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Re: Question re. export environment variable
Igor Pechtchanski wrote:
> On Thu, 20 Feb 2003, Fred Ma wrote:
> > Hello,
> > I'm using cygwin bash 2.05b-8 (it's actually gnu).
> > I thought that $HOSTNAME was an environment
> > variable. When I run gnu make (I'm pretty
> > sure this is not a make problem), $(HOSTNAME)
> > is empty. It gets fixed if I do "export HOSTNAME"
> > before running make.
> > Is there a way to check if the export command
> > has been applied to $HOSTNAME? Does the
> > actual transcription of $HOSTNAME's value to
> > the environment happen only once, when
> > "export" is applied, or is there a continual
> > monitoring an mirroring of changes to $HOSTNAME
> > forever after applying "export"?
> > Fred
> I'm afraid you might be confused about what "exporting" a variable means.
> Bash maintains an "environment", which contains the values of all the
> variables it's using. When bash spawns a child, that child inherits those
> variables from the parent's environment that are "exported". Thus, if you
> export HOSTNAME, the child will get the current value of HOSTNAME. If you
> then change HOSTNAME in the parent, the child *will not* see the change.
> However, if you spawn another child, that new child *will* see the new
> BTW, "export" with no variable name will print out the list of all
> variables that are exported from the current shell. And, if you want to
> make sure it's exported, "export HOSTNAME" can do no harm. But both this
> and the above are off-topic for the Cygwin list, and could have been found
> by a simple perusal of "man bash".
> |\ _,,,---,,_ pechtcha at cs dot nyu dot edu
> ZZZzz /,`.-'`' -. ;-;;,_ igor at watson dot ibm dot com
> |,4- ) )-,_. ,\ ( `'-' Igor Pechtchanski
> '---''(_/--' `-'\_) fL a.k.a JaguaR-R-R-r-r-r-.-.-. Meow!
> Oh, boy, virtual memory! Now I'm gonna make myself a really *big* RAMdisk!
> -- /usr/games/fortune
Thanks for the information. The "man bash" confirms what
you said, and what I thought I knew before encountering
the problem. What made me uncertain was that things don't
always behave the same in the cygwin environment as they
do in, say, solaris, and I'm never sure what behaviour might
be due to customizations. Another thing that made me unsure
was that it seems strange for $HOSTNAME not to be marked
export by default, I didn't think that would happen intentionally.
Though it appears now that it is that way.
I did miss the bit in the man pages about showing all the
export variables. My apologies, I should have spent more
time reading it more carefully.
Fred Ma, fma at doe dot carleton dot ca
Carleton University, Dept. of Electronics
1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario
Canada, K1S 5B6
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