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23.2.2.4 Types In Python

GDB represents types from the inferior using the class gdb.Type.

The following type-related functions are available in the gdb module:

Function: gdb.lookup_type (name [, block])

This function looks up a type by its name, which must be a string.

If block is given, then name is looked up in that scope. Otherwise, it is searched for globally.

Ordinarily, this function will return an instance of gdb.Type. If the named type cannot be found, it will throw an exception.

If the type is a structure or class type, or an enum type, the fields of that type can be accessed using the Python dictionary syntax. For example, if some_type is a gdb.Type instance holding a structure type, you can access its foo field with:

bar = some_type['foo']

bar will be a gdb.Field object; see below under the description of the Type.fields method for a description of the gdb.Field class.

An instance of Type has the following attributes:

Variable: Type.code

The type code for this type. The type code will be one of the TYPE_CODE_ constants defined below.

Variable: Type.name

The name of this type. If this type has no name, then None is returned.

Variable: Type.sizeof

The size of this type, in target char units. Usually, a target’s char type will be an 8-bit byte. However, on some unusual platforms, this type may have a different size.

Variable: Type.tag

The tag name for this type. The tag name is the name after struct, union, or enum in C and C++; not all languages have this concept. If this type has no tag name, then None is returned.

The following methods are provided:

Function: Type.fields ()

For structure and union types, this method returns the fields. Range types have two fields, the minimum and maximum values. Enum types have one field per enum constant. Function and method types have one field per parameter. The base types of C++ classes are also represented as fields. If the type has no fields, or does not fit into one of these categories, an empty sequence will be returned.

Each field is a gdb.Field object, with some pre-defined attributes:

bitpos

This attribute is not available for enum or static (as in C++ or Java) fields. The value is the position, counting in bits, from the start of the containing type.

enumval

This attribute is only available for enum fields, and its value is the enumeration member’s integer representation.

name

The name of the field, or None for anonymous fields.

artificial

This is True if the field is artificial, usually meaning that it was provided by the compiler and not the user. This attribute is always provided, and is False if the field is not artificial.

is_base_class

This is True if the field represents a base class of a C++ structure. This attribute is always provided, and is False if the field is not a base class of the type that is the argument of fields, or if that type was not a C++ class.

bitsize

If the field is packed, or is a bitfield, then this will have a non-zero value, which is the size of the field in bits. Otherwise, this will be zero; in this case the field’s size is given by its type.

type

The type of the field. This is usually an instance of Type, but it can be None in some situations.

parent_type

The type which contains this field. This is an instance of gdb.Type.

Function: Type.array (n1 [, n2])

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents an array of this type. If one argument is given, it is the inclusive upper bound of the array; in this case the lower bound is zero. If two arguments are given, the first argument is the lower bound of the array, and the second argument is the upper bound of the array. An array’s length must not be negative, but the bounds can be.

Function: Type.vector (n1 [, n2])

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents a vector of this type. If one argument is given, it is the inclusive upper bound of the vector; in this case the lower bound is zero. If two arguments are given, the first argument is the lower bound of the vector, and the second argument is the upper bound of the vector. A vector’s length must not be negative, but the bounds can be.

The difference between an array and a vector is that arrays behave like in C: when used in expressions they decay to a pointer to the first element whereas vectors are treated as first class values.

Function: Type.const ()

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents a const-qualified variant of this type.

Function: Type.volatile ()

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents a volatile-qualified variant of this type.

Function: Type.unqualified ()

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents an unqualified variant of this type. That is, the result is neither const nor volatile.

Function: Type.range ()

Return a Python Tuple object that contains two elements: the low bound of the argument type and the high bound of that type. If the type does not have a range, GDB will raise a gdb.error exception (see Exception Handling).

Function: Type.reference ()

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents a reference to this type.

Function: Type.pointer ()

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents a pointer to this type.

Function: Type.strip_typedefs ()

Return a new gdb.Type that represents the real type, after removing all layers of typedefs.

Function: Type.target ()

Return a new gdb.Type object which represents the target type of this type.

For a pointer type, the target type is the type of the pointed-to object. For an array type (meaning C-like arrays), the target type is the type of the elements of the array. For a function or method type, the target type is the type of the return value. For a complex type, the target type is the type of the elements. For a typedef, the target type is the aliased type.

If the type does not have a target, this method will throw an exception.

Function: Type.template_argument (n [, block])

If this gdb.Type is an instantiation of a template, this will return a new gdb.Type which represents the type of the nth template argument.

If this gdb.Type is not a template type, this will throw an exception. Ordinarily, only C++ code will have template types.

If block is given, then name is looked up in that scope. Otherwise, it is searched for globally.

Each type has a code, which indicates what category this type falls into. The available type categories are represented by constants defined in the gdb module:

gdb.TYPE_CODE_PTR

The type is a pointer.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_ARRAY

The type is an array.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_STRUCT

The type is a structure.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_UNION

The type is a union.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_ENUM

The type is an enum.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_FLAGS

A bit flags type, used for things such as status registers.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_FUNC

The type is a function.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_INT

The type is an integer type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_FLT

A floating point type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_VOID

The special type void.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_SET

A Pascal set type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_RANGE

A range type, that is, an integer type with bounds.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_STRING

A string type. Note that this is only used for certain languages with language-defined string types; C strings are not represented this way.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_BITSTRING

A string of bits. It is deprecated.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_ERROR

An unknown or erroneous type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_METHOD

A method type, as found in C++ or Java.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_METHODPTR

A pointer-to-member-function.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_MEMBERPTR

A pointer-to-member.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_REF

A reference type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_CHAR

A character type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_BOOL

A boolean type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_COMPLEX

A complex float type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_TYPEDEF

A typedef to some other type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_NAMESPACE

A C++ namespace.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_DECFLOAT

A decimal floating point type.

gdb.TYPE_CODE_INTERNAL_FUNCTION

A function internal to GDB. This is the type used to represent convenience functions.

Further support for types is provided in the gdb.types Python module (see gdb.types).


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