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GDB 5.1.91 available
- From: Andrew Cagney <ac131313 at cygnus dot com>
- To: gdb at sources dot redhat dot com
- Date: Thu, 18 Apr 2002 19:43:03 -0400
- Subject: GDB 5.1.91 available
This is (finally) a test tar ball. The intent is for people to give
this a smoke test:
o does it build
o does the sequence
(gdb) break main
I've attached the draft gdb/README file - need to commit it before the
The hope is to, in 7 days, come up with a final release candidate (which
would be available for a day) before becomming 5.2.
README for gdb-5.2 release
Updated 17 April, 2002 by Andrew Cagney
This is GDB, the GNU source-level debugger.
A summary of new features is in the file `gdb/NEWS'.
Check the GDB home page at http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb/ for up to
date release information, mailing list links and archives, etc.
The file `gdb/PROBLEMS' contains information on problems identified
late in the release cycle. GDB's bug tracking data base at
http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb/bugs/ contains a more complete list of
Unpacking and Installation -- quick overview
In this release, the GDB debugger sources, the generic GNU include
files, the BFD ("binary file description") library, the readline
library, and other libraries all have directories of their own
underneath the gdb-5.2 directory. The idea is that a variety of GNU
tools can share a common copy of these things. Be aware of variation
over time--for example don't try to build gdb with a copy of bfd from
a release other than the gdb release (such as a binutils release),
especially if the releases are more than a few weeks apart.
Configuration scripts and makefiles exist to cruise up and down this
directory tree and automatically build all the pieces in the right
When you unpack the gdb-5.2.tar.gz file, you'll find a directory
called `gdb-5.2', which contains:
COPYING config.sub intl missing opcodes
COPYING.LIB configure libiberty mkinstalldirs readline
Makefile.in configure.in libtool.m4 mmalloc sim
README djunpack.bat ltcf-c.sh move-if-change symlink-tree
bfd etc ltcf-cxx.sh mpw-README texinfo
config gdb ltcf-gcj.sh mpw-build.in utils
config-ml.in gettext.m4 ltconfig mpw-config.in ylwrap
config.guess include ltmain.sh mpw-configure
config.if install-sh md5.sum mpw-install
You can build GDB right in the source directory:
cp gdb/gdb /usr/local/bin/gdb (or wherever you want)
However, we recommend that an empty directory be used instead.
This way you do not clutter your source tree with binary files
and will be able to create different builds with different
You can build GDB in any empty build directory:
<full path to your sources>/gdb-5.2/configure
cp gdb/gdb /usr/local/bin/gdb (or wherever you want)
(Building GDB with DJGPP tools for MS-DOS/MS-Windows is slightly
different; see the file gdb-5.2/gdb/config/djgpp/README for details.)
This will configure and build all the libraries as well as GDB. If
`configure' can't determine your system type, specify one as its
argument, e.g., `./configure sun4' or `./configure decstation'.
If you get compiler errors during this stage, see the `Reporting
Bugs' section below; there are a few known problems.
GDB requires an ISO C (ANSI C) compiler. If you do not have an ISO
C compiler for your system, you may be able to download and install
the GNU CC compiler. It is available via anonymous FTP from the
GDB can be used as a cross-debugger, running on a machine of one
type while debugging a program running on a machine of another type.
All the documentation for GDB comes as part of the machine-readable
distribution. The documentation is written in Texinfo format, which
is a documentation system that uses a single source file to produce
both on-line information and a printed manual. You can use one of the
Info formatting commands to create the on-line version of the
documentation and TeX (or `texi2roff') to typeset the printed version.
GDB includes an already formatted copy of the on-line Info version
of this manual in the `gdb/doc' subdirectory. The main Info file is
`gdb-5.2/gdb/doc/gdb.info', and it refers to subordinate files
matching `gdb.info*' in the same directory. If necessary, you can
print out these files, or read them with any editor; but they are
easier to read using the `info' subsystem in GNU Emacs or the
standalone `info' program, available as part of the GNU Texinfo
If you want to format these Info files yourself, you need one of the
Info formatting programs, such as `texinfo-format-buffer' or
If you have `makeinfo' installed, and are in the top level GDB
source directory (`gdb-5.2', in the case of version 5.2), you can make
the Info file by typing:
If you want to typeset and print copies of this manual, you need
TeX, a program to print its DVI output files, and `texinfo.tex', the
Texinfo definitions file. This file is included in the GDB
distribution, in the directory `gdb-5.2/texinfo'.
