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[binutils-gdb] binutils: Add new GNU format mode to `size` utility


https://sourceware.org/git/gitweb.cgi?p=binutils-gdb.git;h=46cbf38dc3a7c6d0e339f95d56590711b06427a1

commit 46cbf38dc3a7c6d0e339f95d56590711b06427a1
Author: Andrew Burgess <andrew.burgess@embecosm.com>
Date:   Thu Jan 24 14:27:27 2019 +0000

    binutils: Add new GNU format mode to `size` utility
    
    The size tool currently defaults to berkeley format output.  However,
    this output format has a weird quirk, read-only data is counted
    against the text sections, not the data sections.
    
    The code offers no real explanation for why this is, but I'm reluctant
    to change it for two reasons, first, I'm assuming it probably makes
    sense in some case that I'm not thinking of (maybe a target where
    sections are not marked executable, and so there's no distinction
    between read-only data and code), and second, the code has been this
    way for at least 20 years, I worry that changing things now might
    cause more confusion than it solves.
    
    This commit then introduces a new output format for the size tool,
    this new format displays the results in a similar manor to the
    berkeley format, but counts read-only data in the data column, and
    only executable sections are counted in the text column.
    
    Given that this is a brand new output format I've gone ahead and
    simplified things a little, while the berkeley format displays the
    total twice, once in decimal and once in hex, the new display format
    just displays the total in decimal.  Of course, there's still the
    '--radix' option which can be used to display all the results in
    hexadecimal or octal.
    
    I've called the new format 'gnu', so '--format=gnu' or '-G' are used
    to access it.
    
    binutils/ChangeLog:
    
    	* size.c (berkeley_format): Delete.
    	(enum output_format): New enum.
    	(selected_output_format): New variable.
    	(usage): Update to mention GNU format.
    	(main): Update to extract options, and select format as needed.
    	Handle GNU format where needed.
    	(berkeley_sum): Renamed to...
    	(berkeley_or_gnu_sum): ...this, and updated to handle both formats.
    	(berkeley_format): Renamed to...
    	(berkeley_or_gnu_format): ...this, and updated to handle both
    	formats.
    	(print_sizes): Handle GNU format.
    	* doc/binutils.texi (size): Document new GNU format.
    	* testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp: Add test of extended
    	functionality.
    	* NEWS: Mention new functionality.

Diff:
---
 binutils/ChangeLog                       |  19 ++++++
 binutils/NEWS                            |   5 ++
 binutils/doc/binutils.texi               |  29 ++++++--
 binutils/size.c                          | 110 +++++++++++++++++++++----------
 binutils/testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp |  20 ++++++
 5 files changed, 145 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/binutils/ChangeLog b/binutils/ChangeLog
index eccf844..1ec886b 100644
--- a/binutils/ChangeLog
+++ b/binutils/ChangeLog
@@ -1,5 +1,24 @@
 2019-02-08  Andrew Burgess  <andrew.burgess@embecosm.com>
 
+	* size.c (berkeley_format): Delete.
+	(enum output_format): New enum.
+	(selected_output_format): New variable.
+	(usage): Update to mention GNU format.
+	(main): Update to extract options, and select format as needed.
+	Handle GNU format where needed.
+	(berkeley_sum): Renamed to...
+	(berkeley_or_gnu_sum): ...this, and updated to handle both formats.
+	(berkeley_format): Renamed to...
+	(berkeley_or_gnu_format): ...this, and updated to handle both
+	formats.
+	(print_sizes): Handle GNU format.
+	* doc/binutils.texi (size): Document new GNU format.
+	* testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp: Add test of extended
+	functionality.
+	* NEWS: Mention new functionality.
+
+2019-02-08  Andrew Burgess  <andrew.burgess@embecosm.com>
+
 	* doc/binutils.texi (size): Update example output for Berkeley
 	format output.
 
diff --git a/binutils/NEWS b/binutils/NEWS
index 9ea8297..34fd9ec 100644
--- a/binutils/NEWS
+++ b/binutils/NEWS
@@ -33,6 +33,11 @@ Changes in 2.32:
   3A1000 processor, The -march=loongson3a is an alias of -march=gs464 for
   compatibility.
 
