The ‘c’ symbol descriptor indicates that this stab represents a constant. This symbol descriptor is an exception to the general rule that symbol descriptors are followed by type information. Instead, it is followed by ‘=’ and one of the following:
Boolean constant. value is a numeric value; I assume it is 0 for false or 1 for true.
Character constant. value is the numeric value of the constant.
e type-information , value
Constant whose value can be represented as integral.
type-information is the type of the constant, as it would appear
after a symbol descriptor (see String Field). value is the
numeric value of the constant. GDB 4.9 does not actually get the right
value if value does not fit in a host
int, but it does not
do anything violent, and future debuggers could be extended to accept
integers of any size (whether unsigned or not). This constant type is
usually documented as being only for enumeration constants, but GDB has
never imposed that restriction; I don’t know about other debuggers.
Integer constant. value is the numeric value. The type is some
sort of generic integer type (for GDB, a host
int); to specify
the type explicitly, use ‘e’ instead.
Real constant. value is the real value, which can be ‘INF’
(optionally preceded by a sign) for infinity, ‘QNAN’ for a quiet
NaN (not-a-number), or ‘SNAN’ for a signalling NaN. If it is a
normal number the format is that accepted by the C library function
String constant. string is a string enclosed in either ‘'’ (in which case ‘'’ characters within the string are represented as ‘\'’ or ‘"’ (in which case ‘"’ characters within the string are represented as ‘\"’).
S type-information , elements , bits , pattern
Set constant. type-information is the type of the constant, as it would appear after a symbol descriptor (see String Field). elements is the number of elements in the set (does this means how many bits of pattern are actually used, which would be redundant with the type, or perhaps the number of bits set in pattern? I don’t get it), bits is the number of bits in the constant (meaning it specifies the length of pattern, I think), and pattern is a hexadecimal representation of the set. AIX documentation refers to a limit of 32 bytes, but I see no reason why this limit should exist. This form could probably be used for arbitrary constants, not just sets; the only catch is that pattern should be understood to be target, not host, byte order and format.
The boolean, character, string, and set constants are not supported by GDB 4.9, but it ignores them. GDB 4.8 and earlier gave an error message and refused to read symbols from the file containing the constants.
The above information is followed by ‘;’.