TeX is a typesetting program; it does not print files directly, but
produces output files called DVI files. To print a typeset document,
you need a program to print DVI files. If your system has TeX
installed, chances are it has such a program. The precise command to
use depends on your system; `lpr -d' is common; another (for PostScript
devices) is `dvips'. The DVI print command may require a file name
without any extension or a `.dvi' extension.
TeX also requires a macro definitions file called `texinfo.tex'.
This file tells TeX how to typeset a document written in Texinfo
format. On its own, TeX cannot read, much less typeset a Texinfo file.
`texinfo.tex' is distributed with GDB and is located in the
If you have TeX and a DVI printer program installed, you can typeset
and print this manual. First switch to the the `gdb' subdirectory of
the main source directory (for example, to `gdb-5.2/gdb') and then type:
If you prefer to have the manual in PDF format, type this from the
`gdb/doc' subdirectory of the main source directory:
For this to work, you will need the PDFTeX package to be installed.
GDB comes with a `configure' script that automates the process of
preparing GDB for installation; you can then use `make' to build the
The GDB distribution includes all the source code you need for GDB in
a single directory, whose name is usually composed by appending the
version number to `gdb'.
For example, the GDB version 5.2 distribution is in the `gdb-5.2'
directory. That directory contains:
Standard GNU license files. Please read them.
source for the Binary File Descriptor library
script for configuring GDB, along with other support files
the source specific to GDB itself
GNU include files
source for the `-liberty' free software library
source for the GNU memory-mapped malloc package
source for the library of opcode tables and disassemblers
source for the GNU command-line interface
NOTE: The readline library is compiled for use by GDB, but will
not be installed on your system when "make install" is issued.
source for some simulators (ARM, D10V, SPARC, M32R, MIPS, PPC, V850, etc)
source for the GNU gettext library, for internationalization.
This is slightly modified from the standalone gettext
distribution you can get from GNU.
The `texinfo.tex' file, which you need in order to make a printed
manual using TeX.
Coding standards, useful files for editing GDB, and other
A grab bag of random utilities.
Note: the following instructions are for building GDB on Unix or
Unix-like systems. Instructions for building with DJGPP for
MS-DOS/MS-Windows are in the file gdb/config/djgpp/README.
The simplest way to configure and build GDB is to run `configure'
from the `gdb-VERSION-NUMBER' source directory, which in this example
is the `gdb-5.2' directory.
First switch to the `gdb-VERSION-NUMBER' source directory if you are
not already in it; then run `configure'.
Running `configure' followed by `make' builds the `bfd',
`readline', `mmalloc', and `libiberty' libraries, then `gdb' itself.
The configured source files, and the binaries, are left in the
corresponding source directories.
`configure' is a Bourne-shell (`/bin/sh') script; if your system
does not recognize this automatically when you run a different shell,
you may need to run `sh' on it explicitly:
If you run `configure' from a directory that contains source
directories for multiple libraries or programs, such as the `gdb-5.2'
source directory for version 5.2, `configure' creates configuration
files for every directory level underneath (unless you tell it not to,
with the `--norecursion' option).
You can run the `configure' script from any of the subordinate
directories in the GDB distribution, if you only want to configure that
subdirectory; but be sure to specify a path to it.
For example, with version 5.2, type the following to configure only
the `bfd' subdirectory:
You can install `gdb' anywhere; it has no hardwired paths. However,
you should make sure that the shell on your path (named by the `SHELL'
environment variable) is publicly readable. Remember that GDB uses the
shell to start your program--some systems refuse to let GDB debug child
processes whose programs are not readable.
Compiling GDB in another directory
If you want to run GDB versions for several host or target machines,
you need a different `gdb' compiled for each combination of host and
target. `configure' is designed to make this easy by allowing you to
generate each configuration in a separate subdirectory, rather than in
the source directory. If your `make' program handles the `VPATH'
feature correctly (GNU `make' and SunOS 'make' are two that should),
running `make' in each of these directories builds the `gdb' program
To build `gdb' in a separate directory, run `configure' with the
`--srcdir' option to specify where to find the source. (You also need
to specify a path to find `configure' itself from your working
directory. If the path to `configure' would be the same as the
argument to `--srcdir', you can leave out the `--srcdir' option; it
will be assumed.)