+* The size tool now has a new output format '--format=GNU' or '-G'.  The
+  results are displayed in a similar manor to the default berkeley layout,
+  except read-only data is counted in the data column, not the text column.
+  Additionally the total is only included once.
+
 Changes in 2.31:
 
 * Add support for disassembling netronome Flow Processor (NFP) firmware files.
diff --git a/binutils/doc/binutils.texi b/binutils/doc/binutils.texi
index 1137dce..01f1e5f 100644
--- a/binutils/doc/binutils.texi
+++ b/binutils/doc/binutils.texi
@@ -2877,7 +2877,7 @@ ar(1), nm(1), and the Info entries for @file{binutils}.
 
 @smallexample
 @c man begin SYNOPSIS size
-size [@option{-A}|@option{-B}|@option{--format=}@var{compatibility}]
+size [@option{-A}|@option{-B}|@option{-G}|@option{--format=}@var{compatibility}]
      [@option{--help}]
      [@option{-d}|@option{-o}|@option{-x}|@option{--radix=}@var{number}]
      [@option{--common}]
@@ -2906,13 +2906,16 @@ The command-line options have the following meanings:
 @table @env
 @item -A
 @itemx -B
+@itemx -G
 @itemx --format=@var{compatibility}
 @cindex @command{size} display format
 Using one of these options, you can choose whether the output from @sc{gnu}
 @command{size} resembles output from System V @command{size} (using @option{-A},
 or @option{--format=sysv}), or Berkeley @command{size} (using @option{-B}, or
 @option{--format=berkeley}).  The default is the one-line format similar to
-Berkeley's.
+Berkeley's.  Alternatively, you can choose the GNU format output
+(using @option{-G}, or @option{--format=gnu}), this is similar to
+Berkeley's output format, but sizes are counted differently.
 @c Bonus for doc-source readers: you can also say --format=strange (or
 @c anything else that starts with 's') for sysv, and --format=boring (or
 @c anything else that starts with 'b') for Berkeley.
@@ -2926,6 +2929,24 @@ $ size --format=Berkeley ranlib size
  294880   81920   11888  388688   5ee50 size
 @end smallexample
 
+The Berkeley style output counts read only data in the @code{text}
+column, not in the @code{data} column, the @code{dec} and @code{hex}
+columns both display the sum of the @code{text}, @code{data}, and
+@code{bss} columns in decimal and hexadecimal respectively.
+
+The GNU format counts read only data in the @code{data} column, not
+the @code{text} column, and only displays the sum of the @code{text},
+@code{data}, and @code{bss} columns once, in the @code{total} column.
+The @option{--radix} option can be used to change the number base for
+all columns.  Here is the same data displayed with GNU conventions:
+
+@smallexample
+$ size --format=GNU ranlib size
+      text       data        bss      total filename
+    279880      96920      11592     388392 ranlib
+    279880      96920      11888     388688 size
+@end smallexample
+
 @noindent
 This is the same data, but displayed closer to System V conventions:
 
@@ -2966,11 +2987,11 @@ octal and hexadecimal if you're using @option{-o}.
 
 @item --common
 Print total size of common symbols in each file.  When using Berkeley
-format these are included in the bss size.
+or GNU format these are included in the bss size.
 
 @item -t
 @itemx --totals
-Show totals of all objects listed (Berkeley format listing mode only).
+Show totals of all objects listed (Berkeley or GNU format mode only).
 
 @item --target=@var{bfdname}
 @cindex object code format
diff --git a/binutils/size.c b/binutils/size.c
index 93ec026..479a464 100644
--- a/binutils/size.c
+++ b/binutils/size.c
@@ -46,8 +46,20 @@ static enum
   }
 radix = decimal;
 
