c++filt [-_|--strip-underscore] [-n|--no-strip-underscore] [-p|--no-params] [-t|--types] [-i|--no-verbose] [-r|--no-recurse-limit] [-R|--recurse-limit] [-s format|--format=format] [--help] [--version] [symbol…]
The C++ and Java languages provide function overloading, which means
that you can write many functions with the same name, providing that
each function takes parameters of different types. In order to be
able to distinguish these similarly named functions C++ and Java
encode them into a low-level assembler name which uniquely identifies
each different version. This process is known as mangling. The
program does the inverse mapping: it decodes (demangles) low-level
names into user-level names so that they can be read.
Every alphanumeric word (consisting of letters, digits, underscores,
dollars, or periods) seen in the input is a potential mangled name.
If the name decodes into a C++ name, the C++ name replaces the
low-level name in the output, otherwise the original word is output.
In this way you can pass an entire assembler source file, containing
mangled names, through
c++filt and see the same source file
containing demangled names.
You can also use
c++filt to decipher individual symbols by
passing them on the command line:
If no symbol arguments are given,
c++filt reads symbol
names from the standard input instead. All the results are printed on
the standard output. The difference between reading names from the
command line versus reading names from the standard input is that
command-line arguments are expected to be just mangled names and no
checking is performed to separate them from surrounding text. Thus
c++filt -n _Z1fv
will work and demangle the name to “f()” whereas:
c++filt -n _Z1fv,
will not work. (Note the extra comma at the end of the mangled name which makes it invalid). This command however will work:
echo _Z1fv, | c++filt -n
and will display “f(),”, i.e., the demangled name followed by a trailing comma. This behaviour is because when the names are read from the standard input it is expected that they might be part of an assembler source file where there might be extra, extraneous characters trailing after a mangled name. For example:
.type _Z1fv, @function
On some systems, both the C and C++ compilers put an underscore in front
of every name. For example, the C name
foo gets the low-level
_foo. This option removes the initial underscore. Whether
c++filt removes the underscore by default is target dependent.
Do not remove the initial underscore.
When demangling the name of a function, do not display the types of the function’s parameters.
Attempt to demangle types as well as function names. This is disabled by default since mangled types are normally only used internally in the compiler, and they can be confused with non-mangled names. For example, a function called “a” treated as a mangled type name would be demangled to “signed char”.
Do not include implementation details (if any) in the demangled output.
Enables or disables a limit on the amount of recursion performed whilst demangling strings. Since the name mangling formats allow for an inifinite level of recursion it is possible to create strings whose decoding will exhaust the amount of stack space available on the host machine, triggering a memory fault. The limit tries to prevent this from happening by restricting recursion to 2048 levels of nesting.
The default is for this limit to be enabled, but disabling it may be necessary in order to demangle truly complicated names. Note however that if the recursion limit is disabled then stack exhaustion is possible and any bug reports about such an event will be rejected.
The -r option is a synonym for the --no-recurse-limit option. The -R option is a synonym for the --recurse-limit option.
c++filt can decode various methods of mangling, used by
different compilers. The argument to this option selects which
method it uses:
Automatic selection based on executable (the default method)
the one used by the GNU C++ compiler (g++)
the one used by the Lucid compiler (lcc)
the one specified by the C++ Annotated Reference Manual
the one used by the HP compiler (aCC)
the one used by the EDG compiler
the one used by the GNU C++ compiler (g++) with the V3 ABI.
the one used by the GNU Java compiler (gcj)
the one used by the GNU Ada compiler (GNAT).
Print a summary of the options to
c++filt and exit.
Print the version number of
c++filt and exit.
c++filtis a new utility, and the details of its user interface are subject to change in future releases. In particular, a command-line option may be required in the future to decode a name passed as an argument on the command line; in other words,c++filt symbol
may in a future release becomec++filt option symbol
MS-DOS does not allow + characters in file names, so on
MS-DOS this program is named