For example, with version 5.2, you can build GDB in a separate
directory for a Sun 4 like this:
When `configure' builds a configuration using a remote source
directory, it creates a tree for the binaries with the same structure
(and using the same names) as the tree under the source directory. In
the example, you'd find the Sun 4 library `libiberty.a' in the
directory `gdb-sun4/libiberty', and GDB itself in `gdb-sun4/gdb'.
One popular reason to build several GDB configurations in separate
directories is to configure GDB for cross-compiling (where GDB runs on
one machine--the host--while debugging programs that run on another
machine--the target). You specify a cross-debugging target by giving
the `--target=TARGET' option to `configure'.
When you run `make' to build a program or library, you must run it
in a configured directory--whatever directory you were in when you
called `configure' (or one of its subdirectories).
The `Makefile' that `configure' generates in each source directory
also runs recursively. If you type `make' in a source directory such
as `gdb-5.2' (or in a separate configured directory configured with
`--srcdir=PATH/gdb-5.2'), you will build all the required libraries,
and then build GDB.
When you have multiple hosts or targets configured in separate
directories, you can run `make' on them in parallel (for example, if
they are NFS-mounted on each of the hosts); they will not interfere
with each other.
Specifying names for hosts and targets
The specifications used for hosts and targets in the `configure'
script are based on a three-part naming scheme, but some short
predefined aliases are also supported. The full naming scheme encodes
three pieces of information in the following pattern:
For example, you can use the alias `sun4' as a HOST argument or in a
`--target=TARGET' option. The equivalent full name is
The `configure' script accompanying GDB does not provide any query
facility to list all supported host and target names or aliases.
`configure' calls the Bourne shell script `config.sub' to map
abbreviations to full names; you can read the script, if you wish, or
you can use it to test your guesses on abbreviations--for example:
% sh config.sub sun4
% sh config.sub sun3
% sh config.sub decstation
% sh config.sub hp300bsd
% sh config.sub i386v
% sh config.sub i786v
Invalid configuration `i786v': machine `i786v' not recognized
`config.sub' is also distributed in the GDB source directory
(`gdb-5.2', for version 5.2).
Here is a summary of the `configure' options and arguments that are
most often useful for building GDB. `configure' also has several other
options not listed here. *note : (configure.info)What Configure Does,
for a full explanation of `configure'.
You may introduce options with a single `-' rather than `--' if you
prefer; but you may abbreviate option names if you use `--'.
Display a quick summary of how to invoke `configure'.
Configure the source to install programs and files under directory
*Warning: using this option requires GNU `make', or another `make'
that compatibly implements the `VPATH' feature.*
Use this option to make configurations in directories separate
from the GDB source directories. Among other things, you can use
this to build (or maintain) several configurations simultaneously,
in separate directories. `configure' writes configuration
specific files in the current directory, but arranges for them to
use the source in the directory PATH. `configure' will create
directories under the working directory in parallel to the source
directories below PATH.
Configure only the directory level where `configure' is executed;
do not propagate configuration to subdirectories.
Remove the configuration that the other arguments specify.
When building the GDB sources, ask the compiler to warn about any
code which looks even vaguely suspicious. You should only using
this feature if you're compiling with GNU CC. It passes the
Configure GDB for cross-debugging programs running on the specified
TARGET. Without this option, GDB is configured to debug programs
that run on the same machine (HOST) as GDB itself.
There is no convenient way to generate a list of all available
Configure GDB to run on the specified HOST.
There is no convenient way to generate a list of all available
Same as `--host=HOST'. If you omit this, GDB will guess; it's
`configure' accepts other options, for compatibility with configuring
other GNU tools recursively; but these are the only options that affect
GDB or its supporting libraries.
The files m68k-stub.c, i386-stub.c, and sparc-stub.c are examples
of remote stubs to be used with remote.c. They are designed to run
standalone on an m68k, i386, or SPARC cpu and communicate properly
with the remote.c stub over a serial line.
