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add gas docs for alpha

        * doc/c-alpha.texi: New file.
        * doc/ (CPU_DOCS): Add it.
        * doc/all.texi, doc/as.texinfo: Add hooks for Alpha.

Index: doc/
RCS file: /cvs/src/src/gas/doc/,v
retrieving revision 1.18
diff -u -p -r1.18
---	2002/02/09 03:12:24	1.18
+++	2002/02/10 23:23:55
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ asconfig.texi: $(CONFIG).texi
 	c-a29k.texi \
+	c-alpha.texi \
 	c-arc.texi \
 	c-arm.texi \
 	c-d10v.texi \
Index: doc/all.texi
RCS file: /cvs/src/src/gas/doc/all.texi,v
retrieving revision 1.12
diff -u -p -r1.12 all.texi
--- all.texi	2002/02/09 03:12:24	1.12
+++ all.texi	2002/02/10 23:23:55
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-@c Copyright 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001
+@c Copyright 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
 @c Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 @c This file is part of the documentation for the GAS manual
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
 @c CPUs of interest
 @c ================
 @set A29K
+@set ALPHA
 @set ARC
 @set ARM
 @set CRIS
Index: doc/as.texinfo
RCS file: /cvs/src/src/gas/doc/as.texinfo,v
retrieving revision 1.55
diff -u -p -r1.55 as.texinfo
--- as.texinfo	2002/02/09 03:12:24	1.55
+++ as.texinfo	2002/02/10 23:23:57
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 @set A29K
+@set ALPHA
 @set ARC
 @set ARM
 @set CRIS
@@ -266,6 +267,14 @@ gcc(1), ld(1), and the Info entries for 
 @ifset A29K
 @c am29k has no machine-dependent assembler options
 @end ifset
+@ifset ALPHA
+@emph{Target Alpha options:}
+   [@b{-m@var{cpu}}]
+   [@b{-mdebug} | @b{-no-mdebug}]
+   [@b{-relax}] [@b{-g}] [@b{-G@var{size}}]
+   [@b{-F}] [@b{-32addr}]
+@end ifset
 @ifset ARC
 @emph{Target ARC options:}
@@ -5586,6 +5595,9 @@ subject, see the hardware manufacturer's
 @ifset A29K
 * AMD29K-Dependent::            AMD 29K Dependent Features
 @end ifset
+@ifset ALPHA
+* Alpha-Dependent::		Alpha Dependent Features
+@end ifset
 @ifset ARC
 * ARC-Dependent::               ARC Dependent Features
 @end ifset
@@ -5681,12 +5693,16 @@ subject, see the hardware manufacturer's
 @c node and sectioning commands; hence the repetition of @chapter BLAH
 @c in both conditional blocks.
-@ifset ARC
-@include c-arc.texi
-@end ifset
 @ifset A29K
 @include c-a29k.texi
+@end ifset
+@ifset ALPHA
+@include c-alpha.texi
+@end ifset
+@ifset ARC
+@include c-arc.texi
 @end ifset
 @ifset ARM
Index: doc/c-alpha.texi
RCS file: c-alpha.texi
diff -N c-alpha.texi
--- /dev/null	Tue May  5 13:32:27 1998
+++ c-alpha.texi	Sun Feb 10 15:23:57 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,396 @@
+@c Copyright 2002
+@c Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+@c This is part of the GAS manual.
+@c For copying conditions, see the file as.texinfo.
+@ifset GENERIC
+@node Alpha-Dependent
+@chapter Alpha Dependent Features
+@end ifset
+@ifclear GENERIC
+@node Machine Dependencies
+@chapter Alpha Dependent Features
+@end ifclear
+@cindex Alpha support
+* Alpha Notes::                Notes
+* Alpha Options::              Options
+* Alpha Syntax::               Syntax
+* Alpha Floating Point::       Floating Point
+* Alpha Directives::           Alpha Machine Directives
+* Alpha Opcodes::              Opcodes
+@end menu
+@node Alpha Notes
+@section Notes
+@cindex Alpha notes
+@cindex notes for Alpha
+The documentation here is primarily for the ELF object format.
+@code{@value{AS}} also supports the ECOFF and EVAX formats, but
+features specific to these formats are not yet documented.
