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27.14 GDB/MI Stack Manipulation Commands

The -enable-frame-filters Command

-enable-frame-filters

GDB allows Python-based frame filters to affect the output of the MI commands relating to stack traces. As there is no way to implement this in a fully backward-compatible way, a front end must request that this functionality be enabled.

Once enabled, this feature cannot be disabled.

Note that if Python support has not been compiled into GDB, this command will still succeed (and do nothing).

The -stack-info-frame Command

Synopsis

 -stack-info-frame

Get info on the selected frame.

GDB Command

The corresponding GDB command is ‘info frame’ or ‘frame’ (without arguments).

Example

(gdb)
-stack-info-frame
^done,frame={level="1",addr="0x0001076c",func="callee3",
file="../../../devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",
fullname="/home/foo/bar/devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",line="17"}
(gdb)

The -stack-info-depth Command

Synopsis

 -stack-info-depth [ max-depth ]

Return the depth of the stack. If the integer argument max-depth is specified, do not count beyond max-depth frames.

GDB Command

There’s no equivalent GDB command.

Example

For a stack with frame levels 0 through 11:

(gdb)
-stack-info-depth
^done,depth="12"
(gdb)
-stack-info-depth 4
^done,depth="4"
(gdb)
-stack-info-depth 12
^done,depth="12"
(gdb)
-stack-info-depth 11
^done,depth="11"
(gdb)
-stack-info-depth 13
^done,depth="12"
(gdb)

The -stack-list-arguments Command

Synopsis

 -stack-list-arguments [ --no-frame-filters ] [ --skip-unavailable ] print-values
    [ low-frame high-frame ]

Display a list of the arguments for the frames between low-frame and high-frame (inclusive). If low-frame and high-frame are not provided, list the arguments for the whole call stack. If the two arguments are equal, show the single frame at the corresponding level. It is an error if low-frame is larger than the actual number of frames. On the other hand, high-frame may be larger than the actual number of frames, in which case only existing frames will be returned.

If print-values is 0 or --no-values, print only the names of the variables; if it is 1 or --all-values, print also their values; and if it is 2 or --simple-values, print the name, type and value for simple data types, and the name and type for arrays, structures and unions. If the option --no-frame-filters is supplied, then Python frame filters will not be executed.

If the --skip-unavailable option is specified, arguments that are not available are not listed. Partially available arguments are still displayed, however.

Use of this command to obtain arguments in a single frame is deprecated in favor of the ‘-stack-list-variables’ command.

GDB Command

GDB does not have an equivalent command. gdbtk has a ‘gdb_get_args’ command which partially overlaps with the functionality of ‘-stack-list-arguments’.

Example

(gdb)
-stack-list-frames
^done,
stack=[
frame={level="0",addr="0x00010734",func="callee4",
file="../../../devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",
fullname="/home/foo/bar/devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",line="8"},
frame={level="1",addr="0x0001076c",func="callee3",
file="../../../devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",
fullname="/home/foo/bar/devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",line="17"},
frame={level="2",addr="0x0001078c",func="callee2",
file="../../../devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",
fullname="/home/foo/bar/devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",line="22"},
frame={level="3",addr="0x000107b4",func="callee1",
file="../../../devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",
fullname="/home/foo/bar/devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",line="27"},
frame={level="4",addr="0x000107e0",func="main",
file="../../../devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",
fullname="/home/foo/bar/devo/gdb/testsuite/gdb.mi/basics.c",line="32"}]
(gdb)
-stack-list-arguments 0
^done,
stack-args=[
frame={level="0",args=[]},
frame={level="1",args=[name="strarg"]},
frame={level="2",args=[name="intarg",name="strarg"]},
frame={level="3",args=[name="intarg",name="strarg",name="fltarg"]},
frame={level="4",args=[]}]
(gdb)
-stack-list-arguments 1
^done,
stack-args=[
frame={level="0",args=[]},
frame={level="1",
 args=[{name="strarg",value="0x11940 \"A string argument.\""}]},
frame={level="2",args=[
{name="intarg",value="2"},
{name="strarg",value="0x11940 \"A string argument.\""}]},
{frame={level="3",args=[
{name="intarg",value="2"},
{name="strarg",value="0x11940 \"A string argument.\""},
{name="fltarg",value="3.5"}]},
frame={level="4",args=[]}]
(gdb)
-stack-list-arguments 0 2 2
^done,stack-args=[frame={level="2",args=[name="intarg",name="strarg"]}]
(gdb)
-stack-list-arguments 1 2 2
^done,stack-args=[frame={level="2",
args=[{name="intarg",value="2"},
{name="strarg",value="0x11940 \"A string argument.\""}]}]
(gdb)

