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[PATCH v2] Fix python-interactive with Python 3.6

New in v2:

 - Define PyMem_RawMalloc as PyMem_Malloc for Python < 3.4 and use
   PyMem_RawMalloc in the code.

Since Python 3.4, the callback installed in PyOS_ReadlineFunctionPointer
should return a value allocated with PyMem_RawMalloc instead of
PyMem_Malloc.  The reason is that PyMem_Malloc must be called with the
Python Global Interpreter Lock (GIL) held, which is not the case in the
context where this function is called.  PyMem_RawMalloc was introduced
for cases like this.

In Python 3.6, it looks like they added an assert to verify that
PyMem_Malloc was not called without the GIL.  The consequence is that
typing anything in the python-interactive mode of gdb crashes the
process.  The same behavior was observed with the official package on
Arch Linux as well as with a manual Python build on Ubuntu 14.04.

This is what is shown with a debug build of Python 3.6 (the error with a
non-debug build is far less clear):

  (gdb) pi
  >>> print(1)
  Fatal Python error: Python memory allocator called without holding the GIL

  Current thread 0x00007f1459af8780 (most recent call first):
  [1]    21326 abort      ./gdb

and the backtrace:

  #0  0x00007ffff618bc37 in raise () from /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/
  #1  0x00007ffff618f028 in abort () from /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/
  #2  0x00007ffff6b104d6 in Py_FatalError (msg=msg@entry=0x7ffff6ba15b8 "Python memory allocator called without holding the GIL") at Python/pylifecycle.c:1457
  #3  0x00007ffff6a37a68 in _PyMem_DebugCheckGIL () at Objects/obmalloc.c:1972
  #4  0x00007ffff6a3804e in _PyMem_DebugFree (ctx=0x7ffff6e65290 <_PyMem_Debug+48>, ptr=0x24f8830) at Objects/obmalloc.c:1994
  #5  0x00007ffff6a38e1d in PyMem_Free (ptr=<optimized out>) at Objects/obmalloc.c:442
  #6  0x00007ffff6b866c6 in _PyFaulthandler_Fini () at ./Modules/faulthandler.c:1369
  #7  0x00007ffff6b104bd in Py_FatalError (msg=msg@entry=0x7ffff6ba15b8 "Python memory allocator called without holding the GIL") at Python/pylifecycle.c:1431
  #8  0x00007ffff6a37a68 in _PyMem_DebugCheckGIL () at Objects/obmalloc.c:1972
  #9  0x00007ffff6a37aa3 in _PyMem_DebugMalloc (ctx=0x7ffff6e65290 <_PyMem_Debug+48>, nbytes=5) at Objects/obmalloc.c:1980
  #10 0x00007ffff6a38d91 in PyMem_Malloc (size=<optimized out>) at Objects/obmalloc.c:418
  #11 0x000000000064dbe2 in gdbpy_readline_wrapper (sys_stdin=0x7ffff6514640 <_IO_2_1_stdin_>, sys_stdout=0x7ffff6514400 <_IO_2_1_stdout_>, prompt=0x7ffff4d4f7d0 ">>> ")
    at /home/emaisin/src/binutils-gdb/gdb/python/py-gdb-readline.c:75

The documentation is very clear about it [1] and it was also mentioned
in the "What's New In Python 3.4" page [2].



	* python/python-internal.h (PyMem_RawMalloc): Define for
	Python < 3.4.
	* python/py-gdb-readline.c (gdbpy_readline_wrapper): Use
	PyMem_RawMalloc instead of PyMem_Malloc.
 gdb/python/py-gdb-readline.c | 5 +++--
 gdb/python/python-internal.h | 7 +++++++
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/gdb/python/py-gdb-readline.c b/gdb/python/py-gdb-readline.c
index 8b396db443..a02fa8ce6f 100644
--- a/gdb/python/py-gdb-readline.c
+++ b/gdb/python/py-gdb-readline.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
 #include "python-internal.h"
 #include "top.h"
 #include "cli/cli-utils.h"
 /* Readline function suitable for PyOS_ReadlineFunctionPointer, which
    is used for Python's interactive parser and raw_input.  In both
    cases, sys_stdin and sys_stdout are always stdin and stdout
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@ gdbpy_readline_wrapper (FILE *sys_stdin, FILE *sys_stdout,
   /* Detect EOF (Ctrl-D).  */
   if (p == NULL)
-      q = (char *) PyMem_Malloc (1);
+      q = (char *) PyMem_RawMalloc (1);
       if (q != NULL)
 	q[0] = '\0';
       return q;
@@ -72,7 +73,7 @@ gdbpy_readline_wrapper (FILE *sys_stdin, FILE *sys_stdout,
   n = strlen (p);
   /* Copy the line to Python and return.  */
-  q = (char *) PyMem_Malloc (n + 2);
+  q = (char *) PyMem_RawMalloc (n + 2);
   if (q != NULL)
       strncpy (q, p, n);
diff --git a/gdb/python/python-internal.h b/gdb/python/python-internal.h
index 908a878095..e2ebc1b8a2 100644
--- a/gdb/python/python-internal.h
+++ b/gdb/python/python-internal.h
@@ -172,6 +172,13 @@ typedef unsigned long gdb_py_ulongest;
 typedef long Py_hash_t;
+/* PyMem_RawMalloc appeared in Python 3.4.  For earlier versions, we can just
+   fall back to PyMem_Malloc.  */
+#if PY_VERSION_HEX < 0x03040000
+#define PyMem_RawMalloc PyMem_Malloc
 /* Python 2.6 did not wrap Py_DECREF in 'do {...} while (0)', leading
    to 'suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous ‘else’' gcc errors.
    Wrap it ourselves, so that callers don't need to care.  */

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