+@node Alpha Options
+@section Options
+@cindex Alpha options
+@cindex options for Alpha
+@table @option
+@cindex @code{-m@var{cpu}} command line option, Alpha
+@item -m@var{cpu}
+This option specifies the target processor.  If an attempt is made to
+assemble an instruction which will not execute on the target processor,
+the assembler may either expand the instruction as a macro or issue an
+error message.  This option is equivalent to the @code{.arch} directive.
+The following processor names are recognized: 
+The special name @code{all} may be used to allow the assembler to accept
+instructions valid for any Alpha processor.
+In order to support existing practice in OSF/1 with respect to @code{.arch},
+and existing practice within @command{MILO} (the Linux ARC bootloader), the
+numbered processor names (e.g.@: 21064) enable the processor-specific PALcode
+instructions, while the ``electro-vlasic'' names (e.g.@: @code{ev4}) do not.
+@cindex @code{-mdebug} command line option, Alpha
+@cindex @code{-no-mdebug} command line option, Alpha
+@item -mdebug
+@itemx -no-mdebug
+Enables or disables the generation of @code{.mdebug} encapsulation for
+stabs directives and procedure descriptors.  The default is to automatically
+enable @code{.mdebug} when the first stabs directive is seen.
+@cindex @code{-relax} command line option, Alpha
+@item -relax
+This option forces all relocations to be put into the object file, instead
+of saving space and resolving some relocations at assembly time.  Note that
+this option does not propagate all symbol arithmetic into the object file,
+because not all symbol arithmetic can be represented.  However, the option
+can still be useful in specific applications.
+@cindex @code{-g} command line option, Alpha
+@item -g
+This option is used when the compiler generates debug information.  When
+@command{gcc} is using @command{mips-tfile} to generate debug
+information for ECOFF, local labels must be passed through to the object
+file.  Otherwise this option has no effect.
+@cindex @code{-G} command line option, Alpha
+@item -G@var{size}
+A local common symbol larger than @var{size} is placed in @code{.bss},
+while smaller symbols are placed in @code{.sbss}.
+@cindex @code{-F} command line option, Alpha
+@cindex @code{-32addr} command line option, Alpha
+@item -F
+@itemx -32addr
+These options are ignored for backward compatibility.
+@end table
+@cindex Alpha Syntax
+@node Alpha Syntax
+@section Syntax
+The assembler syntax closely follow the Alpha Reference Manual;
+assembler directives and general syntax closely follow the OSF/1 and
+OpenVMS syntax, with a few differences for ELF.
+* Alpha-Chars::                Special Characters
+* Alpha-Regs::                 Register Names
+* Alpha-Relocs::               Relocations
+@end menu
+@node Alpha-Chars
+@subsection Special Characters
+@cindex line comment character, Alpha
+@cindex Alpha line comment character
+@samp{#} is the line comment character.
+@cindex line separator, Alpha
+@cindex statement separator, Alpha
+@cindex Alpha line separator
+@samp{;} can be used instead of a newline to separate statements.
+@node Alpha-Regs
+@subsection Register Names
+@cindex Alpha registers
+@cindex register names, Alpha
+The 32 integer registers are refered to as @samp{$@var{n}} or
+@samp{$r@var{n}}.  In addition, registers 15, 28, 29, and 30 may
+be refered to by the symbols @samp{$fp}, @samp{$at}, @samp{$gp},
+and @samp{$sp} respectively.
+The 32 floating-point registers are refered to as @samp{$f@var{n}}.
+@node Alpha-Relocs
+@subsection Relocations
+@cindex Alpha relocations
+@cindex relocations, Alpha
+Some of these relocations are available for ECOFF, but mostly
+only for ELF.  They are modeled after the relocation format 
+introduced in Digial Unix 4.0, but there are additions.
+The format is @samp{!@var{tag}} or @samp{!@var{tag}!@var{number}}
+where @var{tag} is the name of the relocation.  In some cases
+@var{number} is used to relate specific instructions.
+The relocation is placed at the end of the instruction like so:
+ldah  $0,a($29)    !gprelhigh
+lda   $0,a($0)     !gprellow
+ldq   $1,b($29)    !literal!100
+ldl   $2,0($1)     !lituse_base!100
+@end example
+@table @code
+@item !literal
+@itemx !literal!@var{N}
+Used with an @code{ldq} instruction to load the address of a symbol
+from the GOT.
