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Re: cygpath hangs from postinstall scripts when called like $(cygpath-S) but not otherwise

On Sat, 4 Oct 2003, Christopher Faylor wrote:

> On Sat, Oct 04, 2003 at 10:52:26AM -0400, Igor Pechtchanski wrote:
> >On Sat, 4 Oct 2003, Cliff Hones wrote:
> >
> >> I ran cygcheck on cygpath, and was surprised to discover
> >> that it has a dependence on msvcrt (as well as cygwin1):
> >>
> >> $ cygcheck /bin/cygpath.exe
> >> D:/cygwin/bin/cygpath.exe
> >>   D:/cygwin/bin\cygwin1.dll
> >>     D:\WINNT\system32\KERNEL32.dll
> >>       D:\WINNT\system32\NTDLL.DLL
> >>   D:\WINNT\system32\SHELL32.DLL
> >>     D:\WINNT\system32\GDI32.DLL
> >>       D:\WINNT\system32\USER32.DLL
> >>     D:\WINNT\system32\ADVAPI32.DLL
> >>       D:\WINNT\system32\RPCRT4.DLL
> >>     D:\WINNT\system32\SHLWAPI.DLL
> >>       D:\WINNT\system32\msvcrt.dll
> >>     D:\WINNT\system32\COMCTL32.DLL
> >>
> >>I thought that using the msvcrt and cygwin1 dll's in the same
> >>executable was likely to cause crashes or hangs - is this no longer the
> >>case, or could this be the problem with the postinstall?
> >
> >Wow! Good thinking, Cliff! I think you may be on to something...  ISTM
> >that the problem could manifest itself when running from setup as
> >opposed to from the shell because setup is a Windows program, so some
> >MSVCRT functions may be found before the Cygwin ones...  We could test
> >by using "cygstart cygpath" or "run cygpath" or something.
> I don't know what the statement "some MSVCRT functions may be found
> before the Cygwin ones" means.
> Who's going to find these functions?  cygpath.exe is not going to
> accidentally use ar function with the same name from another DLL.  That's
> not how it works.  msvcrt is being loaded by SHLWAPI.DLL so there isn't
> much likelihood of toe stepping between it and cygwin.  I would suspect
> that cygpath isn't the only program which loads msvcrt in this fashion.
> There's not much we can do about it, and if it was a problem, I think
> we'd know about it by now.

Well, I doubt it, as it is reiterated over and over on this list and in
the FAQ that mixing cygwin1.dll with msvcrt.dll is a bad idea.  The only
application I could find on my system with such a property is
/usr/X11R6/bin/XWin.exe (through DDRAW.dll).  I may have described the
actual mechanism overly simplistically (and frankly, I'm not too sure on
exactly how it works), but it seemed likely to be the reason for the
hang.  And before you ask, I'm unable to reproduce the actual hang, so I
can't debug it.

> Adding cygstart just adds another non-cygwin process in the mix, causing
> cygwin's exec stub to behave differently.

So does adding "setup".

It would be easy to check if the above was the reason for the hang by
trying to call the following program from a postinstall script and seeing
if it also hangs:
------------------------ BEGIN tdll.c -------------------------
#include <stdio.h>
static int counter = 0;
int hello() {
  fprintf (stderr, "");  /* to pull in msvcrt.dll */
  return counter++;
------ Note: cutting here may damage your screen surface ------
------------------------ BEGIN tapp.c -------------------------
int hello();
int main() {
  printf("%d\n", hello());
  printf("%d\n", hello());
------ Note: cutting here may damage your screen surface ------

$ gcc -mno-cygwin -shared -g -o tdll.dll tdll.c
$ gcc -g -o tapp.exe tapp.c -L./ -ltdll
$ cygcheck tapp.exe
Found: .\tapp.exe
$ ./tapp.exe

This would probably be easier to debug than cygpath, too...
      |\      _,,,---,,_
ZZZzz /,`.-'`'    -.  ;-;;,_
     |,4-  ) )-,_. ,\ (  `'-'		Igor Pechtchanski, Ph.D.
    '---''(_/--'  `-'\_) fL	a.k.a JaguaR-R-R-r-r-r-.-.-.  Meow!

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