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RE: Problem using PThreads TLS from a DLL.

I have found the real problem and a resolution for this problem.  I will summarize the problem and the solution that applies only if you are using the PThreads DLL from within another DLL.

[MY-APP] uses [MY-DLL] which uses [PTHREADS-DLL]

For simplicity assume you have only one thread, that is the MY-APP/MY-DLL/PTHREAD-DLL address spaces are all within the same thread.
1) MY-APP implicitly loads MY-DLL and PTHREADS-DLL.
2) MY-DLL allocates TLS data (calloc()) and sets up a destructor (pthread_key_create()).
3) MY-APP does some work.
4) MY-APP calls exit().
5) MY-DLL is unloaded and therfore its address space is invalidated.
6) PTHREADS-DLL calls the TLS destructor on memory that was in MY-DLL's address space.
7) MY-APP crashes :(

When MY-DLL receives a DLL_PROCESS_DETACH in DllMain() (i.e. Step 5) I free() the TLS data and unset the destructor (pthread_key_delete()).  Therefore when PTHREADS-DLL unloads it won't call my invalid destructor function which tries to delete invalid memory.  MY-DLL unloads before PTHREADS-DLL because it is dependent on it.

PS If you know of a better way please let me know.

Anyhow hope this may help others later,
Aurelio Medina

-----Original Message-----
From: Ross Johnson []
Sent: Wednesday, February 06, 2002 9:06 PM
To: Aurelio Medina
Cc:; Pat Bacon
Subject: Re: Problem using PThreads TLS from a DLL.

Aurelio Medina wrote:
> Hello all,
> I've encountered a problem when using the PThreads-Win32 (PThreadVCE)
> thread local storage (TLS) routines from within my own DLL.  Before I
> dig any deeper I would like to know if anyone has seen this and/or has
> a workaround.  My DLL is calloc'ing TLS data and I believe the TLS
> destructors (which I have calling free) are firing within the main app
> and not within my DLL.  This causes the app that uses my DLL to crash
> in the TLS destructor when calling free.  It crashes beacuse the app is
> trying to free CRT memory allocated by my DLL.   Is there some PThread
> function that I can call in my DLLMain to cause the TLS destructors to
> fire when my DLL is detached?

Do I understand the problem correctly: is this because the memory is
unallocated when your DLL is unloaded and therefore free()

Are you able to join those threads before unloading
your DLL? Pthread_join() will call the destructors
for you when the threads exit.


> Thanks,
> Aurelio Medina

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