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23.3.3.14 Guile representation of Symbols.

gdb represents every variable, function and type as an entry in a symbol table. See Examining the Symbol Table. Guile represents these symbols in gdb with the <gdb:symbol> object.

The following symbol-related procedures are provided by the (gdb) module:

— Scheme Procedure: symbol? object

Return #t if object is an object of type <gdb:symbol>. Otherwise return #f.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-valid? symbol

Return #t if the <gdb:symbol> object is valid, #f if not. A <gdb:symbol> object can become invalid if the symbol it refers to does not exist in gdb any longer. All other <gdb:symbol> procedures will throw an exception if it is invalid at the time the procedure is called.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-type symbol

Return the type of symbol or #f if no type is recorded. The result is an object of type <gdb:type>. See Types In Guile.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-symtab symbol

Return the symbol table in which symbol appears. The result is an object of type <gdb:symtab>. See Symbol Tables In Guile.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-line symbol

Return the line number in the source code at which symbol was defined. This is an integer.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-name symbol

Return the name of symbol as a string.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-linkage-name symbol

Return the name of symbol, as used by the linker (i.e., may be mangled).

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-print-name symbol

Return the name of symbol in a form suitable for output. This is either name or linkage_name, depending on whether the user asked gdb to display demangled or mangled names.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-addr-class symbol

Return the address class of the symbol. This classifies how to find the value of a symbol. Each address class is a constant defined in the (gdb) module and described later in this chapter.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-needs-frame? symbol

Return #t if evaluating symbol's value requires a frame (see Frames In Guile) and #f otherwise. Typically, local variables will require a frame, but other symbols will not.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-argument? symbol

Return #t if symbol is an argument of a function. Otherwise return #f.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-constant? symbol

Return #t if symbol is a constant. Otherwise return #f.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-function? symbol

Return #t if symbol is a function or a method. Otherwise return #f.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-variable? symbol

Return #t if symbol is a variable. Otherwise return #f.

— Scheme Procedure: symbol-value symbol [#:frame frame]

Compute the value of symbol, as a <gdb:value>. For functions, this computes the address of the function, cast to the appropriate type. If the symbol requires a frame in order to compute its value, then frame must be given. If frame is not given, or if frame is invalid, then an exception is thrown.

— Scheme Procedure: lookup-symbol name [#:block block] [#:domain domain]

This function searches for a symbol by name. The search scope can be restricted to the parameters defined in the optional domain and block arguments.

name is the name of the symbol. It must be a string. The optional block argument restricts the search to symbols visible in that block. The block argument must be a <gdb:block> object. If omitted, the block for the current frame is used. The optional domain argument restricts the search to the domain type. The domain argument must be a domain constant defined in the (gdb) module and described later in this chapter.

The result is a list of two elements. The first element is a <gdb:symbol> object or #f if the symbol is not found. If the symbol is found, the second element is #t if the symbol is a field of a method's object (e.g., this in C++), otherwise it is #f. If the symbol is not found, the second element is #f.

— Scheme Procedure: lookup-global-symbol name [#:domain domain]

This function searches for a global symbol by name. The search scope can be restricted by the domain argument.

name is the name of the symbol. It must be a string. The optional domain argument restricts the search to the domain type. The domain argument must be a domain constant defined in the (gdb) module and described later in this chapter.

The result is a <gdb:symbol> object or #f if the symbol is not found.

The available domain categories in <gdb:symbol> are represented as constants in the (gdb) module:

SYMBOL_UNDEF_DOMAIN
This is used when a domain has not been discovered or none of the following domains apply. This usually indicates an error either in the symbol information or in gdb's handling of symbols.
SYMBOL_VAR_DOMAIN
This domain contains variables, function names, typedef names and enum type values.
SYMBOL_STRUCT_DOMAIN
This domain holds struct, union and enum type names.
SYMBOL_LABEL_DOMAIN
This domain contains names of labels (for gotos).
SYMBOL_VARIABLES_DOMAIN
This domain holds a subset of the SYMBOLS_VAR_DOMAIN; it contains everything minus functions and types.
SYMBOL_FUNCTION_DOMAIN
This domain contains all functions.
SYMBOL_TYPES_DOMAIN
This domain contains all types.

The available address class categories in <gdb:symbol> are represented as constants in the gdb module:

SYMBOL_LOC_UNDEF
If this is returned by address class, it indicates an error either in the symbol information or in gdb's handling of symbols.
SYMBOL_LOC_CONST
Value is constant int.
SYMBOL_LOC_STATIC
Value is at a fixed address.
SYMBOL_LOC_REGISTER
Value is in a register.
SYMBOL_LOC_ARG
Value is an argument. This value is at the offset stored within the symbol inside the frame's argument list.
SYMBOL_LOC_REF_ARG
Value address is stored in the frame's argument list. Just like LOC_ARG except that the value's address is stored at the offset, not the value itself.
SYMBOL_LOC_REGPARM_ADDR
Value is a specified register. Just like LOC_REGISTER except the register holds the address of the argument instead of the argument itself.
SYMBOL_LOC_LOCAL
Value is a local variable.
SYMBOL_LOC_TYPEDEF
Value not used. Symbols in the domain SYMBOL_STRUCT_DOMAIN all have this class.
SYMBOL_LOC_BLOCK
Value is a block.
SYMBOL_LOC_CONST_BYTES
Value is a byte-sequence.
SYMBOL_LOC_UNRESOLVED
Value is at a fixed address, but the address of the variable has to be determined from the minimal symbol table whenever the variable is referenced.
SYMBOL_LOC_OPTIMIZED_OUT
The value does not actually exist in the program.
SYMBOL_LOC_COMPUTED
The value's address is a computed location.