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- To: "Bruce D. McLeod" <b dot mcleod at opengroup dot org>
- Subject: Re: multicast
- From: Chin Chee-Kai <cheekai at gen dot co dot jp>
- Date: Thu, 20 Mar 1997 15:03:51 -447863908 (JST)
- Cc: gnu-win32 at cygnus dot com
Interesting trial you have there. I ran your code as-is on
an SGI (which supports multicast send/receive) and didn't
manage to get multicasting. Finally, I got a line fixed and
got it running on SGI doing multicast sending/receiving.
Later, I got it compiled on Win95 and tried on the
combination SGI-receiving/Win95-sending and got the right result.
Unfortunately, Win95 doesn't allow me to emulate being on
a multicast network (using Control-Panel to set another
IP Adapter to 224.x.x.x address), so I can't try the reverse
Basically, the change is:
localAddr.sin_addr.s_addr = *((long *) myHostent->h_addr_list);
localAddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(gMyMultiIp);
The idea is that you need to bind to the multicasting
network address, logically as if this host also has a
local address at this multicasting address. The idea
is much like "localhost" (127.0.0.1) being the address
of the local machine. So if your machine+OS+network card
supports multicasting, then the Class D networks starting
from "184.108.40.206" are also logically the address of the
The operation is not so clear if you first bind a socket
to a unicast IP address (the one returned by gethostbyname())
and subsequently add multicast membership to a unicast-recipient
socket using setsockopt(... IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP...)
(by which time bind() would have already named a socket with
a unicast address. On the other hand, setsockopt() could
undo the semantics of bind() on seeing IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP
so that the socket can be a recipient of a multicast network.
This is implementation dependent [It's not that clean IMHO].)
Chin Chee-Kai (Last, First)
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