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RE: sshd - ssh-host-config uses incorrect username for setup‏

I haven't gotten any reply for this issue. It would seem there is no way I can fix this issue directly?
Therefore, does anyone have a guide on what permissions and tweaks are required to run sshd as SYSTEM user instead as a workaround?

Brian Mc George
> From:
> To:
> Subject: sshd - ssh-host-config uses incorrect username for setup‏
> Date: Tue, 29 Dec 2015 09:08:49 +0200
> Hi,
> I am using EC2 and need to automate the configuration of sshd
> at instance launch. If I manually rdp into the machine and execute:
> ssh-host-config --yes --privileged --user cyg_server --pwd ${PASSWORD}
> it will work correctly.
> However,
> If
> I use user data (lets you execute powershell commands on instance
> start) it will fail. It will also fail if I try execute the command
> using winrm (the windows equivalent of ssh).
> If I rdp into the machine and execute it manually then the cygwin name will be 'cyg_server'
> If I try automate it the cygwin name is <machine_name>+'cyg_server'
> It then cannot find the cyg_server account and fails.
> How can I work around this? Even if it just uses SYSTEM as the account I just need it to work.
> Here is the log when I try use the aforementioned method:
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Generating missing SSH host keys
> ssh-keygen: generating new host keys: RSA DSA ECDSA ED25519
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Creating default /etc/ssh_config file
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Creating default /etc/sshd_config file
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m StrictModes is set to 'yes' by default.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m This is the recommended setting, but it requires that the POSIX
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m permissions of the user's home directory, the user's .ssh
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m directory, and the user's ssh key files are tight so that
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m only the user has write permissions.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m On the other hand, StrictModes don't work well with default
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Windows permissions of a home directory mounted with the
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m 'noacl' option, and they don't work at all if the home
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m directory is on a FAT or FAT32 partition.
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m Should StrictModes be used? (yes/no) yes
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Privilege separation is set to 'sandbox' by default since
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m OpenSSH 6.1. This is unsupported by Cygwin and has to be set
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m to 'yes' or 'no'.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m However, using privilege separation requires a non-privileged account
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m called 'sshd'.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m For more info on privilege separation read /usr/share/doc/openssh/README.privsep.
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m Should privilege separation be used? (yes/no) yes
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Note that creating a new user requires that the current account have
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Administrator privileges. Should this script attempt to create a
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m new local account 'sshd'? (yes/no) yes
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Updating /etc/sshd_config file
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m Do you want to install sshd as a service?
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m (Say "no" if it is already installed as a service) (yes/no) yes
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m Enter the value of CYGWIN for the daemon: []
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m On Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and above, the
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m SYSTEM account cannot setuid to other users -- a capability
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m sshd requires. You need to have or to create a privileged
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m account. This script will help you do so.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m It's not possible to use the LocalSystem account for services
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m that can change the user id without an explicit password
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m (such as passwordless logins [e.g. public key authentication]
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m via sshd) when having to create the user token from scratch.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m For more information on this requirement, see
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m If you want to enable that functionality, it's required to create
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m a new account with special privileges (unless such an account
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m already exists). This account is then used to run these special
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m servers.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m Note that creating a new user requires that the current account
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m have Administrator privileges itself.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m This script plans to use 'cyg_server'.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m 'cyg_server' will only be used by registered services.
> [1;35m***
> Query:[0;0m Create new privileged user account
> 'WIN-FII6OQ85EQF\cyg_server' (Cygwin name:
> 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server')? (yes/no) yes
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m User 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server' has been created with password 'XXX'.
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m If you change the password, please remember also to change the
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m password for the installed services which use (or will soon use)
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m the 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server' account.
> passwd: unknown user win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Setting password expiry for user 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server' failed!
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Please check that password never expires or set it to your needs.
> No user or group 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server' known.
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Assigning the appropriate privileges to user 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server' failed!
> [1;31m*** ERROR:[0;0m There was a serious problem creating a privileged user.
> [1;35m*** Query:[0;0m Do you want to proceed anyway? (yes/no) yes
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Expected privileged user 'win-fii6oq85eqf+cyg_server' does not exist.
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Defaulting to 'SYSTEM'
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m The sshd service has been installed under the LocalSystem
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m account (also known as SYSTEM). To start the service now, call
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m `net start sshd' or `cygrunsrv -S sshd'. Otherwise, it
> [1;32m*** Info:[0;0m will start automatically after the next reboot.
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Host configuration exited with 1 errors or warnings!
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m Make sure that all problems reported are fixed,
> [1;33m*** Warning:[0;0m then re-run ssh-host-config.
> Thanks,
> Brian Mc George

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