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RE: Flushing stdin (was: Re: gcc problem?)

I believe the name of the company you're referring to is Microsoft.  (In
addition to the spelling, note that the 's' is not capitalized.)  It
matters, because you'll have a much easier time reporting the small bug
you've discovered (these do occur in large systems, and the
documentation for large systems) if you use the correct company name
when searching for a web site on which to actually submit the bug

BTW, which C standard do you mean? doesn't seem to exist in
either of my copies (I have the 1989 ANSI version, and the 1999 ISO
version handy).

stephan(speaking, of course, only for myself, and not my employer);

-----Original Message-----
From: Eric R. Krause [] 
Sent: Sunday, November 24, 2002 12:14 PM
Subject: Flushing stdin (was: Re: gcc problem?)


Visual C++ 6.0 CRT (and AFAICT, that of Visual C++.NET too) allow you to
flush an input stream.  The only problem with that is that the C
standard apparently defines flushing ONLY for output streams (sec.  Why in the hell MicroSquash didn't disclose that this
behavior was M$-specific, who knows--it's yet another way they try to
lock you into their software.

For reading words entered by the user, I'd approach the situation using
fgets() and a pair of string buffers--one to hold the input line and one
to hold the word that is sscanf()'ed.  After we've read the word, we can
loop-read until there are no more characters on stdin (in case we
entered past the size of the string buffer), knowing that our word is in
a separate buffer and that each iteration both are NULLed out.

Here's the code...

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
    char string[80];
    char word[80];  /* extra string buffer */
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
        memset(string, 0, 80 * sizeof(char));
        memset(word, 0, 80 * sizeof(char));
        printf("Enter some words: ");
        fgets(string, 80, stdin);   /* see note A */
        sscanf(string, "%s", word);
        printf("The first word you entered was... %s\n", word);
        while (!strchr(string, '\n'))
            fgets(string, 80, stdin);
    return 0;

Note A:
Pressing Enter as soon as the prompt comes up will cause fgets() to
write a newline and a NULL to the buffer and return.  If you want to
FORCE the user to enter a non-blank line, then change
    fgets(string, 80, stdin);
    do {
        fgets(string, 80, stdin);
    } while (string[0] == '\n');

Eric R. Krause

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