-/* 0 means use AT&T-style output.  */
-static int berkeley_format = BSD_DEFAULT;
+/* Select the desired output format.  */
+enum output_format
+  {
+   FORMAT_BERKLEY,
+   FORMAT_SYSV,
+   FORMAT_GNU
+  };
+static enum output_format selected_output_format =
+#if BSD_DEFAULT
+  FORMAT_BERKLEY
+#else
+  FORMAT_SYSV
+#endif
+  ;
 
 static int show_version = 0;
 static int show_help = 0;
@@ -77,7 +89,7 @@ usage (FILE *stream, int status)
   fprintf (stream, _(" Displays the sizes of sections inside binary files\n"));
   fprintf (stream, _(" If no input file(s) are specified, a.out is assumed\n"));
   fprintf (stream, _(" The options are:\n\
-  -A|-B     --format={sysv|berkeley}  Select output style (default is %s)\n\
+  -A|-B|-G  --format={sysv|berkeley|gnu}  Select output style (default is %s)\n\
   -o|-d|-x  --radix={8|10|16}         Display numbers in octal, decimal or hex\n\
   -t        --totals                  Display the total sizes (Berkeley only)\n\
             --common                  Display total size for *COM* syms\n\
@@ -141,7 +153,7 @@ main (int argc, char **argv)
     fatal (_("fatal error: libbfd ABI mismatch"));
   set_default_bfd_target ();
 
-  while ((c = getopt_long (argc, argv, "ABHhVvdfotx", long_options,
+  while ((c = getopt_long (argc, argv, "ABGHhVvdfotx", long_options,
 			   (int *) 0)) != EOF)
     switch (c)
       {
@@ -150,11 +162,15 @@ main (int argc, char **argv)
 	  {
 	  case 'B':
 	  case 'b':
-	    berkeley_format = 1;
+	    selected_output_format = FORMAT_BERKLEY;
 	    break;
 	  case 'S':
 	  case 's':
-	    berkeley_format = 0;
+	    selected_output_format = FORMAT_SYSV;
+	    break;
+	  case 'G':
+	  case 'g':
+	    selected_output_format = FORMAT_GNU;
 	    break;
 	  default:
 	    non_fatal (_("invalid argument to --format: %s"), optarg);
@@ -190,10 +206,13 @@ main (int argc, char **argv)
 	break;
 
       case 'A':
-	berkeley_format = 0;
+	selected_output_format = FORMAT_SYSV;
 	break;
       case 'B':
-	berkeley_format = 1;
+	selected_output_format = FORMAT_BERKLEY;
+	break;
+      case 'G':
+	selected_output_format = FORMAT_GNU;
 	break;
       case 'v':
       case 'V':
@@ -240,17 +259,25 @@ main (int argc, char **argv)
     for (; optind < argc;)
       display_file (argv[optind++]);
 
-  if (show_totals && berkeley_format)
+  if (show_totals && (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY
+		      || selected_output_format == FORMAT_GNU))
     {
       bfd_size_type total = total_textsize + total_datasize + total_bsssize;
-
-      rprint_number (7, total_textsize);
-      putchar('\t');
-      rprint_number (7, total_datasize);
-      putchar('\t');
-      rprint_number (7, total_bsssize);
-      printf (((radix == octal) ? "\t%7lo\t%7lx\t" : "\t%7lu\t%7lx\t"),
-	      (unsigned long) total, (unsigned long) total);
+      int col_width = (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY) ? 7 : 10;
+      char sep_char = (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY) ? '\t' : ' ';
+
+      rprint_number (col_width, total_textsize);
+      putchar(sep_char);
+      rprint_number (col_width, total_datasize);
+      putchar(sep_char);
+      rprint_number (col_width, total_bsssize);
+      putchar(sep_char);
+      if (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY)
+	printf (((radix == octal) ? "%7lo\t%7lx" : "%7lu\t%7lx"),
+		(unsigned long) total, (unsigned long) total);
+      else
+	rprint_number (col_width, total);
+      putchar(sep_char);
       fputs ("(TOTALS)\n", stdout);
     }
 
