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23.2.2.19 Parameters In Python

You can implement new GDB parameters using Python. A new parameter is implemented as an instance of the gdb.Parameter class.

Parameters are exposed to the user via the set and show commands. See Help.

There are many parameters that already exist and can be set in GDB. Two examples are: set follow fork and set charset. Setting these parameters influences certain behavior in GDB. Similarly, you can define parameters that can be used to influence behavior in custom Python scripts and commands.

Function: Parameter.__init__ (name, command-class, parameter-class [, enum-sequence])

The object initializer for Parameter registers the new parameter with GDB. This initializer is normally invoked from the subclass’ own __init__ method.

name is the name of the new parameter. If name consists of multiple words, then the initial words are looked for as prefix parameters. An example of this can be illustrated with the set print set of parameters. If name is print foo, then print will be searched as the prefix parameter. In this case the parameter can subsequently be accessed in GDB as set print foo.

If name consists of multiple words, and no prefix parameter group can be found, an exception is raised.

command-class should be one of the ‘COMMAND_’ constants (see Commands In Python). This argument tells GDB how to categorize the new parameter in the help system.

parameter-class should be one of the ‘PARAM_’ constants defined below. This argument tells GDB the type of the new parameter; this information is used for input validation and completion.

If parameter-class is PARAM_ENUM, then enum-sequence must be a sequence of strings. These strings represent the possible values for the parameter.

If parameter-class is not PARAM_ENUM, then the presence of a fourth argument will cause an exception to be thrown.

The help text for the new parameter is taken from the Python documentation string for the parameter’s class, if there is one. If there is no documentation string, a default value is used.

Variable: Parameter.set_doc

If this attribute exists, and is a string, then its value is used as the help text for this parameter’s set command. The value is examined when Parameter.__init__ is invoked; subsequent changes have no effect.

Variable: Parameter.show_doc

If this attribute exists, and is a string, then its value is used as the help text for this parameter’s show command. The value is examined when Parameter.__init__ is invoked; subsequent changes have no effect.

Variable: Parameter.value

The value attribute holds the underlying value of the parameter. It can be read and assigned to just as any other attribute. GDB does validation when assignments are made.

There are two methods that should be implemented in any Parameter class. These are:

Function: Parameter.get_set_string (self)

GDB will call this method when a parameter’s value has been changed via the set API (for example, set foo off). The value attribute has already been populated with the new value and may be used in output. This method must return a string.

Function: Parameter.get_show_string (self, svalue)

GDB will call this method when a parameter’s show API has been invoked (for example, show foo). The argument svalue receives the string representation of the current value. This method must return a string.

When a new parameter is defined, its type must be specified. The available types are represented by constants defined in the gdb module:

gdb.PARAM_BOOLEAN

The value is a plain boolean. The Python boolean values, True and False are the only valid values.

gdb.PARAM_AUTO_BOOLEAN

The value has three possible states: true, false, and ‘auto’. In Python, true and false are represented using boolean constants, and ‘auto’ is represented using None.

gdb.PARAM_UINTEGER

The value is an unsigned integer. The value of 0 should be interpreted to mean “unlimited”.

gdb.PARAM_INTEGER

The value is a signed integer. The value of 0 should be interpreted to mean “unlimited”.

gdb.PARAM_STRING

The value is a string. When the user modifies the string, any escape sequences, such as ‘\t’, ‘\f’, and octal escapes, are translated into corresponding characters and encoded into the current host charset.

gdb.PARAM_STRING_NOESCAPE

The value is a string. When the user modifies the string, escapes are passed through untranslated.

gdb.PARAM_OPTIONAL_FILENAME

The value is a either a filename (a string), or None.

gdb.PARAM_FILENAME

The value is a filename. This is just like PARAM_STRING_NOESCAPE, but uses file names for completion.

gdb.PARAM_ZINTEGER

The value is an integer. This is like PARAM_INTEGER, except 0 is interpreted as itself.

gdb.PARAM_ENUM

The value is a string, which must be one of a collection string constants provided when the parameter is created.


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