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Re: [PATCH v2] uapi glibc compat: fix compile errors when glibc net/if.h included before linux/if.h


On Sun, Apr 24, 2016 at 11:45 AM, Mikko Rapeli <mikko.rapeli@iki.fi> wrote:
> glibc's net/if.h contains copies of definitions from linux/if.h and these
> conflict and cause build failures if both files are included by application
> source code. Changes in uapi headers, which fixed header file dependencies to
> include linux/if.h when it was needed, e.g. commit 1ffad83d, made the
> net/if.h and linux/if.h incompatibilities visible as build failures for
> userspace applications like iproute2 and xtables-addons.
>
> This patch fixes compile errors when glibc net/if.h is included before
> linux/if.h:
>
> ./linux/if.h:99:21: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_NOARPâ
> ./linux/if.h:98:23: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_RUNNINGâ
> ./linux/if.h:97:26: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_NOTRAILERSâ
> ./linux/if.h:96:27: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_POINTOPOINTâ
> ./linux/if.h:95:24: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_LOOPBACKâ
> ./linux/if.h:94:21: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_DEBUGâ
> ./linux/if.h:93:25: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_BROADCASTâ
> ./linux/if.h:92:19: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_UPâ
> ./linux/if.h:252:8: error: redefinition of âstruct ifconfâ
> ./linux/if.h:203:8: error: redefinition of âstruct ifreqâ
> ./linux/if.h:169:8: error: redefinition of âstruct ifmapâ
> ./linux/if.h:107:23: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_DYNAMICâ
> ./linux/if.h:106:25: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_AUTOMEDIAâ
> ./linux/if.h:105:23: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_PORTSELâ
> ./linux/if.h:104:25: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_MULTICASTâ
> ./linux/if.h:103:21: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_SLAVEâ
> ./linux/if.h:102:22: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_MASTERâ
> ./linux/if.h:101:24: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_ALLMULTIâ
> ./linux/if.h:100:23: error: redeclaration of enumerator âIFF_PROMISCâ
>
> The cases where linux/if.h is included before net/if.h need a similar fix in
> the glibc side, or the order of include files can be changed userspace
> code as a workaround.
>
> This change was tested in x86 userspace on Debian unstable with
> scripts/headers_compile_test.sh:
>
> $ make headers_install && \
>   cd usr/include && ../../scripts/headers_compile_test.sh -l -k
> ...
> cc -Wall -c -nostdinc -I /usr/lib/gcc/i586-linux-gnu/5/include -I /usr/lib/gcc/i586-linux-gnu/5/include-fixed -I . -I /home/mcfrisk/src/linux-2.6/usr/headers_compile_test_include.2uX2zH -I /home/mcfrisk/src/linux-2.6/usr/headers_compile_test_include.2uX2zH/i586-linux-gnu -o /dev/null ./linux/if.h_libc_before_kernel.h
> PASSED libc before kernel test: ./linux/if.h
>
> Reported-by: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@inai.de>
> Reported-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org>
> Reported-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemming@brocade.com>
> Reported-by: Waldemar Brodkorb <mail@waldemar-brodkorb.de>
> Cc: Gabriel Laskar <gabriel@lse.epita.fr>
> Signed-off-by: Mikko Rapeli <mikko.rapeli@iki.fi>

Bump.  Did this get lost in a queue somewhere?