+A sequence number @var{N} is optional, and if present is used to pair
+@code{lituse} relocations with this @code{literal} relocation.  The
+@code{lituse} relocations are used by the linker to optimize the code
+based on the final location of the symbol.
+Note that these optimizations are dependent on the data flow of the
+program.  Therefore, if @emph{any} @code{lituse} is paired with a
+@code{literal} relocation, then @emph{all} uses of the register set by
+the @code{literal} instruction must also be marked with @code{lituse}
+relocations.  This is because the original @code{literal} instruction
+may be deleted or transformed into another instruction.
+Also note that there may be a one-to-many relationship between
+@code{literal} and @code{lituse}, but not a many-to-one.  That is, if
+there are two code paths that load up the same address and feed the
+value to a single use, then the use may not use a @code{lituse}
+@item !lituse_base!@var{N}
+Used with any memory format instruction (e.g.@: @code{ldl}) to indicate
+that the literal is used for an address load.  The offset field of the
+instruction must be zero.  During relaxation, the code may be altered
+to use a gp-relative load.
+@item !lituse_jsr!@var{N}
+Used with a register branch format instruction (e.g.@: @code{jsr}) to
+indicate that the literal is used for a call.  During relaxation, the
+code may be altered to use a direct branch (e.g.@: @code{bsr}).
+@item !lituse_bytoff!@var{N}
+Used with a byte mask instruction (e.g.@: @code{extbl}) to indicate
+that only the low 3 bits of the address are relevant.  During relaxation,
+the code may be altered to use an immediate instead of a register shift.
+@item !lituse_addr!@var{N}
+Used with any other instruction to indicate that the original address
+is in fact used, and the original @code{ldq} instruction may not be
+altered or deleted.  This is useful in conjunction with @code{lituse_jsr}
+to test whether a weak symbol is defined.
+ldq  $27,foo($29)   !literal!1
+beq  $27,is_undef   !lituse_addr!1
+jsr  $26,($27),foo  !lituse_jsr!1
+@end example
+@item !gpdisp!@var{N}
+Used with @code{ldah} and @code{lda} to load the GP from the current
+address, a-la the @code{ldgp} macro.  The source register for the
+@code{ldah} instruction must contain the address of the @code{ldah}
+instruction.  There must be exactly one @code{lda} instruction paired
+with the @code{ldah} instruction, though it may appear anywhere in 
+the instruction stream.  The immediate operands must be zero.
+bsr  $26,foo
+ldah $29,0($26)     !gpdisp!1
+lda  $29,0($29)     !gpdisp!1
+@end example
+@item !gprelhigh
+Used with an @code{ldah} instruction to add the high 16 bits of a
+32-bit displacement from the GP.
+@item !gprellow
+Used with any memory format instruction to add the low 16 bits of a
+32-bit displacement from the GP.
+@item !gprel
+Used with any memory format instruction to add a 16-bit displacement
+from the GP.
+@item !samegp
+Used with any branch format instruction to skip the GP load at the
+target address.  The referenced symbol must have the same GP as the
+source object file, and it must be declared to either not use @code{$27}
+or perform a standard GP load in the first two instructions via the
+@code{.prologue} directive.
+@end table
+@node Alpha Floating Point
+@section Floating Point
+@cindex floating point, Alpha (@sc{ieee})
+@cindex Alpha floating point (@sc{ieee})
+The Alpha family uses both @sc{ieee} and VAX floating-point numbers.
+@node Alpha Directives
+@section Alpha Assembler Directives
+@command{@value{AS}} for the Alpha supports many additional directives for
+compatibility with the native assembler.  This section describes them only
+@cindex Alpha-only directives
+These are the additional directives in @code{@value{AS}} for the Alpha:
+@table @code
+@item .arch @var{cpu}
+Specifies the target processor.  This is equivalent to the
+@option{-m@var{cpu}} command-line option.  @xref{Alpha Options, Options},
+for a list of values for @var{cpu}.
+@item .ent @var{function}[, @var{n}]
+Mark the beginning of @var{function}.  An optional number may follow for
+compatibility with the OSF/1 assembler, but is ignored.  When generating
+@code{.mdebug} information, this will create a procedure descriptor for
+the function.  In ELF, it will mark the symbol as a function a-la the
+generic @code{.type} directive.
