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[binutils-gdb] Fix error message and use-after-free on errors in nested sourced files


*** TEST RESULTS FOR COMMIT 6caa91b6e58a563be7eeb2844fd2622158d78354 ***

Author: Simon Marchi <simon.marchi@polymtl.ca>
Branch: master
Commit: 6caa91b6e58a563be7eeb2844fd2622158d78354

Fix error message and use-after-free on errors in nested sourced files

Errors that happen in nested sourced files (when a sourced file sources
another file) lead to a wrong error message, or use-after-free.

For example, if I put this in "a.gdb":

    command_that_doesnt_exist

and this in "b.gdb":

   source a.gdb

and try to "source b.gdb" in GDB, the result may look like this:

    (gdb) source b.gdb
    b.gdb:1: Error in sourced command file:
    _that_doesnt_exist:1: Error in sourced command file:
    Undefined command: "command_that_doesnt_exist".  Try "help".

Notice the wrong file name where "a.gdb" should be.  The exact result
may differ, depending on the feelings of the memory allocator.

What happens is:

- The "source a.gdb" command is saved by command_line_append_input_line
  in command_line_input's static buffer.
- Since we are sourcing a file, the script_from_file function stores the
  script name (a.gdb) in the source_file_name global.  However, it doesn't
  do a copy, it just saves a pointer to command_line_input's static buffer.
- The "command_that_doesnt_exist" command is saved by
  command_line_append_input_line in command_line_input's static buffer.
  Depending on what xrealloc does, source_file_name may now point to
  freed memory, or at the minimum the data it was pointing to was
  overwritten.
- When the error is handled in script_from_file, we dererence
  source_file_name to print the name of the file in which the error
  occured.

To fix it, I made source_file_name an std::string, so that keeps a copy of
the file name instead of pointing to a buffer with a too small
lifetime.

With this patch, the expected filename is printed, and no use-after-free
occurs:

    (gdb) source b.gdb
    b.gdb:1: Error in sourced command file:
    a.gdb:1: Error in sourced command file:
    Undefined command: "command_that_doesnt_exist".  Try "help".

I passed explicit template parameters to make_scoped_restore
(<std::string, const std::string &>), so that the second parameter is
passed by reference and avoid a copy.

It was not as obvious as I first thought to change gdb.base/source.exp
to test this, because source commands inside sourced files are
interpreted relative to GDB's current working directory, not the
directory of the currently sourced file.  As a workaround, I moved the
snippet that tests errors after the snippet that adds the source
directory to the search path.  This way, the "source source-error-1.gdb"
line in source-error.exp manages to find the file.

For reference, here is what ASAN reports when use-after-free occurs:

(gdb) source b.gdb
=================================================================
==18498==ERROR: AddressSanitizer: heap-use-after-free on address 0x60c000019847 at pc 0x7f1d3645de8e bp 0x7ffdcb892e50 sp 0x7ffdcb8925c8
READ of size 6 at 0x60c000019847 thread T0
    #0 0x7f1d3645de8d in printf_common /build/gcc/src/gcc/libsanitizer/sanitizer_common/sanitizer_common_interceptors_format.inc:546
    #1 0x7f1d36477175 in __interceptor_vasprintf /build/gcc/src/gcc/libsanitizer/sanitizer_common/sanitizer_common_interceptors.inc:1525
    #2 0x5632eaffa277 in xstrvprintf(char const*, __va_list_tag*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/common-utils.c:122
    #3 0x5632eaff96d1 in throw_it /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/common-exceptions.c:351
    #4 0x5632eaff98df in throw_verror(errors, char const*, __va_list_tag*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/common-exceptions.c:379
    #5 0x5632eaff9a2a in throw_error(errors, char const*, ...) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/common-exceptions.c:394
    #6 0x5632eafca21a in script_from_file(_IO_FILE*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-script.c:1553
    #7 0x5632eaf8a500 in source_script_from_stream /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:569
    #8 0x5632eaf8a735 in source_script_with_search /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:605
    #9 0x5632eaf8ab20 in source_command /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:664
    #10 0x5632eafa8b4a in do_const_cfunc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:106
    #11 0x5632eafb0687 in cmd_func(cmd_list_element*, char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:1892
    #12 0x5632ebf3dd87 in execute_command(char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:630
    #13 0x5632eb3b25d3 in command_handler(char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:583
    #14 0x5632ebf3cf09 in read_command_file(_IO_FILE*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:425
    #15 0x5632eafca054 in script_from_file(_IO_FILE*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-script.c:1547
    #16 0x5632eaf8a500 in source_script_from_stream /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:569
    #17 0x5632eaf8a735 in source_script_with_search /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:605
    #18 0x5632eaf8ab20 in source_command /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:664
    #19 0x5632eafa8b4a in do_const_cfunc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:106
    #20 0x5632eafb0687 in cmd_func(cmd_list_element*, char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:1892
    #21 0x5632ebf3dd87 in execute_command(char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:630
    #22 0x5632eb3b25d3 in command_handler(char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:583
    #23 0x5632eb3b2f87 in command_line_handler(std::unique_ptr<char, gdb::xfree_deleter<char> >&&) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:770
    #24 0x5632eb3b0fe1 in gdb_rl_callback_handler /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:213
    #25 0x5632ec1c8729 in rl_callback_read_char /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/readline/callback.c:220
    #26 0x5632eb3b0b8f in gdb_rl_callback_read_char_wrapper_noexcept /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:175
    #27 0x5632eb3b0da1 in gdb_rl_callback_read_char_wrapper /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:192
    #28 0x5632eb3b2186 in stdin_event_handler(int, void*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:511
    #29 0x5632eb3aa6a9 in handle_file_event /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:733
    #30 0x5632eb3aaf41 in gdb_wait_for_event /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:859
    #31 0x5632eb3a88ea in gdb_do_one_event() /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:347
    #32 0x5632eb3a89bf in start_event_loop() /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:371
    #33 0x5632eb76fbfc in captured_command_loop /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/main.c:330
    #34 0x5632eb772ea8 in captured_main /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/main.c:1176
    #35 0x5632eb773071 in gdb_main(captured_main_args*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/main.c:1192
    #36 0x5632eabfe7f9 in main /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/gdb.c:32
    #37 0x7f1d3554f222 in __libc_start_main (/usr/lib/libc.so.6+0x24222)
    #38 0x5632eabfe5dd in _start (/home/simark/build/binutils-gdb/gdb/gdb+0x195d5dd)

0x60c000019847 is located 7 bytes inside of 128-byte region [0x60c000019840,0x60c0000198c0)
freed by thread T0 here:
    #0 0x7f1d36502491 in __interceptor_realloc /build/gcc/src/gcc/libsanitizer/asan/asan_malloc_linux.cc:105
    #1 0x5632eaff9f47 in xrealloc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/common-utils.c:62
    #2 0x5632eaff6b44 in buffer_grow(buffer*, char const*, unsigned long) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/buffer.c:40
    #3 0x5632eb3b271d in command_line_append_input_line /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:614
    #4 0x5632eb3b28c6 in handle_line_of_input(buffer*, char const*, int, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:654
    #5 0x5632ebf402a6 in command_line_input(char const*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:1252
    #6 0x5632ebf3cee9 in read_command_file(_IO_FILE*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:422
    #7 0x5632eafca054 in script_from_file(_IO_FILE*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-script.c:1547
    #8 0x5632eaf8a500 in source_script_from_stream /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:569
    #9 0x5632eaf8a735 in source_script_with_search /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:605
    #10 0x5632eaf8ab20 in source_command /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:664
    #11 0x5632eafa8b4a in do_const_cfunc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:106
    #12 0x5632eafb0687 in cmd_func(cmd_list_element*, char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:1892
    #13 0x5632ebf3dd87 in execute_command(char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:630
    #14 0x5632eb3b25d3 in command_handler(char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:583
    #15 0x5632ebf3cf09 in read_command_file(_IO_FILE*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:425
    #16 0x5632eafca054 in script_from_file(_IO_FILE*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-script.c:1547
    #17 0x5632eaf8a500 in source_script_from_stream /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:569
    #18 0x5632eaf8a735 in source_script_with_search /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:605
    #19 0x5632eaf8ab20 in source_command /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:664
    #20 0x5632eafa8b4a in do_const_cfunc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:106
    #21 0x5632eafb0687 in cmd_func(cmd_list_element*, char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:1892
    #22 0x5632ebf3dd87 in execute_command(char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:630
    #23 0x5632eb3b25d3 in command_handler(char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:583
    #24 0x5632eb3b2f87 in command_line_handler(std::unique_ptr<char, gdb::xfree_deleter<char> >&&) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:770
    #25 0x5632eb3b0fe1 in gdb_rl_callback_handler /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:213
    #26 0x5632ec1c8729 in rl_callback_read_char /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/readline/callback.c:220
    #27 0x5632eb3b0b8f in gdb_rl_callback_read_char_wrapper_noexcept /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:175
    #28 0x5632eb3b0da1 in gdb_rl_callback_read_char_wrapper /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:192
    #29 0x5632eb3b2186 in stdin_event_handler(int, void*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:511