josh

> ---
>  include/uapi/linux/if.h          | 28 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/uapi/linux/libc-compat.h | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 72 insertions(+)
>
> v1:
> http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=145485386721798&w=2
>
> v2:
> Added handling for net_device_flags IFF_LOWER_UP, IFF_DORMANT and IFF_ECHO
> which are unknown to glibc as suggested by David Miller in
> http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=145650410726228&w=2
>
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/if.h b/include/uapi/linux/if.h
> index f802775..e601c8c 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/if.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/if.h
> @@ -19,14 +19,20 @@
>  #ifndef _LINUX_IF_H
>  #define _LINUX_IF_H
>
> +#include <linux/libc-compat.h>          /* for compatibility with glibc */
>  #include <linux/types.h>               /* for "__kernel_caddr_t" et al */
>  #include <linux/socket.h>              /* for "struct sockaddr" et al  */
>  #include <linux/compiler.h>            /* for "__user" et al           */
>
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFNAMSIZ
>  #define        IFNAMSIZ        16
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFNAMSIZ */
>  #define        IFALIASZ        256
>  #include <linux/hdlc/ioctl.h>
>
> +/* For glibc compatibility. An empty enum does not compile. */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO != 0 && \
> +    __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS != 0
>  /**
>   * enum net_device_flags - &struct net_device flags
>   *
> @@ -68,6 +74,8 @@
>   * @IFF_ECHO: echo sent packets. Volatile.
>   */
>  enum net_device_flags {
> +/* for compatibility with glibc net/if.h */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS
>         IFF_UP                          = 1<<0,  /* sysfs */
>         IFF_BROADCAST                   = 1<<1,  /* volatile */
>         IFF_DEBUG                       = 1<<2,  /* sysfs */
> @@ -84,11 +92,17 @@ enum net_device_flags {
>         IFF_PORTSEL                     = 1<<13, /* sysfs */
>         IFF_AUTOMEDIA                   = 1<<14, /* sysfs */
>         IFF_DYNAMIC                     = 1<<15, /* sysfs */
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO
>         IFF_LOWER_UP                    = 1<<16, /* volatile */
>         IFF_DORMANT                     = 1<<17, /* volatile */
>         IFF_ECHO                        = 1<<18, /* volatile */
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO */
>  };
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO != 0 && __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS != 0 */
>
> +/* for compatibility with glibc net/if.h */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS
>  #define IFF_UP                         IFF_UP
>  #define IFF_BROADCAST                  IFF_BROADCAST
>  #define IFF_DEBUG                      IFF_DEBUG
> @@ -105,9 +119,13 @@ enum net_device_flags {
>  #define IFF_PORTSEL                    IFF_PORTSEL
>  #define IFF_AUTOMEDIA                  IFF_AUTOMEDIA
>  #define IFF_DYNAMIC                    IFF_DYNAMIC
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS */
> +
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO
>  #define IFF_LOWER_UP                   IFF_LOWER_UP
>  #define IFF_DORMANT                    IFF_DORMANT
>  #define IFF_ECHO                       IFF_ECHO
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO */
>
>  #define IFF_VOLATILE   (IFF_LOOPBACK|IFF_POINTOPOINT|IFF_BROADCAST|IFF_ECHO|\
>                 IFF_MASTER|IFF_SLAVE|IFF_RUNNING|IFF_LOWER_UP|IFF_DORMANT)
> @@ -166,6 +184,8 @@ enum {
>   *     being very small might be worth keeping for clean configuration.
>   */
>
> +/* for compatibility with glibc net/if.h */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFMAP
>  struct ifmap {
>         unsigned long mem_start;
>         unsigned long mem_end;
> @@ -175,6 +195,7 @@ struct ifmap {
>         unsigned char port;
>         /* 3 bytes spare */
>  };
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFMAP */
>
>  struct if_settings {
>         unsigned int type;      /* Type of physical device or protocol */
> @@ -200,6 +221,8 @@ struct if_settings {
>   * remainder may be interface specific.
>   */
>
> +/* for compatibility with glibc net/if.h */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFREQ
>  struct ifreq {
>  #define IFHWADDRLEN    6
>         union
> @@ -223,6 +246,7 @@ struct ifreq {
>                 struct  if_settings ifru_settings;
>         } ifr_ifru;
>  };
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFREQ */
>
>  #define ifr_name       ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name      /* interface name       */
>  #define ifr_hwaddr     ifr_ifru.ifru_hwaddr    /* MAC address          */
> @@ -249,6 +273,8 @@ struct ifreq {
>   * must know all networks accessible).
>   */
>
> +/* for compatibility with glibc net/if.h */
> +#if __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFCONF
>  struct ifconf  {
>         int     ifc_len;                        /* size of buffer       */
>         union {
> @@ -256,6 +282,8 @@ struct ifconf  {
>                 struct ifreq __user *ifcu_req;
>         } ifc_ifcu;
>  };
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFCONF */
> +
>  #define        ifc_buf ifc_ifcu.ifcu_buf               /* buffer address       */
>  #define        ifc_req ifc_ifcu.ifcu_req               /* array of structures  */
>
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/libc-compat.h b/include/uapi/linux/libc-compat.h
> index 7d024ce..d5e38c7 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/libc-compat.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/libc-compat.h
> @@ -51,6 +51,40 @@
>  /* We have included glibc headers... */
>  #if defined(__GLIBC__)
>
> +/* Coordinate with glibc net/if.h header. */
> +#if defined(_NET_IF_H)
> +
> +/* GLIBC headers included first so don't define anything
> + * that would already be defined. */
> +
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFCONF 0
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFMAP 0
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFNAMSIZ 0
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFREQ 0
> +/* Everything up to IFF_DYNAMIC, matches net/if.h until glibc 2.23 */
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS 0
> +/* For the future if glibc adds IFF_LOWER_UP, IFF_DORMANT and IFF_ECHO */
> +#ifndef __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO 1
> +#endif /* __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO */
> +
> +#else /* _NET_IF_H */
> +
> +/* Linux headers included first, and we must define everything
> + * we need. The expectation is that glibc will check the
> + * __UAPI_DEF_* defines and adjust appropriately. */
> +
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFCONF 1
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFMAP 1
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFNAMSIZ 1
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFREQ 1
> +/* Everything up to IFF_DYNAMIC, matches net/if.h until glibc 2.23 */
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS 1
> +/* For the future if glibc adds IFF_LOWER_UP, IFF_DORMANT and IFF_ECHO */
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO 1
> +
> +#endif /* _NET_IF_H */
> +
>  /* Coordinate with glibc netinet/in.h header. */
>  #if defined(_NETINET_IN_H)
>
> @@ -117,6 +151,16 @@
>   * that we need. */
>  #else /* !defined(__GLIBC__) */
>
> +/* Definitions for if.h */
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFCONF 1
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFMAP 1
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFNAMSIZ 1
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_IFREQ 1
> +/* Everything up to IFF_DYNAMIC, matches net/if.h until glibc 2.23 */
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS 1
> +/* For the future if glibc adds IFF_LOWER_UP, IFF_DORMANT and IFF_ECHO */
> +#define __UAPI_DEF_IF_NET_DEVICE_FLAGS_LOWER_UP_DORMANT_ECHO 1
> +
>  /* Definitions for in.h */
>  #define __UAPI_DEF_IN_ADDR             1
>  #define __UAPI_DEF_IN_IPPROTO          1
> --
> 2.8.0.rc3
>


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