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Re: howto change home path in /etc/passwd

On Mon, 12 May 2003 wrote:

> Surlignage Igor Pechtchanski <>:
> > On Mon, 12 May 2003, sferriol wrote:
> >
> > > hello
> > > is there a command to change the home directory of a user in /etc/passwd
> > > because ssh sees this file before $HOME and i have always a error.
> >
> > Use an editor to edit /etc/passwd (as has been suggested).  Mind the line
> > endings (I think).
> no my question is to do this automatically
> because when the admin has installed cygwin on a computer, it adds users
> and each users has to define the variable HOME,
> but if they use ssh, they have to chang /etc/passwd too.
> i want to create a install file which update automatically /etc/passwd, puts defaults files (bashrc, inputrc,...)
> i see that there is the mkpasswd command but it doesn't do what i want
> do you know when /etc/passwd is created???
> sylvain

/etc/passwd is normally created (along with /etc/group) when setup runs
the postinstall script.  The program that actually creates
the passwd entries is called mkpasswd, and it sets the home directory to
/home/<username> by default.

One thing you can do is create symbolic links (or, better yet, user
mounts) from /home/<username> to that user's $HOME.  That way, you will
not have to change /etc/passwd at all.
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