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Re: Cannot initialize bash shell after Cygwin 1.5.24 install

Doug Ruff wrote:

> I installed using my domain user account (dougruff), and when the
> installation completed, I was able to launch a bash shell in my login
> session without any problems.
> But as soon as another user logs into this system and starts Cygwin bash,
> they are greeted with an uninitialized Bash shell (no path is set, no
> prompt is set, etc.)
> There is no HOME variable set in Windows.  Nor is there an entry in
> /etc/passwd for my account (dougruff).

  Is there a HOMEDRIVE/HOMEPATH setting for them?

> What could be keeping other users from being able to get a properly
> initialized shell session on this machine?

  Not entirely sure, let's find out.

  The mechanism that detects when a new user starts up a shell for the first
time and creates their home directory and copies the default startup scripts
into it for them lives in /etc/profile, beginning here:

> # Here is how HOME is set, in order of priority, when starting from Windows
> #  1) From existing HOME in the Windows environment, translated to a Posix path
> #  2) from /etc/passwd, if there is an entry with a non empty directory field
> #  4) / (root)
> # If the home directory doesn't exist, create it.
> if [ ! -d "${HOME}" ]; then

  You need to find out why it isn't working for them.  Since the way it works
is to see if the user's home directory already exists, if there's a valid
HOMEDRIVE/HOMEPATH combination for the users, and they don't have /etc/passwd
entries, it won't get tripped.

  If that's the case, there's two ways you could easily fix it, depending
whether the other users wanted to use HOMEDRIVE/HOMEPATH as their cygwin home
directory or whether they wanted home directories under /home/$USER:

- to use the existing homedrive/path combination, just copy all the files from
/etc/skel into the existing dir.  (If you're using cygwin's 'cp' to do so,
watch out - they all begin with a '.', i.e. hidden filenames)

- to get a fresh home dir in the standard place, unset those variables for the
users in question.  Next time they login /etc/profile will run and set it up
for them.

- or, to get a fresh home dir without unsetting those variables, make sure to
create entries in /etc/passwd for them (using 'mkpasswd', presumably with the
-d option to add entries for domain users), and make sure the home dir path is
set how you want it in that entry.


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