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Re: escape codes in ksh "\033]0;\$PWD\007\$PWD> "

On Tue, 22 Nov 2005, Robert Body wrote:

> I have not been able to figure out how to send escape codes to ksh

KSH does not understand escape codes.  You have to embed literal special
characters into $PS1.

> I saw a syntax for ksh on
> ---------
> PS1='^[]0;${USER}@${HOST}: ${PWD}^Gksh$ '
> ---------
> where ^[ is used instead of \033 and ^G instead of \007
> but I tried 3 systems with ksh, no go, it doesn't understand escape
> characters, not with \032, not with \[\e and not with ^[ to signfy beginning
> of escape code... ksh just repeats them exactly like regular characters

In bash, you can type in the following character sequence (sans the

P S 1 = ' Ctrl-V Esc ] 0 ; $ { U S E R } @ $ { H O S T } : Space $ { P W D } Ctrl-V Ctrl-G k s h $ Space '

To get the above prompt.  Then start ksh.

> in bash it's easy
> --------
> PS1='\[\e]0;$PWD\a\]$PWD> '        # (in title) HOST-$PWD ... $PATH>
> --------
> I came up with the following... needs perl, needs xterm
> but works in ksh, and bash too
> --------
> PS1=$(perl -e 'printf "\033]0;\$PWD\007\$PWD> "')
> --------

Sure, that works too.  You can use awk or sed instead of perl (which have
the advantage of being part of the default installation).

> but i just don't know how (and someone must know how) people get the
> escape codes into ksh that it works from command prompt or script with a
> one line solution (and without secondary help from something like c or
> perl code)

Both vi and emacs allow you to enter special characters literally.  Edit
your .profile (or /etc/profile), and you're all set.  The ksh-related
section of the default /etc/profile has a bug and doesn't work.

> Oh, the purpose of this escape sequence is to synchronize the title with
> PS1 to be the current directory on an xterm (but the question is about
> escape codes, not xterm ;-) )

Again, ksh does not understand escape codes.  Neither does ash.  Use
literal characters.

Igor Pechtchanski
Volunteer PDKSH maintainer for Cygwin
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     |,4-  ) )-,_. ,\ (  `'-'		Igor Pechtchanski, Ph.D.
    '---''(_/--'  `-'\_) fL	a.k.a JaguaR-R-R-r-r-r-.-.-.  Meow!

If there's any real truth it's that the entire multidimensional infinity
of the Universe is almost certainly being run by a bunch of maniacs. /DA

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