@@ -445,8 +472,8 @@ static bfd_size_type datasize;
 static bfd_size_type textsize;
 
 static void
-berkeley_sum (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, sec_ptr sec,
-	      void *ignore ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
+berkeley_or_gnu_sum (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, sec_ptr sec,
+		     void *ignore ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
 {
   flagword flags;
   bfd_size_type size;
@@ -456,7 +483,9 @@ berkeley_sum (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, sec_ptr sec,
     return;
 
   size = bfd_get_section_size (sec);
-  if ((flags & SEC_CODE) != 0 || (flags & SEC_READONLY) != 0)
+  if ((flags & SEC_CODE) != 0
+      || (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY
+	  && (flags & SEC_READONLY) != 0))
     textsize += size;
   else if ((flags & SEC_HAS_CONTENTS) != 0)
     datasize += size;
@@ -465,21 +494,28 @@ berkeley_sum (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, sec_ptr sec,
 }
 
 static void
-print_berkeley_format (bfd *abfd)
+print_berkeley_or_gnu_format (bfd *abfd)
 {
   static int files_seen = 0;
   bfd_size_type total;
+  int col_width = (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY) ? 7 : 10;
+  char sep_char = (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY) ? '\t' : ' ';
 
   bsssize = 0;
   datasize = 0;
   textsize = 0;
 
-  bfd_map_over_sections (abfd, berkeley_sum, NULL);
+  bfd_map_over_sections (abfd, berkeley_or_gnu_sum, NULL);
 
   bsssize += common_size;
   if (files_seen++ == 0)
-    puts ((radix == octal) ? "   text\t   data\t    bss\t    oct\t    hex\tfilename" :
-	  "   text\t   data\t    bss\t    dec\t    hex\tfilename");
+    {
+      if (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY)
+	puts ((radix == octal) ? "   text\t   data\t    bss\t    oct\t    hex\tfilename" :
+	      "   text\t   data\t    bss\t    dec\t    hex\tfilename");
+      else
+	puts ("      text       data        bss      total filename");
+    }
 
   total = textsize + datasize + bsssize;
 
@@ -490,14 +526,20 @@ print_berkeley_format (bfd *abfd)
       total_bsssize  += bsssize;
     }
 
-  rprint_number (7, textsize);
-  putchar ('\t');
-  rprint_number (7, datasize);
-  putchar ('\t');
-  rprint_number (7, bsssize);
-  printf (((radix == octal) ? "\t%7lo\t%7lx\t" : "\t%7lu\t%7lx\t"),
-	  (unsigned long) total, (unsigned long) total);
+  rprint_number (col_width, textsize);
+  putchar (sep_char);
+  rprint_number (col_width, datasize);
+  putchar (sep_char);
+  rprint_number (col_width, bsssize);
+  putchar (sep_char);
 
+  if (selected_output_format == FORMAT_BERKLEY)
+    printf (((radix == octal) ? "%7lo\t%7lx" : "%7lu\t%7lx"),
+	    (unsigned long) total, (unsigned long) total);
+  else
+    rprint_number (col_width, total);
+
+  putchar (sep_char);
   fputs (bfd_get_filename (abfd), stdout);
 
   if (abfd->my_archive)
@@ -611,8 +653,8 @@ print_sizes (bfd *file)
 {
   if (show_common)
     calculate_common_size (file);
-  if (berkeley_format)
-    print_berkeley_format (file);
-  else
+  if (selected_output_format == FORMAT_SYSV)
     print_sysv_format (file);
+  else
+    print_berkeley_or_gnu_format (file);
 }
diff --git a/binutils/testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp b/binutils/testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp
index 3fa0405..a102e15 100644
--- a/binutils/testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp
+++ b/binutils/testsuite/binutils-all/size.exp
@@ -79,4 +79,24 @@ if {![binutils_assemble $srcdir/$subdir/bintest.s tmpdir/bintest.o]} then {
 	    pass "size -A"
 	}
     }
+
+    # Test size -G
+
+    set got [binutils_run $SIZE "$SIZEFLAGS -G $testfile"]
+
+    set want "($dec)\[ 	\]+($dec)\[ 	\]+($dec)\[ 	\]+($dec)\[ 	\]+${testfile}"
+
+    if ![regexp $want $got all text data bss dtot hextot] then {
+	fail "size -G"
+    } else {
+	if {$text < 8 || $data < 4} then {
+	    # The z80-coff port defaults to a "binary" like output
+	    # file format which does not include a data section.
+	    setup_xfail "z80-*-coff"
+	    fail "size -G"
+	} else {
+	    pass "size -G"
+	}
+    }
+
 }


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