previously allocated by thread T0 here:
    #0 0x7f1d36502491 in __interceptor_realloc /build/gcc/src/gcc/libsanitizer/asan/asan_malloc_linux.cc:105
    #1 0x5632eaff9f47 in xrealloc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/common-utils.c:62
    #2 0x5632eaff6b44 in buffer_grow(buffer*, char const*, unsigned long) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/common/buffer.c:40
    #3 0x5632eb3b271d in command_line_append_input_line /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:614
    #4 0x5632eb3b28c6 in handle_line_of_input(buffer*, char const*, int, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:654
    #5 0x5632ebf402a6 in command_line_input(char const*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:1252
    #6 0x5632ebf3cee9 in read_command_file(_IO_FILE*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:422
    #7 0x5632eafca054 in script_from_file(_IO_FILE*, char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-script.c:1547
    #8 0x5632eaf8a500 in source_script_from_stream /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:569
    #9 0x5632eaf8a735 in source_script_with_search /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:605
    #10 0x5632eaf8ab20 in source_command /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-cmds.c:664
    #11 0x5632eafa8b4a in do_const_cfunc /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:106
    #12 0x5632eafb0687 in cmd_func(cmd_list_element*, char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/cli/cli-decode.c:1892
    #13 0x5632ebf3dd87 in execute_command(char const*, int) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/top.c:630
    #14 0x5632eb3b25d3 in command_handler(char const*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:583
    #15 0x5632eb3b2f87 in command_line_handler(std::unique_ptr<char, gdb::xfree_deleter<char> >&&) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:770
    #16 0x5632eb3b0fe1 in gdb_rl_callback_handler /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:213
    #17 0x5632ec1c8729 in rl_callback_read_char /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/readline/callback.c:220
    #18 0x5632eb3b0b8f in gdb_rl_callback_read_char_wrapper_noexcept /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:175
    #19 0x5632eb3b0da1 in gdb_rl_callback_read_char_wrapper /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:192
    #20 0x5632eb3b2186 in stdin_event_handler(int, void*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-top.c:511
    #21 0x5632eb3aa6a9 in handle_file_event /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:733
    #22 0x5632eb3aaf41 in gdb_wait_for_event /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:859
    #23 0x5632eb3a88ea in gdb_do_one_event() /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:347
    #24 0x5632eb3a89bf in start_event_loop() /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/event-loop.c:371
    #25 0x5632eb76fbfc in captured_command_loop /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/main.c:330
    #26 0x5632eb772ea8 in captured_main /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/main.c:1176
    #27 0x5632eb773071 in gdb_main(captured_main_args*) /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/main.c:1192
    #28 0x5632eabfe7f9 in main /home/simark/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/gdb.c:32
    #29 0x7f1d3554f222 in __libc_start_main (/usr/lib/libc.so.6+0x24222)

SUMMARY: AddressSanitizer: heap-use-after-free /build/gcc/src/gcc/libsanitizer/sanitizer_common/sanitizer_common_interceptors_format.inc:546 in printf_common

gdb/ChangeLog:

	* top.h (source_file_name): Change to std::string.
	* top.c (source_file_name): Likewise.
	(command_line_input): Adjust.
	* cli/cli-script.c (script_from_file): Adjust.

gdb/testsuite/ChangeLog:

	* gdb.base/source.exp: Move "error in sourced script" code to
	the end.
	* gdb.base/source-error.gdb: Move contents to
	source-error-1.gdb.  Add new code to source source-error-1.gdb.
	* gdb.base/source-error-1.gdb: New file, from previous
	source-error.gdb.


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