This is the mail archive of the
mailing list for the Cygwin project.
Re: Linking shared libraries problem
Larry Hall (Cygwin) wrote:
On 8/29/2010 7:08 PM, TomÃs Staig wrote:
Thanks for your reply. I have found a workaround, however.
I have been trying to port some software from Linux (Scientific
to windows using Cygwin. I have been able to port most of it with little
changes but I encountered a problem when linking shared libraries. It
that the chain of dependencies is not included when linking.
does not show the dependency libraries as in Linux. I have tried both
the import libraries (%.dll.a) and linking the dll files (%.dll)
I have arranged a small example program that reproduces this effect.
Used Ubuntu 8.04 to and "CYGWIN_NT-5.1" version "1.7.6(0.230/5/3)
16:06" on top of a 32-bits Windows XP Machine to test the above
As you can see, there is no reference to liby.dll. I could add the
(-ly) directly to the compiling line of main and it works, but the
that it would not be a good approach, since in the software I'm
port, there are several dependent modules, so the last ones would
incredibly large list of dependencies.
So, am I doing something wrong? Is there any way to add the
dependency to be
shown with ldd or any workaround(maybe a linker flag or something) to
the above example work?
The Windows loader requires full resolution at link time. You need to
at least the import libraries for all dependencies if you want the link
to succeed. Sorry, that's just the way Windows works.
Probably not the best thing to do in general, but for my case it is
Makefile in Cygwin:
g++ -c x.cpp
g++ -c y.cpp
g++ -shared -Wl,--output-def,liby.def -Wl,-out-implib=liby.dll.a
-Wl,-export-all-symbols -Wl,-enable-auto-import -Wl,-whole-archive y.o
-Wl,-no-whole-archive -o liby.dll
g++ -shared -Wl,-out-implib=libx.dll.a -Wl,-export-all-symbols
-Wl,-enable-auto-import -Wl,-whole-archive x.o liby.def
-Wl,-no-whole-archive -L./ -ly -o libx.dll
g++ -o main main.cpp -L./ -lx
If anyone is going to use this, be aware that it might get you "multiple
definition" problems. I still haven't checked how this behaves in the
project I'm porting, but in this tiny example it works flawlessly.
Problem reports: http://cygwin.com/problems.html
Unsubscribe info: http://cygwin.com/ml/#unsubscribe-simple