+@item .end @var{function}
+Mark the end of @var{function}.  In ELF, it will set the size of the symbol
+a-la the generic @code{.size} directive.
+@item .mask @var{mask}, @var{offset}
+Indicate which of the integer registers are saved in the current
+function's stack frame.  @var{mask} is interpreted a bit mask in which
+bit @var{n} set indicates that register @var{n} is saved.  The registers
+are saved in a block located @var{offset} bytes from the @dfn{canonical
+frame address} (CFA) which is the value of the stack pointer on entry to
+the function.  The registers are saved sequentially, except that the
+return address register (normally @code{$26}) is saved first.
+This and the other directives that describe the stack frame are
+currently only used when generating @code{.mdebug} information.  They
+may in the future be used to generate DWARF2 @code{.debug_frame} unwind
+information for hand written assembly.
+@item .fmask @var{mask}, @var{offset}
+Indicate which of the floating-point registers are saved in the current
+stack frame.  The @var{mask} and @var{offset} parameters are interpreted
+as with @code{.mask}.
+@item .frame @var{framereg}, @var{frameoffset}, @var{retreg}[, @var{argoffset}]
+Describes the shape of the stack frame.  The frame pointer in use is
+@var{framereg}; normally this is either @code{$fp} or @code{$sp}.  The
+frame pointer is @var{frameoffset} bytes below the CFA.  The return
+address is initially located in @var{retreg} until it is saved as
+indicated in @code{.mask}.  For compatibility with OSF/1 an optional
+@var{argoffset} parameter is accepted and ignored.  It is believed to
+indicate the offset from the CFA to the saved argument registers.
+@item .prologue @var{n}
+Indicate that the stack frame is set up and all registers have been
+spilled.  The argument @var{n} indicates whether and how the function
+uses the incoming @dfn{procedure vector} (the address of the called
+function) in @code{$27}.  0 indicates that @code{$27} is not used; 1
+indicates that the first two instructions of the function use @code{$27}
+to perform a load of the GP register; 2 indicates that @code{$27} is
+used in some non-standard way and so the linker cannot elide the load of
+the procedure vector during relaxation.
+@item .gprel32 @var{expression}
+Computes the difference between the address in @var{expression} and the
+GP for the current object file, and stores it in 4 bytes.  In addition
+to being smaller than a full 8 byte address, this also does not require
+a dynamic relocation when used in a shared library.
+@item .t_floating @var{expression}
+Stores @var{expression} as an @sc{ieee} double precision value.
+@item .s_floating @var{expression}
+Stores @var{expression} as an @sc{ieee} single precision value.
+@item .f_floating @var{expression}
+Stores @var{expression} as a VAX F format value.
+@item .g_floating @var{expression}
+Stores @var{expression} as a VAX G format value.
+@item .d_floating @var{expression}
+Stores @var{expression} as a VAX D format value.
+@item .set @var{feature}
+Enables or disables various assembler features.  Using the positive
+name of the feature enables while using @samp{no@var{feature}} disables.
+@table @code
+@item at
+Indicates that macro expansions may clobber the @dfn{assembler
+temporary} (@code{$at} or @code{$28}) register.  Some macros may not be
+expanded without this and will generate an error message if @code{noat}
+is in effect.  When @code{at} is in effect, a warning will be generated
+if @code{$at} is used by the programmer.
+@item macro
+Enables the expasion of macro instructions.  Note that variants of real
+instructions, such as @code{br label} vs @code{br $31,label} are
+considered alternate forms and not macros.
+@item move
+@itemx reorder
+@itemx volatile
+These control whether and how the assembler may re-order instructions.
+Accepted for compatibility with the OSF/1 assembler, but @command{@value{AS}}
+does not do instruction scheduling, so these features are ignored.
+@end table
+@end table
+The following directives are recognized for compatibility with the OSF/1
+assembler but are ignored.
+.proc           .aproc
+.reguse         .livereg
+.option         .aent
+.ugen           .eflag
+.alias          .noalias
+@end example
+@node Alpha Opcodes
+@section Opcodes
+For detailed information on the Alpha machine instruction set, see the
+@c Attempt to work around a very overfull hbox.
+Alpha Architecture Handbook located at
+@end example
+@end iftex
+@uref{,Alpha Architecture Handbook}.
+@end ifnottex

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