The -stack-list-frames Command

Synopsis

 -stack-list-frames [ --no-frame-filters low-frame high-frame ]

List the frames currently on the stack. For each frame it displays the following info:

level

The frame number, 0 being the topmost frame, i.e., the innermost function.

addr

The $pc value for that frame.

func

Function name.

file

File name of the source file where the function lives.

fullname

The full file name of the source file where the function lives.

line

Line number corresponding to the $pc.

from

The shared library where this function is defined. This is only given if the frame’s function is not known.

If invoked without arguments, this command prints a backtrace for the whole stack. If given two integer arguments, it shows the frames whose levels are between the two arguments (inclusive). If the two arguments are equal, it shows the single frame at the corresponding level. It is an error if low-frame is larger than the actual number of frames. On the other hand, high-frame may be larger than the actual number of frames, in which case only existing frames will be returned. If the option --no-frame-filters is supplied, then Python frame filters will not be executed.

GDB Command

The corresponding GDB commands are ‘backtrace’ and ‘where’.

Example

Full stack backtrace:

(gdb)
-stack-list-frames
^done,stack=
[frame={level="0",addr="0x0001076c",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="11"},
frame={level="1",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="2",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="3",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="4",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="5",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="6",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="7",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="8",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="9",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="10",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="11",addr="0x00010738",func="main",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="4"}]
(gdb)

Show frames between low_frame and high_frame:

(gdb)
-stack-list-frames 3 5
^done,stack=
[frame={level="3",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="4",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"},
frame={level="5",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"}]
(gdb)

Show a single frame:

(gdb)
-stack-list-frames 3 3
^done,stack=
[frame={level="3",addr="0x000107a4",func="foo",
  file="recursive2.c",fullname="/home/foo/bar/recursive2.c",line="14"}]
(gdb)

The -stack-list-locals Command

Synopsis

 -stack-list-locals [ --no-frame-filters ] [ --skip-unavailable ] print-values

Display the local variable names for the selected frame. If print-values is 0 or --no-values, print only the names of the variables; if it is 1 or --all-values, print also their values; and if it is 2 or --simple-values, print the name, type and value for simple data types, and the name and type for arrays, structures and unions. In this last case, a frontend can immediately display the value of simple data types and create variable objects for other data types when the user wishes to explore their values in more detail. If the option --no-frame-filters is supplied, then Python frame filters will not be executed.

If the --skip-unavailable option is specified, local variables that are not available are not listed. Partially available local variables are still displayed, however.

This command is deprecated in favor of the ‘-stack-list-variables’ command.

GDB Command

info locals’ in GDB, ‘gdb_get_locals’ in gdbtk.

Example

(gdb)
-stack-list-locals 0
^done,locals=[name="A",name="B",name="C"]
(gdb)
-stack-list-locals --all-values
^done,locals=[{name="A",value="1"},{name="B",value="2"},
  {name="C",value="{1, 2, 3}"}]
-stack-list-locals --simple-values
^done,locals=[{name="A",type="int",value="1"},
  {name="B",type="int",value="2"},{name="C",type="int [3]"}]
(gdb)

The -stack-list-variables Command

Synopsis

 -stack-list-variables [ --no-frame-filters ] [ --skip-unavailable ] print-values

Display the names of local variables and function arguments for the selected frame. If print-values is 0 or --no-values, print only the names of the variables; if it is 1 or --all-values, print also their values; and if it is 2 or --simple-values, print the name, type and value for simple data types, and the name and type for arrays, structures and unions. If the option --no-frame-filters is supplied, then Python frame filters will not be executed.

If the --skip-unavailable option is specified, local variables and arguments that are not available are not listed. Partially available arguments and local variables are still displayed, however.

Example

(gdb)
-stack-list-variables --thread 1 --frame 0 --all-values
^done,variables=[{name="x",value="11"},{name="s",value="{a = 1, b = 2}"}]
(gdb)

The -stack-select-frame Command

Synopsis

 -stack-select-frame framenum

Change the selected frame. Select a different frame framenum on the stack.

This command in deprecated in favor of passing the ‘--frame’ option to every command.

GDB Command

The corresponding GDB commands are ‘frame’, ‘up’, ‘down’, ‘select-frame’, ‘up-silent’, and ‘down-silent’.

Example

(gdb)
-stack-select-frame 2
^done
(gdb)

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