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Illegal User Error Attempting to Authenticate in sshd

Summary:	Unable to run sshd and login with latest app revs
Cygwin:		1.3.5-3 (downloaded & installed 12/3/01)
OpenSsh:	3.0.1.p1-2
OS:		Win2k SP2 (FAT32 -- intentionally)


I am presently unable to fire up sshd and successfully login. Commands 
I have been working with are described below, with file & debug output
as well.

For the record, in my quest to get sshd working, I have: scanned all 
relevant postings on this mailing list's archives (most deal with
an NTFS solution, which I am not running), read the openssh*README,
and reviewed Mike Erdely's configuration pages - all while making various 
attempts over the better part of 2 days to find a solution. :)

Thanks for your assistance,



cd /usr/sbin && ./sshd -d -d -d -D  (command line - run by user with
					administrator priv's)

Do not receive illegal user error messages, but receive "Failed password
for <username>"


cygrunsrv -I sshdcyg -p /usr/sbin/sshd -a '-d -d -D' -d 'Cygwin SSHD'

Using "cygrunsrv" to install a service is successful, however am unable 
to successfully start service either through "cygrunsrv -S" or Win's
Service Manager. Returns the error "Service did not return an error", 
as seen in other postings. Numerous attempts with different configuration
settings seem to say that using cygrunsrv with my configuration is a nogo.


instsrv --OR-- using srvany to open cmd window as SYSTEM, then sshd...

Am successfully able to install and start the service after modifying
the registry (below) as described in the MS knowledgebase doc:;EN-US;Q152460 

Receive the "illegal user" error in the sshd debug output below.

I did notice the "Not a RSA1 key file" errors, but have been unable
to remedy. I have re-run ssh-host-config, but to no avail. I suspect 
they may be due to the DOS-method of running the daemon through
srvany, described in the registry settings below. Then again,...


[ srvany sshd registry settings ]

Parameters\Application = c:\cygwin\usr\sbin\sshd.exe
Parameters\AppParameters = -d -d -d -D -f c:\cygwin\etc\sshd_config.dos


[ sshd_config.dos ]

# This is the sshd server system-wide configuration file.  See sshd(8)
# for more information.

Port 22
Protocol 2,1
#ListenAddress ::

# HostKey for protocol version 1
HostKey c:/cygwin/etc/ssh_host_key
# HostKeys for protocol version 2
HostKey c:/cygwin/etc/ssh_host_rsa_key
HostKey c:/cygwin/etc/ssh_host_dsa_key

# Lifetime and size of ephemeral version 1 server ke
KeyRegenerationInterval 3600
ServerKeyBits 768

# Logging
SyslogFacility AUTH
LogLevel INFO
#obsoletes QuietMode and FascistLogging

# Authentication:

LoginGraceTime 600
PermitRootLogin yes
# The following setting overrides permission checks on host key files
# and directories. For security reasons set this to "yes" when running
# NT/W2K, NTFS and CYGWIN=ntsec.
StrictModes no

RSAAuthentication no
PubkeyAuthentication yes
#AuthorizedKeysFile     %h/.ssh/authorized_keys

# rhosts authentication should not be used
RhostsAuthentication no
# Don't read ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
IgnoreRhosts yes
# For this to work you will also need host keys in /etc/ssh_known_hosts
RhostsRSAAuthentication no
# similar for protocol version 2
HostbasedAuthentication no
# Uncomment if you don't trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for RhostsRSAAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts yes

# To disable tunneled clear text passwords, change to no here!
PasswordAuthentication yes
PermitEmptyPasswords no

X11Forwarding no
X11DisplayOffset 10
PrintMotd yes
#PrintLastLog no
KeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no

#AllowUsers davep
#MaxStartups 10:30:60
#Banner /etc/
#ReverseMappingCheck yes

Subsystem      sftp    /usr/sbin/sftp-server


[ sshd debug output ]

