /usr/bin/cygcom_err-2.dll (0x3ef750000)
         cyggssapi_krb5-2.dll => /usr/bin/cyggssapi_krb5-2.dll (0x3eceb0000)
         cygiconv-2.dll => /usr/bin/cygiconv-2.dll (0x3ec980000)
         cygpcre-1.dll => /usr/bin/cygpcre-1.dll (0x3eb1a0000)
         cyggcc_s-seh-1.dll => /usr/bin/cyggcc_s-seh-1.dll (0x3ee3a0000)
         cygstdc++-6.dll => /usr/bin/cygstdc++-6.dll (0x3ea280000)
         cygz.dll => /cygdrive/u/2.4.0/release/Cygwin-64/bin/cygz.dll (0x3aba30000)
         cygk5crypto-3.dll => /usr/bin/cygk5crypto-3.dll (0x3ec300000)
         cygwin1.dll => /cygdrive/u/2.4.0/release/Cygwin-64/bin/cygwin1.dll (0x180040000)
         ??? => ??? (0xe80000)
         ??? => ??? (0x1440000)
         ??? => ??? (0xe80000)

Briefly, ldd acts as a Windows debugger starting up the given executable. It receives LOAD_DLL_EVENTs from Windows and decodes the event info to print each line of output.

The drastically lower memory addresses being shown on the last three lines lead me to speculate these are due to Windows repositioning non-Cygwin DLLs, or maybe Cygwin DLLs rebase doesn't know about, due to address space collisions at their normal load address(es).

That said, ldd might be enhanced to show more info in these transient cases. Patches thoughtfully considered...


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