The directory gdb/gdbserver/ contains `gdbserver', a program that
allows remote debugging for Unix applications. gdbserver is only
supported for some native configurations, including Sun 3, Sun 4, and
There are a number of remote interfaces for talking to existing ROM
monitors and other hardware:
remote-adapt.c AMD 29000 "Adapt"
remote-array.c Array Tech RAID controller
remote-bug.c Motorola BUG monitor
remote-e7000.c Hitachi E7000 ICE
remote-eb.c AMD 29000 "EBMON"
remote-es.c Ericsson 1800 monitor
remote-est.c EST emulator
remote-hms.c Hitachi Micro Systems H8/300 monitor
remote-mips.c MIPS remote debugging protocol
remote-mm.c AMD 29000 "minimon"
remote-nindy.c Intel 960 "Nindy"
remote-nrom.c NetROM ROM emulator
remote-os9k.c PC running OS/9000
remote-rdi.c ARM with Angel monitor
remote-rdp.c ARM with Demon monitor
remote-sds.c PowerPC SDS monitor
remote-sim.c Generalized simulator protocol
remote-st.c Tandem ST-2000 monitor
remote-udi.c AMD 29000 using the AMD "Universal Debug Interface"
remote-vx.c VxWorks realtime kernel
Remote-vx.c and the vx-share subdirectory contain a remote
interface for the VxWorks realtime kernel, which communicates over TCP
using the Sun RPC library. This would be a useful starting point for
other remote- via-ethernet back ends.
Remote-udi.c and the 29k-share subdirectory contain a remote
interface for AMD 29000 programs, which uses the AMD "Universal Debug
Interface". This allows GDB to talk to software simulators,
emulators, and/or bare hardware boards, via network or serial
interfaces. Note that GDB only provides an interface that speaks UDI,
not a complete solution. You will need something on the other end
that also speaks UDI.
Reporting Bugs in GDB
There are several ways of reporting bugs in GDB. The prefered
method is to use the World Wide Web:
As an alternative, the bug report can be submitted, via e-mail, to the
When submitting a bug, please include the GDB version number (e.g.,
gdb-5.2), and how you configured it (e.g., "sun4" or "mach386 host,
i586-intel-synopsys target"). Since GDB now supports so many
different configurations, it is important that you be precise about
this. If at all possible, you should include the actual banner that
GDB prints when it starts up, or failing that, the actual configure
command that you used when configuring GDB.
For more information on how/whether to report bugs, see the
Reporting Bugs chapter of the GDB manual (gdb/doc/gdb.texinfo).
Graphical interface to GDB -- X Windows, MS Windows
Several graphical interfaces to GDB are available. You should
for an up-to-date list.
Emacs users will very likely enjoy the Grand Unified Debugger mode;
try typing `M-x gdb RET'.
Writing Code for GDB
There is a lot of information about writing code for GDB in the
internals manual, distributed with GDB in gdb/doc/gdbint.texinfo. You
can read it by hand, print it by using TeX and texinfo, or process it
into an `info' file for use with Emacs' info mode or the standalone
If you are pondering writing anything but a short patch, especially
take note of the information about copyrights in the node Submitting
Patches. It can take quite a while to get all the paperwork done, so
we encourage you to start that process as soon as you decide you are
planning to work on something, or at least well ahead of when you
think you will be ready to submit the patches.
Included with the GDB distribution is a DejaGNU based testsuite
that can either be used to test your newly built GDB, or for
regression testing a GDB with local modifications.
Running the testsuite requires the prior installation of DejaGNU,
which is generally available via ftp. The directory
ftp://sources.redhat.com/pub/dejagnu/ will contain a recent snapshot.
Once DejaGNU is installed, you can run the tests in one of the
(1) cd gdb-5.2
(2) cd gdb-5.2/gdb
(3) cd gdb-5.2/gdb/testsuite
make site.exp (builds the site specific file)
runtest -tool gdb GDB=../gdb (or GDB=<somepath> as appropriate)
The last method gives you slightly more control in case of problems
with building one or more test executables or if you are using the
testsuite `standalone', without it being part of the GDB source tree.
See the DejaGNU documentation for further details.
(this is for editing this file with GNU emacs)