debug1: Seeding random number generator
debug1: sshd version OpenSSH_3.0.1p1
debug1: private host key: #0 type 0 RSA1
debug3: Not a RSA1 key file c:/cygwin/etc/ssh_host_rsa_key.
debug1: read PEM private key done: type RSA
debug1: private host key: #1 type 1 RSA
debug3: Not a RSA1 key file c:/cygwin/etc/ssh_host_dsa_key.
debug1: read PEM private key done: type DSA
debug1: private host key: #2 type 2 DSA
debug1: Bind to port 22 on
Server listening on port 22.
Generating 768 bit RSA key.
RSA key generation complete.
debug1: Server will not fork when running in debugging mode.
Connection from port 64063
debug1: Client protocol version 1.5; client software version 1.2.20
debug1: match: 1.2.20 pat ^1\.2\.2[012]
debug1: Local version string SSH-1.99-OpenSSH_3.0.1p1
debug1: Rhosts Authentication disabled, originating port 64063 not trusted.
debug1: Sent 768 bit server key and 1024 bit host key.
debug1: Encryption type: 3des
debug1: Received session key; encryption turned on.
debug1: Installing crc compensation attack detector.
debug1: do_authentication: illegal user Dave Pinsker
debug1: Attempting authentication for illegal user Dave Pinsker.
[ presented with prompt at client ]


[ /etc/passwd -- freshly generated w/ mkpasswd -l. Modified group 514 to
correctly reflect Administrator. Attempted w/ & w/out modification ]

Dave Pinsker:unused_by_nt/2000/xp:1000:544:Dave Pinsker,U-DELLPC\Dave Pinsker,S-1-5-21-57989841-920026266-1708537768-1000:/home/Dave Pinsker:/bin/bash


[ /etc/group -- looked good, so didn't regen. However, did remove DOS EOL's ]

Backup Operators:S-1-5-32-551:551:
Power Users:S-1-5-32-547:547:


[ cygcheck -s -r -v output]

Cygnus Win95/NT Configuration Diagnostics
Current System Time: Tue Dec 04 16:16:09 2001

Windows 2000 Professional Ver 5.0 build 2195 Service Pack 2

Path:	C:\cygwin\bin
	c:\Program Files\Dell\Resolution Assistant\Common\bin
	c:\Program Files\Network Associates\PGPNT

SysDir: C:\WINNT\System32
WinDir: C:\WINNT

CYGWIN = `ntsec tty'   [ NOTE: have tried w/ all combinations: off, on, ntea,..]
HOME = `c:\docume~1\davepi~1'
MAKE_MODE = `unix'
PWD = `/cygdrive/c/docume~1/davepi~1'
USER = `Dave Pinsker'

ALLUSERSPROFILE = `C:\Documents and Settings\All Users'
APPDATA = `C:\Documents and Settings\Dave Pinsker\Application Data'
CLASSPATH = `C:\progra~1\photod~1.0\adobec~1;.;C:\progra~1\JavaSoft\JRE\1.4;D:\Archive\JAVA_T~1\Java\syncbuilder.jar'
COMMONPROGRAMFILES = `C:\Program Files\Common Files'
COMSPEC = `C:\WINNT\system32\cmd.exe'
MANPATH = `:/usr/man'
OLDPWD = `/etc'
OS2LIBPATH = `C:\WINNT\system32\os2\dll;'
OS = `Windows_NT'
PGPPATH = `C:\Program Files\Network Associates\PGPNT'
PROCESSOR_IDENTIFIER = `x86 Family 6 Model 8 Stepping 6, GenuineIntel'
PROGRAMFILES = `C:\Program Files'
PS1 = `\[\033]0;\w\007
\033[32m\]\u@\h \[\033[33m\w\033[0m\]
$ '
SHLVL = `1'
TERM = `cygwin'
USERNAME = `Dave Pinsker'
USERPROFILE = `C:\Documents and Settings\Dave Pinsker'
_ = `/usr/bin/cygcheck'

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\mounts v2
  (default) = `/cygdrive'
  cygdrive flags = 0x00000022
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\mounts v2\/
  (default) = `C:/cygwin'
  flags = 0x00000002
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\mounts v2\/usr/bin
  (default) = `C:/cygwin/bin'
  flags = 0x00000002
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\mounts v2\/usr/lib
  (default) = `C:/cygwin/lib'
  flags = 0x00000002
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\Program Options
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder\Start Menu\Programs\Cygnus Solutions
  (default) = (unsupported type)
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\mounts v2
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Cygnus Solutions\Cygwin\Program Options

a:  fd           N/A    N/A                    
c:  hd  FAT32  19992Mb  28% CP    UN           
d:  hd  FAT32  18150Mb   3% CP    UN           ARCHIVE VOL
e:  cd           N/A    N/A                    

C:/cygwin      /          user    binmode
C:/cygwin/bin  /usr/bin   user    binmode
C:/cygwin/lib  /usr/lib   user    binmode
.              /cygdrive  user    binmode,noumount

Found: C:\cygwin\bin\bash.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\cat.exe
Found: c:\dave_bin\cat.exe
Warning: C:\cygwin\bin\cat.exe hides c:\dave_bin\cat.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\cpp.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\find.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\gcc.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\gdb.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\ld.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\ls.exe
Found: c:\dave_bin\ls.exe
Warning: C:\cygwin\bin\ls.exe hides c:\dave_bin\ls.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\make.exe
Found: C:\cygwin\bin\sh.exe

  678k 2001/12/03 C:\WINNT\cygwin1_sshd.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygwin1.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/5/20 22:28
  792k 2001/12/03 C:\WINNT\cygwin1_dist.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygwin1.dll" v0.0 ts=1999/8/3 7:02
  714k 2001/12/03 C:\WINNT\cygwin1_135.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygwin1.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/13 22:16
   56k 2000/12/03 C:\cygwin\bin\cygbz21.0.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygbz21.0.dll" v0.0 ts=2000/11/20 17:53
   18k 2000/10/23 C:\cygwin\bin\cyggdbm.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cyggdbm.dll" v0.0 ts=2000/10/22 21:26
   41k 2001/07/04 C:\cygwin\bin\cygXpm-noX4.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygXpm-noX4.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/7/3 20:21
   45k 2001/07/04 C:\cygwin\bin\cygXpm-X4.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygXpm-X4.dll" v0.0 ts=2000/11/19 20:45
  678k 2001/12/03 C:\cygwin\bin\cygwin1_sshd.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygwin1.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/5/20 22:28
  119k 2001/06/06 C:\cygwin\bin\cygjpeg6b.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygjpeg6b.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/6/5 23:27
  163k 2001/05/06 C:\cygwin\bin\cygpng2.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygpng2.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/5/5 23:05
  245k 2001/06/12 C:\cygwin\bin\cygtiff3.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygtiff3.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/6/12 12:25
   49k 2001/02/03 C:\cygwin\bin\cygz.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygz.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/2/3 14:35
   81k 2001/10/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygitcl30.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygitcl30.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/10/19 19:25
   35k 2001/10/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygitk30.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygitk30.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/10/19 19:25
  390k 2001/10/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygtcl80.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygtcl80.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/10/19 19:24
    5k 2001/10/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygtclpip80.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
   10k 2001/10/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygtclreg80.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygtclreg80.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/10/19 19:24
  623k 2001/10/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygtk80.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygtk80.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/10/19 19:25
   21k 2001/06/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygintl.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygintl.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/6/20 12:09
   45k 2001/07/04 C:\cygwin\bin\cygjbig1.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygjbig1.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/7/3 22:25
   34k 2001/09/30 C:\cygwin\bin\cygform6.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygform6.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/9/29 21:43
   19k 2001/09/30 C:\cygwin\bin\cygmenu6.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygmenu6.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/9/29 21:43
  175k 2001/09/30 C:\cygwin\bin\cygncurses++6.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygncurses++6.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/9/29 21:45
  201k 2001/09/30 C:\cygwin\bin\cygncurses6.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygncurses6.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/9/29 21:42
   12k 2001/09/30 C:\cygwin\bin\cygpanel6.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygpanel6.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/9/29 21:43
  821k 2001/11/19 C:\cygwin\bin\cygcrypto.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygcrypto.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/19 17:42
  231k 2001/11/19 C:\cygwin\bin\cygssl.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygssl.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/19 17:42
   40k 2001/11/21 C:\cygwin\bin\cygpcre.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygpcre.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/21 16:15
   39k 2001/11/21 C:\cygwin\bin\cygpcreposix.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygpcreposix.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/21 16:15
   17k 2001/06/28 C:\cygwin\bin\cyghistory4.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cyghistory4.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/1/6 22:34
   21k 2001/06/28 C:\cygwin\bin\cyghistory5.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cyghistory5.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/6/27 21:27
  108k 2001/06/28 C:\cygwin\bin\cygreadline4.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygreadline4.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/1/6 22:34
  135k 2001/06/28 C:\cygwin\bin\cygreadline5.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygreadline5.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/6/27 21:27
   66k 2001/11/20 C:\cygwin\bin\cygregex.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygregex.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/20 8:44
  714k 2001/12/03 C:\cygwin\bin\cygwin1.dll - os=4.0 img=1.0 sys=4.0
                  "cygwin1.dll" v0.0 ts=2001/11/13 22:16
    Cygwin DLL version info:
        DLL version: 1.3.5
        DLL epoch: 19
        DLL bad signal mask: 19005
        DLL old termios: 5
        DLL malloc env: 28
        API major: 0
        API minor: 47
        Shared data: 3
        DLL identifier: cygwin1
        Mount registry: 2
        Cygnus registry name: Cygnus Solutions
        Cygwin registry name: Cygwin
        Program options name: Program Options
        Cygwin mount registry name: mounts v2
        Cygdrive flags: cygdrive flags
        Cygdrive prefix: cygdrive prefix
        Cygdrive default prefix: 
        Build date: Tue Nov 13 23:16:25 EST 2001
        CVS tag: cygwin-1-3-5-2
        Shared id: cygwin1S3

Cygwin Package Information
Last downloaded files to: D:\Archive\Cygwin
Last downloaded files from:

Package             Version             
ash                 20011018-1          
autoconf            2.52-5              
autoconf-devel      2.52-4              
autoconf-stable     2.13-4              
automake            1.5a-1              
automake-devel      1.5-5               
automake-stable     1.4p5-5             
bash                2.05a-2             
binutils            20011002-1          
bison               1.28-1              
bison-src           1.28-1              
byacc               0.0                 
bzip2               1.0.1-6             
clear               1.0                 
cpio                2.4.2               
cron                3.0.1-5             
crypt               1.0-1               
ctags               5.0.1-1             
cvs                 1.11.0-1            
cygrunsrv           0.94-2              
cygwin              1.3.5-3             
dejagnu             20010117-1          
diff                0.0                 
diff-src            0.0                 
expect              20010117-1          
file                3.33-1              
file-src            3.33-1              
fileutils           4.1-1               
fileutils-src       4.1-1               
findutils           0.0                 
findutils-src       0.0                 
flex                2.5.4-1             
gawk                3.0.4-1             
gcc                 2.95.3-5            
gdb                 20010428-3          
gdbm                1.8.0-3             
gettext             0.10.38-2           
ghostscript         6.51-1              
gperf               0.0                 
gperf-src           0.0                 
grep                2.4.2-1             
grep-src            2.4.2-1             
groff               1.17.2-1            
gzip                1.3.2-1             
inetutils           1.3.2-15            
irc                 20010101-1          
jbigkit             1.2-4               
jpeg                6b-4                
less                358-3               
less-src            358-3               
libncurses5         5.2-1               
libncurses6         5.2-2               
libpng              1.0.11-1            
login               1.4-2               
login-src           1.4-2               
lynx                2.8.4-1             
m4                  0.0                 
make                3.79.1-5            
man                 1.5g-2              
mingw               20010917-1          
mktemp              1.4-1               
mt                  2.0.1-1             
mutt                1.2.5i-5            
ncftp               3.0.2-2             
ncurses             5.2-7               
newlib-man          20001118-1          
opengl              1.1.0-5             
openssh             3.0.1p1-2           
openssh-src         3.0.1p1-2           
openssl             0.9.6b-2            
patch               2.5-2               
pcre                3.7-1               
perl                5.6.1-2             
popt                1.6.2-1             
postgresql          7.1.3-1             
python              2.1.1-2             
readline            4.2-3               
regex               4.4-2               
rsync               2.4.6-3             
rxvt                2.7.2-6             
sed                 3.02-1              
sed-src             3.02-1              
sh-utils            2.0-2               
sh-utils-src        2.0-2               
squid               2.4-STABLE20010508  
ssmtp               2.38.7-3            
tar                 1.13.19-1           
tar-src             1.13.19-1           
tcltk               20001125-1          
tcsh                6.10.00-3           
tcsh-src            6.10.00-3           
termcap             20010825-1          
terminfo            5.2-1               
tetex-beta          20001218-1          
texinfo             4.0-4               
textutils           2.0.16-1            
tiff                3.5.6beta-2         
time                1.7-1               
unzip               5.41-1              
vim                 6.0.93-1            
w32api              1.1-1               
wget                1.7-1               
which               1.5-1               
xpm-nox             4.1.0-1             
zip                 2.3-1               
zlib                1.1.3-6             

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